Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
We investigated the relationship of discrepancies between VIQ and NVIQ (IQ split) to autism symptoms and adaptive behavior in a sample of high-functioning (mean FSIQ = 98.5) school-age children with autism spectrum disorders divided into three groups: discrepantly high VIQ (n = 18); discrepantly high NVIQ (n = 24); and equivalent VIQ and NVIQ (n = 36). Discrepantly high VIQ and NVIQ were associated with autism social symptoms but not communication symptoms or repetitive behaviors. Higher VIQ and NVIQ were associated with better adaptive communication but not socialization or Daily Living Skills. IQ discrepancy may be an important phenotypic marker in autism. Although better verbal abilities are associated with better functional outcomes in autism, discrepantly high VIQ in high-functioning children may also be associated with social difficulties.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Deutsch, D. K., & Joseph, R. M. (2003). Brief Report: Cognitive correlates of enlarged head circumference in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,3, 209–214. CrossRef
Fein, D., Pennington, B., Markowitz, P., Braverman, M., & Waterhouse, L. (1986). Toward a neuropsychological model of infantile autism: Are the social deficits primary? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,25, 198–212. CrossRef
Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four factor index of social status. New Haven: Yale University.
Joseph, R. M., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Lord, C. (2002). Cognitive profiles and social-communicative functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry,46, 807–821. CrossRef
Kenworthy, L., Black, D. O., Harrison, B., Della-Rosa, A., & Wallace, G. L. (in press). Are executive control functions related to autism symptoms in high-functioning children? Child Neuropsychology.
Klin, A., Saulnier, C. A., Sparrow, S. S., Cicchetti, D. V., Volkmar, F. R., & Lord, C. (2007). Social and communication abilities and disabilities in higher functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders: The Vineland and the ADOS. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,37, 748–759. PubMedCrossRef
Lainhart, J. E., Bigler, E. D., Bocian, M., Coon, H., Dinh, E., Dawson, G., et al. (2006). Head circumference and height in autism: A study by the Collaborative Program of Excellence in Autism. American Journal of Medical Genetics,140, 2257–2274. PubMed
Liss, M., Fein, D., Allen, D., Dunn, M., Feinstein, C., Morris, R., et al. (2001). Executive functioning in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines,42, 261–270. CrossRef
Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism diagnostic observation schedule-WPS edition. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Pennington, B. F. (2002). The development of psychopathology: Nature and nurture. New York: Guilford Press.
Riggs, N. R., Jahromi, L. B., Razza, R. P., Dillworth-Bart, J. E., & Mueller, U. (2006). Executive function and the promotion of social-emotional competence. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology,27, 300–309. CrossRef
Sparrow, S., Balla, D., & Cicchetti, D. (1984). Vineland adaptive behavior scales (Interview edition, survey form). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
Sparrow, S., Cicchetti, D., & Balla, D. (2005). Vineland adaptive behavior scales (2nd ed. Survey Interview Form). Minneapolis, MN: NCS Pearson, Inc.
Wechsler, D. (1991). Wechsler intelligence scale for children-third edition (WISC-III). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler Abbreviated Intelligence Scale (WASI). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler intelligence scale for children-fourth edition (WISC-IV). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
- Brief Report: IQ Split Predicts Social Symptoms and Communication Abilities in High-Functioning Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
David O. Black
Gregory L. Wallace
Jennifer L. Sokoloff
- Springer US