Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 8/2016

08-04-2016 | Original Paper

Economic Pressure, Individual and Family Processes, and Children’s Reticence in Romanian Families

Auteurs: Susanne Olsen Roper, Jennifer George, Larry J. Nelson, Jeremy B. Yorgason, Franklin O. Poulsen

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 8/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Using Conger’s family stress model as a theoretical framework, a series of mediated associations among economic hardship, perceived economic pressure, parental depression, marital conflict, psychologically controlling parenting, and children’s reticent behaviors in Romanian families were studied. The sample consisted of 121 Romanian mothers and fathers of 4–5-year-old children. Children’s kindergarten teachers living in urban and rural locations evaluated child reticence. Findings generally support the family stress model. Structural equation modeling showed that after controlling for living in a rural location, economic pressure was indirectly linked with marital conflict through depression. Depression was indirectly related to psychological control through marital conflict, and marital conflict was indirectly linked to child reticence through psychological control. Directions for future research and recommendations for interventions and public policy are described.
Literatuur
go back to reference Barber, B. K. (2002). Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents. Washington, DC: APA. CrossRef Barber, B. K. (2002). Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents. Washington, DC: APA. CrossRef
go back to reference Barber, B. K., & Harmon, E. L. (2002). Violating the self: Parental psychological control of children and adolescents. In B. K. Barber (Ed.), Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 15–52). Washington, DC: APA. CrossRef Barber, B. K., & Harmon, E. L. (2002). Violating the self: Parental psychological control of children and adolescents. In B. K. Barber (Ed.), Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 15–52). Washington, DC: APA. CrossRef
go back to reference Conger, R. D., Elder, G. H., Lorenz, F. O., Conger, K. J., Simons, R. L., Whitbeck, L. B., et al. (1990). Linking economic hardship to marital quality and instability. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 52, 643–656. CrossRef Conger, R. D., Elder, G. H., Lorenz, F. O., Conger, K. J., Simons, R. L., Whitbeck, L. B., et al. (1990). Linking economic hardship to marital quality and instability. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 52, 643–656. CrossRef
go back to reference Coplan, R. J., & Rubin, K. H. (1998). Exploring and assessing nonsocial play in the preschool: The development and validation of the Preschool Play Behavior Scale. Social Development, 7, 72–91. doi: 10.​1111/​1467-9507.​00052. CrossRef Coplan, R. J., & Rubin, K. H. (1998). Exploring and assessing nonsocial play in the preschool: The development and validation of the Preschool Play Behavior Scale. Social Development, 7, 72–91. doi: 10.​1111/​1467-9507.​00052. CrossRef
go back to reference Coplan, R. J., & Rubin, K. H. (2010). Social withdrawal and shyness in childhood: History, theories, definitions, and assessments. In R. J. Coplan & K. H. Rubin (Eds.), The development of shyness and social withdrawal (pp. 3–22). New York: Guilford Press. Coplan, R. J., & Rubin, K. H. (2010). Social withdrawal and shyness in childhood: History, theories, definitions, and assessments. In R. J. Coplan & K. H. Rubin (Eds.), The development of shyness and social withdrawal (pp. 3–22). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Coplan, R. J., Rubin, K. H., Fox, N. A., Calkins, S. D., & Stewart, S. L. (1994). Being alone, playing alone, and acting alone: Distinguishing among reticence and passive and active solitude in young children. Child Development, 65, 129–137. doi: 10.​2307/​1131370. CrossRefPubMed Coplan, R. J., Rubin, K. H., Fox, N. A., Calkins, S. D., & Stewart, S. L. (1994). Being alone, playing alone, and acting alone: Distinguishing among reticence and passive and active solitude in young children. Child Development, 65, 129–137. doi: 10.​2307/​1131370. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Doyle, A. B., & Markiewicz, D. (2005). Parenting, marital conflict and adjustment from early-to mid-adolescence: Mediated by adolescent attachment style? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(2), 97–110. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-005-3209-7. CrossRef Doyle, A. B., & Markiewicz, D. (2005). Parenting, marital conflict and adjustment from early-to mid-adolescence: Mediated by adolescent attachment style? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(2), 97–110. doi: 10.​1007/​s10964-005-3209-7. CrossRef
