Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Although a goal of many aggression intervention programs is to increase children’s concern (often termed sympathy or empathy) for their peers as a means of ultimately reducing aggressive behavior, there are no measures specifically of children’s concern for peers who are the targets of peer aggression. A participatory action research (PAR) model was used to create a culturally-sensitive measure of urban African American children’s sympathy for peers who are the targets of physical aggression, relational or social aggression, verbal aggression, and property damage. In Study 1, 40 children (M age = 9.71 years; 47.5 % female) were interviewed about the types of incidents that lead them to feel sympathy for a peer. Based upon these findings, the 15-item Peer Sympathy Scale (PSS) was developed. In Study 2, the PSS was administered to 517 children (M age = 9.82 years; 47.4 % female) to examine the psychometric properties of the measure and to explore the association between children’s sympathy for their peers and their social behavior. Greater sympathy was associated with less overt and relational aggression according to both peer and teacher reports as well as with less oppositional-defiant behavior according to teacher reports. The clinical utility of the PSS as an outcome assessment tool for social skills intervention programs is discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Asher, S. R., MacEvoy, J. P., & McDonald, K. L. (2008). Children’s peer relations, social competence and school adjustment: A social tasks and social goals perspective. In M. L. Maehr, S. Karabenick, & T. Urdan (Eds.), Advances in motivation and achievement (Vol. 15, pp. 357–390). Amsterdam: Emerald Press.
Barnett, M. A. (1987). Empathy and related responses in children. In N. Eisenberg & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 146–162). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Card, N. A., Stucky, B. D., Sawalani, G. M., & Little, T. D. (2008). Direct and indirect aggression during childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic review of gender differences, intercorrelations, and relations to maladjustment. Child Development, 79, 1185–1229. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01184.x. PubMedCrossRef
Eisenberg, N., & Strayer, J. (Eds.). (1987). Empathy and its development. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R. A., Shepard, S. A., Murphy, B. C., Jones, S., & Guthrie, I. K. (1998). Contemporaneous and longitudinal prediction of children’s sympathy from dispositional regulation and emotionality. Developmental Psychology, 34, 910–924. doi: 10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1680. PubMedCrossRef
Eisenberg, N., Spinrad, T. L., & Sadovsky, A. (2006). Empathy-related responding in children. In M. Killen & J. G. Smetana (Eds.), Handbook of moral development (pp. 517–549). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Farrell, A. D., Sullivan, T. N., Kliewer, W., Allison, K. W., Erwin, E. H., Meyer, A. L., & Esposito, L. (2006). Peer and school problems in the lives of urban adolescents: Frequency, difficulty, and relation to adjustment. Journal of School Psychology, 44, 169–190. doi: 10.1016/j.jsp.2006.02.001. CrossRef
Hoffman, M. L., & Levine, L. E. (1976). Early sex differences in empathy. Developmental Psychology, 12, 557–558. CrossRef
Hubbard, J. A., & Dearing, K. F. (2004). Children’s understanding and regulation of emotion in the context of their peer relations. In J. B. Kupersmidt & K. A. Dodge (Eds.), Children’s peer relations: From development to intervention (pp. 81–99). Washington: American Psychological Association. doi: 10.1037/10653-005. CrossRef
Kaukiainen, A., Björkqvist, K., Lagerspetz, K., Österman, K., Salmivalli, C., Rothberg, S., & Ahlbom, A. (1999). The relationships between social intelligence, empathy, and three types of aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 25, 81–89. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2337(1999) 25:2<81::AID-AB1>3.0.CO;2-M. CrossRef
Lansford, J. E., Malone, P. S., Dodge, K. A., Crozier, J. C., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (2006). A 12-year prospective study of patterns of social information processing problems and externalizing behaviors. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 715–724. doi: 10.1007/s10802-006-9057-4. PubMedCrossRef
Leff, S. S., Gullan, R. L., Paskewich, B. S., Abdul-Kabir, S., Jawad, A. F., Grossman, M., Munro, M. A., & Power, T. J. (2009). An initial evaluation of a culturally-adapted social problem-solving and relational aggression prevention program for urban African-American relationally aggressive girls. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, 37, 260–274. doi: 10.1080/10852350903196274. CrossRef
Leff, S. S., Waasdorp, T. E., Paskewich, B., Gullan, R. L., Jawad, A. F., MacEvoy, J. P., Feinberg, B. E., & Power, T. J. (2010b). The Preventing Relational Aggression in Schools Everyday (PRAISE) program: A preliminary evaluation of acceptability and impact. School Psychology Review, 39, 569–587. PubMed
Leff, S. S., Lefler, E. K., Khera, G. S., Paskewich, B., & Jawad, A. F. (2011). Preliminary examination of a cartoon-based hostile attribution bias measure for urban African American boys . American Journal of Community Psychology. doi: 10.1007/s10464-011-9461-y.
Liew, J., Eisenberg, N., Losoya, S. H., Fabes, R. A., Guthrie, I. K., & Murphy, B. C. (2003). Children’s physiological indices of empathy and their socioemotional adjustment: Does caregivers’ expressivity matter? Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 584–597. doi: 10.1037/0893-322.214.171.1244. PubMedCrossRef
Loney, J., & Milich, R. (1982). Hyperactivity, inattention, and aggression in clinical practice. In M. Wolraich & D. Routh (Eds.), Advances in developmental and behavioral pediatrics (Vol. 3, pp. 113–147). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Magnus, K. B., Cowen, E. L., Wyman, P. A., Fagen, D. B., & Work, W. C. (1999). Correlates of resilient outcomes among highly stressed African-American and White urban children. Journal of Community Psychology, 27, 473–488. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6629(199907)27:4<473::AID-JCOP8>3.0.CO;2-8. CrossRef
Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
- Children’s Sympathy for Peers Who Are the Targets of Peer Aggression
Julie Paquette MacEvoy
Stephen S. Leff
- Springer US