Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This paper examined (1) the association between parents who are convicted of a substance-related offense and their children’s probability of being arrested as a young adult and (2) whether or not parental participation in an adult drug treatment court program mitigated this risk. The analysis relied on state administrative data from North Carolina courts (2005–2013) and from birth records (1988–2003). The dependent variable was the probability that a child was arrested as a young adult (16–21). Logistic regression was used to compare groups and models accounted for the clustering of multiple children with the same mother. Findings revealed that children whose parents were convicted on either a substance-related charge on a non-substance-related charge had twice the odds of being arrested as young adult, relative to children whose parents had not been observed having a conviction. While a quarter of children whose parents participated in a drug treatment court program were arrested as young adults, parental completion this program did not reduce this risk. In conclusion, children whose parents were convicted had an increased risk of being arrested as young adults, irrespective of whether or not the conviction was on a substance-related charge. However, drug treatment courts did not reduce this risk. Reducing intergenerational links in the probability of arrest remains a societal challenge.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Birckhead, T. R. (2008). North Carolina, Juvenile Court Jurisdiction, and the Resistance to Reform. North Carolina Law Review, 86, 1443–1500.
Bouffard, J., & Taxman, F. (2004). Looking inside the “black box” of drug court treatment services using direct observations. Journal of Drug Issues, 34, 195–218. CrossRef
Burns, A. R., Solis, J. M., Shadur, J. M., & Hussong, A. M. (2013). Comparing psychiatric symptoms among children of substance-abusing parents with different treatment histories. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 8, 258–271. CrossRef
Cohen, M. A. (1998). The monetary value of saving a high-risk youth. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 14, 5–33. CrossRef
Cohen, M. A., Piquero, A. R., & Jennings, W. G. (2010). Studying the costs of crime across offender trajectories. Criminology & Public Policy, 9, 279–305. CrossRef
Dallaire, D. H., & Wilson, L. C. (2010). The relation of exposure to parental criminal activity, arrest, and sentencing to children’s maladjustment. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19, 404–418. CrossRef
D’Onofrio, B. M., Singh, A. L., Iliadou, A., Lambe, M., Hultman, C. M., Grann, M., et al. (2010). Familial confounding of the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring criminality: A population-based study in Sweden. Archives of General Psychiatry, 67, 529–538. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Ewald, A. C. (2012). Collateral consequences in the American States. Social Science Quarterly, 93, 211–247. CrossRef
Fan, Z. (2004). Matching character variables by sound: A closer look at SOUNDEX function and sounds-like operator (=*). SAS ® Users Group Institute, Paper 072-029.
Fulton Hora, H. P. (2002). A dozen years of drug treatment courts: Uncovering our theoretical foundation and the construction of a mainstream paradigm. Substance Use and Misuse, 37, 1469–1488. CrossRef
Gabel, S., & Shindledecker, R. (1993). Parental substance abuse and its relationship to severe aggression and antisocial behavior in youth. The American Journal on Addictions, 2, 48–58. CrossRef
Gifford, E. J., Eldred, L. M., Sloan, F. A., & Evans, K. E. (2016). Parental criminal justice involvement and children’s involvement with child protective services: Do adult drug treatment courts prevent child maltreatment? Substance Use & Misuse, 51, 179–192.
Grekin, E. R., Brennan, P. A., & Hammen, C. (2005). Paternal alcohol use disorders and child delinquency: The mediating effects of executive functioning and chronic family stress. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 65, 14–22. CrossRef
Hjalmarsson, R., & Lindquist, M. J. (2012). Like godfather, like son: Exploring the intergenerational nature of crime. Journal of Human Resources, 47, 550–582. CrossRef
Innovation Research Training Inc. (2005a). Adult Drug Treatment Court Process Evaluation Report: Mecklenburg County Court Districts A and B STEP Program. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.nccourts.org/Citizens/CPrograms/DTC/documents/meck_district1_2_final.pdf.
Innovation Research Training Inc. (2005b). Durham County Adult Drug Treatment Court process evaluation report. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.nccourts.org/Citizens/CPrograms/DTC/documents/durham_adultdtc_eval_final.pdf.
Innovation Research Training Inc. (2005c). Forsyth County Adult Drug Treatment Court Process Evaluation Report. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.nccourts.org/Citizens/CPrograms/DTC/documents/forsyth_adultdtc_eval_final.pdf.
Innovation Research Training Inc. (2005d). Guilford County Adult Drug Treatment Court Process Evaluation Report. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.nccourts.org/Citizens/CPrograms/DTC/documents/guilford_adtc_eval_final.pdf.
Innovation Research Training Inc. (2005e). Mecklenburg County Superior Drug Treatment Court Process Evaluation Report. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.nccourts.org/Citizens/CPrograms/DTC/documents/meck_superior_dtc_eval_final.pdf.