go back to reference Enders, C. K. (2010). Applied missing data analysis. New York: Guilford. Enders, C. K. (2010). Applied missing data analysis. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Hane, A. H., Cheah, C., Rubin, K. H., & Fox, N. A. (2008). The role of maternal behavior in the relation between shyness and social reticence in early childhood and social withdrawal in middle childhood. Social Development, 17, 795–811. CrossRef Hane, A. H., Cheah, C., Rubin, K. H., & Fox, N. A. (2008). The role of maternal behavior in the relation between shyness and social reticence in early childhood and social withdrawal in middle childhood. Social Development, 17, 795–811. CrossRef
go back to reference Harkness, S., & Super, C. M. (2002). Culture and parenting. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting, Vol. 2: Biology and ecology of parenting (2nd ed., pp. 253–280). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Harkness, S., & Super, C. M. (2002). Culture and parenting. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting, Vol. 2: Biology and ecology of parenting (2nd ed., pp. 253–280). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Hart, C. H., DeWolf, M. D., & Burts, D. C. (1993). Parental discipline strategies and preschoolers’ play behavior in playground settings. In C. H. Hart (Ed.), Children on playgrounds: Research perspectives and applications (pp. 271–313). Albany: State University of New York Press. Hart, C. H., DeWolf, M. D., & Burts, D. C. (1993). Parental discipline strategies and preschoolers’ play behavior in playground settings. In C. H. Hart (Ed.), Children on playgrounds: Research perspectives and applications (pp. 271–313). Albany: State University of New York Press.
go back to reference Hart, C. H., Yang, C., Nelson, L. J., Robinson, C. C., Olsen, J. A., Nelson, D. A., et al. (2000). Peer acceptance in early childhood and subtypes of socially withdrawn behavior in China, Russia, and the United States. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24, 73–81. doi: 10.​1080/​016502500383494. CrossRef Hart, C. H., Yang, C., Nelson, L. J., Robinson, C. C., Olsen, J. A., Nelson, D. A., et al. (2000). Peer acceptance in early childhood and subtypes of socially withdrawn behavior in China, Russia, and the United States. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24, 73–81. doi: 10.​1080/​016502500383494. CrossRef
go back to reference Herman, E. (2012a). Rural employment in the context of Romanian regional development. Annals of the Constantin Brancusi University of Targu Jiu, Economy Series, 3, 131–140. Herman, E. (2012a). Rural employment in the context of Romanian regional development. Annals of the Constantin Brancusi University of Targu Jiu, Economy Series, 3, 131–140.
go back to reference International Monetary Fund. (2012). Romania: Fifth review under the stand- by arrangement- staff report. IMF Country Report No. 12/157. International Monetary Fund. (2012). Romania: Fifth review under the stand- by arrangement- staff report. IMF Country Report No. 12/157.
go back to reference Keller, H. (2012). Cross-cultural psychology: Taking people, contexts, and situations seriously. In J. Valsiner (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of culture and psychology (pp. 116–131). NY: Oxford. Keller, H. (2012). Cross-cultural psychology: Taking people, contexts, and situations seriously. In J. Valsiner (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of culture and psychology (pp. 116–131). NY: Oxford.
go back to reference Kline, R. B. (2010). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford. Kline, R. B. (2010). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Lansford, J. E. (2012). Cross-cultural and cross-national parenting perspectives. In V. Malhomes & R. B. King (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of poverty and child development (pp. 656–677). NY: Oxford. Lansford, J. E. (2012). Cross-cultural and cross-national parenting perspectives. In V. Malhomes & R. B. King (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of poverty and child development (pp. 656–677). NY: Oxford.
