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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 8/2019

18-05-2019 | Original Paper

Theory of Mind (ToM) Performance in High Functioning Autism (HFA) and Schizotypal–Schizoid Personality Disorders (SSPD) Patients

Auteurs: Tereza-Maria Booules-Katri, Carla Pedreño, Jose-Blás Navarro, Montserrat Pamias, Jordi E. Obiols

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 8/2019

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Abstract

The similarities between high functioning autism (HFA) and schizotypal–schizoid personality disorder (SSPD) in terms of social cognition and interpersonal deficits may lead to confusion in symptom interpretation, and consequently result in misdiagnosis. Thus, this study aims to investigate differences in mentalizing with particular interest on the socio-cognitive and socio-affective dimensions. Three Advanced Theory of Mind (ToM) tests were applied in 35 patients with HFA, 30 patients with SSPD and 36 healthy controls. Individuals with HFA showed greater impairment and no dissociation between affective and cognitive ToM components. Conversely, SSPD individuals displayed less difficulties but greater impairments on the cognitive component. Beyond the replicability of ToM impairment in HFA individuals, our findings suggest more impaired cognitive ToM in SSPD participants which further support the sequence of mentalizing development build upon different chronological stages.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Theory of Mind (ToM) Performance in High Functioning Autism (HFA) and Schizotypal–Schizoid Personality Disorders (SSPD) Patients
Auteurs
Tereza-Maria Booules-Katri
Carla Pedreño
Jose-Blás Navarro
Montserrat Pamias
Jordi E. Obiols
Publicatiedatum
18-05-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 8/2019
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04058-1