Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Weina Ma and Liyang Sai contributed equally to this work.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
The present study examined the role of executive function in lying for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The temptation resistance paradigm was used to elicit children’s self-protective lies and the Hide-and-seek task was used to elicit children’s self-benefiting lies. Results showed that children with ASD told fewer lies in the two deception tasks compared to children with intellectual disability (ID) and typically developing (TD) children. Furthermore, children with ASD’s lying were positively correlated with their working memory, but not with their theory of mind. These findings demonstrate that the mechanisms underlying deception for children with ASD are distinct from that of TD children.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 4th text revision edn. (pp. 553–557). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). The Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition: DSM 5. American Psychiatric Association.
Baron-Cohen, S. (1992). Out of sight or out of mind? Another look at deception in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 33(7), 1141–1155. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1992.tb00934.x. CrossRefPubMed
Bender, J., O’Connor, A. M., & Evans, A. D. (2018). Mirror, mirror on the wall: Increasing young children’s honesty through inducing self-awareness. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 167, 414–422. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JECP.2017.12.001. CrossRefPubMed
Bowler, D. M. (1992). “Theory of mind” in Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 33(5), 877–893. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1992.tb01962.x. CrossRefPubMed
Carlson, S. M., Moses, L. J., & Hix, H. R. (1998). The role of inhibitory processes in young children’s difficulties with deception and false belief. Child Development, 69(3), 672–691. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1998.tb06236.x. CrossRefPubMed
Diamond, A. (2006). The early development of executive functions. In E. Bialystok & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), Lifespan cognition: Mechanisms of change (pp. 70–95). New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Frith, U. (1989). Autism: Explaining the Enigma. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Gallagher, H. L., & Frith, C. D. (2003). Functional imaging of “theory of mind”. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7(2), 77–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1364-6613(02)00025-6. CrossRefPubMed
Happé, F. G. (1994). An advanced test of theory of mind: understanding of story characters’ thoughts and feelings by able autistic, mentally handicapped, and normal children and adults. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24(2), 129–154. CrossRef
Hill, E. L. (2004). Executive dysfunction in autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8(1), 26–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2003.11.003. CrossRefPubMed
Li, D., Hu, K. D., Chen, G. P., Jin, Y., & Li, M. (1988). A trial measuring report of Combined Raven’s test in Shanghai. Journal of Psychologial Science, 4, 27–31. (in Chinese).
Russell, J., Mauthner, N., Sharpe, S., & Tidswell, T. (1991). The “windows task” as a measure of strategic deception in preschoolers and autistic subjects. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9(2), 331–349. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-835X.1991.tb00881.x. CrossRef
Sang, B., & Liao, X. (1990). The revision of trial norm of Peabody picture vocabulary test revised (PPVT-R). Journal of Psychological Science, 5, 20–25. (in Chinese).
Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., Devellis, R. F., & Daly, K. (1980). Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood autism rating scale (CARS). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 10(1), 91–103. CrossRef
Sodian, B., & Frith, U. (1992). Deception and sabotage in autistic, retarded and normal children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 33(3), 591–605. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1992.tb00893.x. CrossRefPubMed
Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2008). Social and cognitive correlates of children’s lying behavior. Child Development, 79(4), 866–881. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01164.x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Talwar, V., Zwaigenbaum, L., Goulden, K. J., Manji, S., Loomes, C., & Rasmussen, C. (2012). Lie-telling behavior in children with autism and its relation to false-belief understanding. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 27(2), 122–129. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088357612441828. CrossRef
Wellman, H. M., & Liu, D. (2004). Scaling of theory-of-mind tasks. Child Development, 75(2), 523–541. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2004.00691.x. CrossRef
Yi, L., Fan, Y., Li, J., Huang, D., Wang, X., Tan, W., et al. (2014). Distrust and retaliatory deception in children with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(12), 1741–1755. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2014.09.006. CrossRef
Zelazo, P. D., & Müller, U. (2002). Executive function in typical and atypical development. In U. Goswami (Ed.), Handbook of childhood cognitive development (pp. 445–469). Oxford: Blackwell. CrossRef
- Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder’s Lying is Correlated with Their Working Memory But Not Theory of Mind
Xiao Pan Ding
- Springer US