go back to reference Laurin, J. C., Joussemet, M., Tremblay, R. E., & Boivin, M. (2015). Early forms of controlling parenting and the development of childhood anxiety. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(11), 3279–3292. CrossRef Laurin, J. C., Joussemet, M., Tremblay, R. E., & Boivin, M. (2015). Early forms of controlling parenting and the development of childhood anxiety. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(11), 3279–3292. CrossRef
go back to reference Leinonen, J. A., Solantaus, T. S., & Punamaki, R. (2002). The specific mediating paths between economic hardship and the quality of parenting. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26, 423–435. doi: 10.​1080/​0165025014300036​4. CrossRef Leinonen, J. A., Solantaus, T. S., & Punamaki, R. (2002). The specific mediating paths between economic hardship and the quality of parenting. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26, 423–435. doi: 10.​1080/​0165025014300036​4. CrossRef
go back to reference Mihai, A., & Butiu, O. (2012). The family in Romania: Cultural and economic context and implications for treatment. International Review of Psychiatry, 24, 139–143. CrossRefPubMed Mihai, A., & Butiu, O. (2012). The family in Romania: Cultural and economic context and implications for treatment. International Review of Psychiatry, 24, 139–143. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mills, R. S. L., & Rubin, K. H. (1998). Are behavioral control and psychological control both differentially associated with childhood aggression and social withdrawal? Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 30, 132–136. doi: 10.​1037/​h0085803. CrossRef Mills, R. S. L., & Rubin, K. H. (1998). Are behavioral control and psychological control both differentially associated with childhood aggression and social withdrawal? Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 30, 132–136. doi: 10.​1037/​h0085803. CrossRef
go back to reference Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2010). Mplus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén. Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2010). Mplus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
go back to reference Olsen, S. F., Yang, C. M., Hart, C. H., Robinson, C. C., Wu, P., Nelson, D. A., et al. (2002). Maternal psychological control and preschool children’s behavioral outcomes in China, Russia, and the United States. In B. K. Barber (Ed.), Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 235–262). Washington, DC: APA. doi: 10.​1037/​10422-008. CrossRef Olsen, S. F., Yang, C. M., Hart, C. H., Robinson, C. C., Wu, P., Nelson, D. A., et al. (2002). Maternal psychological control and preschool children’s behavioral outcomes in China, Russia, and the United States. In B. K. Barber (Ed.), Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 235–262). Washington, DC: APA. doi: 10.​1037/​10422-008. CrossRef
go back to reference Parke, R. D., Coltrane, S., Duffy, S., Buriel, R., Dennis, J., Powers, J., et al. (2004). Economic stress, parenting, and child adjustment in Mexican American and European American families. Child Development, 75, 1632–1656. CrossRefPubMed Parke, R. D., Coltrane, S., Duffy, S., Buriel, R., Dennis, J., Powers, J., et al. (2004). Economic stress, parenting, and child adjustment in Mexican American and European American families. Child Development, 75, 1632–1656. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Robila, M. (2002). The impact of financial strain on adolescents’ psychological functioning in Romania: The role of family processes. (Doctoral dissertation, Syracuse University, 2002). Dissertation Abstracts International, 63, 3376-A. Robila, M. (2002). The impact of financial strain on adolescents’ psychological functioning in Romania: The role of family processes. (Doctoral dissertation, Syracuse University, 2002). Dissertation Abstracts International, 63, 3376-A.
go back to reference Robila, M. (2004). Child development and family functioning within the Romanian context. In M. Robila (Ed.), Families in Eastern Europe (pp. 141–154). London: Elsevier. CrossRef Robila, M. (2004). Child development and family functioning within the Romanian context. In M. Robila (Ed.), Families in Eastern Europe (pp. 141–154). London: Elsevier. CrossRef
go back to reference Robila, M., & Krishnakumar, A. (2006). The impact of maternal depression and parenting behaviors on adolescents’ psychological functioning in Romania. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15, 71–82. doi: 10.​1007/​s10826-005-9009-6. Robila, M., & Krishnakumar, A. (2006). The impact of maternal depression and parenting behaviors on adolescents’ psychological functioning in Romania. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15, 71–82. doi: 10.​1007/​s10826-005-9009-6.