Innovation Research Training Inc. (2005f). New Hanover Adult Drug Treatment Court Process Evaluation Report. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.nccourts.org/Citizens/CPrograms/DTC/documents/newhanovereval_final.pdf.
Innovation Research Training Inc. (2005 g). Person/Caswell Adult Drug Treatment Court Process Evaluation Report. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.nccourts.org/Citizens/CPrograms/DTC/documents/personcaswell_eval_final.pdf.
Innovation Research Training Inc. (2005 h). Wake County Adult Drug Treatment Court Process Evaluation Report. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.nccourts.org/Citizens/CPrograms/DTC/documents/wake_dtc_eval_final.pdf.
Junger, M., Greene, J., Schipper, R., Hesper, F., & Estourgie, V. (2013). Parental criminality, family violence and intergenerational transmission of crime within a birth cohort. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 19, 117–133. CrossRef
Leuven, E. (2003). PSTEST: Covariate imbalance testing and graphing. Retrieved from http://fmwww.bc.edu/repec/bocode/p/pstest.html.
Leuven, E., & Sianesi, B. (2003). PSMATCH2: Stata module to perform full Mahalanobis and propensity score matching, common support graphing, and covariate imbalance testing. Retrieved from http://ideas.repec.org/c/boc/bocode/s432001.html.
Magaletta, P. R., Diamond, P. M., Weinman, B. M., Burnell, A., & Leukefeld, C. G. (2014). Preentry substance abuse services The heterogeneity of offender experiences. Crime & Delinquency, 60, 193–215. CrossRef
Malone, S. M., Iacono, W. G., & McGue, M. (2002). Drinks of the father: Father’s maximum number of drinks consumed predicts externalizing disorders, substance use, and substance use disorders in preadolescent and adolescent offspring. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 26, 1823–1832. PubMed
Mitchell, O., Wilson, D. B., Eggers, A., & MacKenzie, D. L. (2012). Assessing the effectiveness of drug courts on recidivism: A meta-analytic review of traditional and non-traditional drug courts. Journal of Criminal Justice, 40, 60–71. CrossRef
Nagin, D. S., Pogarsky, G., & Farrington, D. P. (1997). Adolescent mothers and the criminal behavior of their children. Law & Society Review, 31, 137–162. CrossRef
Obot, I. S., & Anthony, J. C. (2004). Mental health problems in adolescent children of alcohol dependent parents: Epidemiologic research with a nationally representative sample. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 13, 83–96. CrossRef
Phillips, S. D., Burns, B. J., Wagner, H. R., Kramer, T. L., & Robbins, J. M. (2002). Parental incarceration among adolescents recieving mental health services. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 11, 385–399. CrossRef
Pogarsky, G., Lizotte, A. J., & Thornberry, T. P. (2003). The delinquency of children born to young mothers: Results from the Rochester Youth Development Study*. Criminology, 41, 1249–1286. CrossRef
Rosenbaum, P. R., & Rubin, D. B. (1985). Constructing a control group using multivariate matched sampling methods that incorporate the propensity score. The American Statistician, 39, 33–38.
Rowe, D. C., & Farrington, D. P. (1997). The familial transmission of criminal convictions. Criminology, 35, 177–202. CrossRef
StataCorp. (2013). Stata 13 base reference manual. College Station, TX: Stata Press.
Sum, A., Khatiwada, I., McLaughlin, J., & Palma, S. (2009). The consequences of dropping out of high school: Joblessness and jailing for high school dropouts and the high cost for taxpayers (p. 15). Boston: Center for Labor Market Studies, Northeastern University.
Tibbetts, S. G., & Piquero, A. R. (1999). The influence of gender, low birth weight, and disadvantaged environment in predicting early onset of offending: A test of Moffitt’s interactional hypothesis. Criminology, 37, 843–878. CrossRef
van de Rakt, M., Ruiter, S., De Graaf, N. D., & Nieuwbeerta, P. (2010). When does the apple fall from the tree? Static versus dynamic theories predicting intergenerational transmission of convictions. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 26, 371–389. CrossRef
van de Weijer, S. G. A., Bijleveld, C. C. J. H., & Blokland, A. A. J. (2014). The intergenerational transmission of violent offending. Journal of Family Violence, 29, 109–118. CrossRef
Wittouck, C., Dekkers, A., De Ruyver, B., Vanderplasschen, W., & Vander Laenen, F. (2013). The impact of drug treatment courts on recovery: A systematic review. The Scientific World Journal, 2013, 1–12. CrossRef
- Criminally Involved Parents Who Misuse Substances and Children’s Odds of Being Arrested as a Young Adult: Do Drug Treatment Courts Mitigate the Risk?
Elizabeth J. Gifford
Lindsey M. Eldred
Kelly E. Evans
Frank A. Sloan
- Springer US