Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2022

22-10-2021 | Empirical Research

Exposure to Social Media Racial Discrimination and Mental Health among Adolescents of Color

Auteurs: Xiangyu Tao, Celia B. Fisher

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Offline and online racial discrimination has been associated with mental health problems among adolescents of color. Pandemic shelter-at-home policies and the reignited racial justice movement increased the use of social media among youth of color, potentially exposing them to social media racial discrimination. Yet, it is unclear which aspects of social media significantly contributed to youth exposure to racial discrimination and associated mental health issues during this period. This study assessed the relationships among social media use (hours, racial intergroup contact, and racial justice civic engagement), individual and vicarious social media discrimination (defined as personally directed versus observing discrimination directed at others), and mental health among 115 black, 112 East/Southeast Asian, 79 Indigenous, and 101 Latinx adolescents (N = 407, 82.31% female, aged 15–18 years, M = 16.47, SD = 0.93). Structural equation modeling (SEM) analyses indicate that hours of use and racial justice civic engagement were associated with increased social media racial discrimination, depressive symptoms, anxiety, alcohol use disorder, and drug use problems. Furthermore, individual social media racial discrimination fully mediated the relationship between racial justice civic publication and depressive and alcohol use disorder. Vicarious social media racial discrimination fully mediated the relationship between racial justice activity coordination with depressive symptoms, anxiety, and alcohol use disorder. Alternative SEM models indicate that exposure to individual and vicarious social media racial discrimination increased depressive symptoms and drug use problems among youth of color, further increasing their social media use frequency and racial justice civic publication. The findings call for strategies to mitigate the effects of social media racial discrimination in ways that support adolescents’ racial justice civic engagement and mental health.
Literatuur
go back to reference Babor, T. F., Higgins-Biddle, J. C., Saunders, J. B., & Monteiro, M. G. (2001). The alcohol use disorders identification test. World Health Organization: Geneva Babor, T. F., Higgins-Biddle, J. C., Saunders, J. B., & Monteiro, M. G. (2001). The alcohol use disorders identification test. World Health Organization: Geneva
go back to reference Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–50 CrossRef Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–50 CrossRef
go back to reference Girouard, A., Dion, J., Bőthe, B., O’Sullivan, L., & Bergeron, S. (2021). Bullying victimization and sexual wellbeing in sexually active heterosexual, cisgender and sexual/gender minority adolescents: The mediating role of emotion regulation. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10964-021-01471-7 Girouard, A., Dion, J., Bőthe, B., O’Sullivan, L., & Bergeron, S. (2021). Bullying victimization and sexual wellbeing in sexually active heterosexual, cisgender and sexual/gender minority adolescents: The mediating role of emotion regulation. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10964-021-01471-7
go back to reference MacCallum, R. C., Browne, M. W., & Sugawara, H. M. (1996). Power analysis and determination of sample size for covariance structure modeling. Psychological Methods, 1(2), 130 CrossRef MacCallum, R. C., Browne, M. W., & Sugawara, H. M. (1996). Power analysis and determination of sample size for covariance structure modeling. Psychological Methods, 1(2), 130 CrossRef
go back to reference Mossman, S. A., Luft, M. J., Schroeder, H. K., Varney, S. T., Fleck, D. E., Barzman, D. H., Gilman, R., DelBello, M. P., & Strawn, J. R. (2017). The Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale in adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder: signal detection and validation. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 29(4), 227 PubMedPubMedCentral Mossman, S. A., Luft, M. J., Schroeder, H. K., Varney, S. T., Fleck, D. E., Barzman, D. H., Gilman, R., DelBello, M. P., & Strawn, J. R. (2017). The Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale in adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder: signal detection and validation. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 29(4), 227 PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Park, H. C. (2015). Intergroup contact and evaluations of interracial exclusion in offline and online settings among adolescents and young adults. City University of New York Park, H. C. (2015). Intergroup contact and evaluations of interracial exclusion in offline and online settings among adolescents and young adults. City University of New York
go back to reference Quintana, S. M., & McKown, C. (Eds.). (2008). Handbook of race, racism, and the developing child. John Wiley & Sons Quintana, S. M., & McKown, C. (Eds.). (2008). Handbook of race, racism, and the developing child. John Wiley & Sons
go back to reference Rosseel, Y., Oberski, D., Byrnes, J., Vanbrabant, L., Savalei, V., Merkle, E., Hallquist, M., Rhemtulla, M., Katsikatsou, M., & Barendse, M. (2017). Package ‘lavaan’ Rosseel, Y., Oberski, D., Byrnes, J., Vanbrabant, L., Savalei, V., Merkle, E., Hallquist, M., Rhemtulla, M., Katsikatsou, M., & Barendse, M. (2017). Package ‘lavaan’
Metagegevens
Titel
Exposure to Social Media Racial Discrimination and Mental Health among Adolescents of Color
Auteurs
Xiangyu Tao
Celia B. Fisher
Publicatiedatum
22-10-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-021-01514-z