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W., & Parker, J. G. (1998). Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (pp. 619–700). New York: Wiley. Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W., & Parker, J. G. (1998). Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (pp. 619–700). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Burgess, K. B., & Coplan, R. J. (2002a). Social withdrawal and shyness. In P. K. Smith & C. H. Hart (Eds.), Handbook of childhood social development (pp. 329–352). Oxford: Blackwell. Rubin, K. H., Burgess, K. B., & Coplan, R. J. (2002a). Social withdrawal and shyness. In P. K. Smith & C. H. Hart (Eds.), Handbook of childhood social development (pp. 329–352). Oxford: Blackwell.
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Burgess, K. B., Kennedy, A. E., & Stewart, S. L. (2003). Social withdrawal in childhood. In E. J. Mash & R. A. Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 372–406). New York: Guilford. Rubin, K. H., Burgess, K. B., Kennedy, A. E., & Stewart, S. L. (2003). Social withdrawal in childhood. In E. J. Mash & R. A. Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 372–406). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Coplan, R. J., Fox, N. A., & Calkins, S. D. (1995). Emotionality, emotion regulation, and preschoolers’ social adaptation. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 49–62. CrossRef Rubin, K. H., Coplan, R. J., Fox, N. A., & Calkins, S. D. (1995). Emotionality, emotion regulation, and preschoolers’ social adaptation. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 49–62. CrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Nelson, L. J., Hastings, P., & Asendorpf, J. (1999). The transaction between parents’ perceptions of their children’s shyness and their parenting styles. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 23, 937–957. CrossRef Rubin, K. H., Nelson, L. J., Hastings, P., & Asendorpf, J. (1999). The transaction between parents’ perceptions of their children’s shyness and their parenting styles. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 23, 937–957. CrossRef
go back to reference Stevenson-Hinde, J. (1998). Parenting in different cultures: Time to focus. Developmental Psychology, 34, 698–700. CrossRefPubMed Stevenson-Hinde, J. (1998). Parenting in different cultures: Time to focus. Developmental Psychology, 34, 698–700. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Stone, G., Buehler, C., & Barber, B. K. (2002). Interparental conflict, parental psychological control, and youth problem behavior. In B. K. Barber (Ed.), Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 53–953). Washington, DC: APA. CrossRef Stone, G., Buehler, C., & Barber, B. K. (2002). Interparental conflict, parental psychological control, and youth problem behavior. In B. K. Barber (Ed.), Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents (pp. 53–953). Washington, DC: APA. CrossRef
go back to reference Walper, S., & Silbereisen, R. K. (1994). Economic hardship in Polish and German families: Some consequences for adolescents. In R. K. Silbereisen & E. Tdot (Eds.), Adolescence in context: The interplay of family, school, peers, and work in adjustment (pp. 125–148). New York: Springer. Walper, S., & Silbereisen, R. K. (1994). Economic hardship in Polish and German families: Some consequences for adolescents. In R. K. Silbereisen & E. Tdot (Eds.), Adolescence in context: The interplay of family, school, peers, and work in adjustment (pp. 125–148). New York: Springer.
Metagegevens
Titel
Economic Pressure, Individual and Family Processes, and Children’s Reticence in Romanian Families
Auteurs
Susanne Olsen Roper
Jennifer George
Larry J. Nelson
Jeremy B. Yorgason
Franklin O. Poulsen
Publicatiedatum
08-04-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 8/2016
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0412-y