Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2012

01-09-2012 | Original Paper

Autonomic Arousal to Direct Gaze Correlates with Social Impairments Among Children with ASD

Auteurs: Miia Kaartinen, Kaija Puura, Tiina Mäkelä, Mervi Rannisto, Riina Lemponen, Mika Helminen, Raili Salmelin, Sari-Leena Himanen, Jari K. Hietanen

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2012

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study investigated whether autonomic arousal to direct gaze is related to social impairments among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Arousal was measured through skin conductance responses (SCR) while the participants (15 children with ASD and 16 control children) viewed a live face of another person. Impairments in social skills was assessed with the Developmental, Dimensional and Diagnostic Interview. The level of arousal enhancement to direct gaze in comparison to arousal to faces with averted gaze or closed eyes was positively associated with impairments in social skills (use of language and other social communication skills and use of gesture and non-verbal play) among children with ASD. There was no similar association among children without ASD. The role of arousal-related factors in influencing eye contact behaviour in ASD is discussed.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association (text revised). American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association (text revised).
go back to reference Andreassi, J. L. (2006). Psychophysiology: Human behavior and physiological response. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc. Andreassi, J. L. (2006). Psychophysiology: Human behavior and physiological response. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.
go back to reference Batki, A., Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Connellan, J., & Ahluwalia, J. (2000). Is there an innate gaze module? Evidence from human neonates. Infant Behavior and Development, 23(2), 223–229. CrossRef Batki, A., Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Connellan, J., & Ahluwalia, J. (2000). Is there an innate gaze module? Evidence from human neonates. Infant Behavior and Development, 23(2), 223–229. CrossRef
go back to reference Behrmann, M., Avidan, G., Leonard, G. L., Kimchi, R., Luna, B., Humphreys, K., et al. (2006). Configural processing in autism and its relationship to face processing. Neuropsychologia, 44(1), 110–129. PubMedCrossRef Behrmann, M., Avidan, G., Leonard, G. L., Kimchi, R., Luna, B., Humphreys, K., et al. (2006). Configural processing in autism and its relationship to face processing. Neuropsychologia, 44(1), 110–129. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bradley, M. M., & Lang, P. J. (1994). Measuring emotion: The self-assessment manikin and the semantic differential. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 25(1), 49–59. PubMedCrossRef Bradley, M. M., & Lang, P. J. (1994). Measuring emotion: The self-assessment manikin and the semantic differential. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 25(1), 49–59. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Charman, T., Jones, C. R., Pickles, A., Simonoff, E., Baird, G., & Happé, F. (2011). Defining the cognitive phenotype of autism. Brain Research, 22(1380), 10–21. CrossRef Charman, T., Jones, C. R., Pickles, A., Simonoff, E., Baird, G., & Happé, F. (2011). Defining the cognitive phenotype of autism. Brain Research, 22(1380), 10–21. CrossRef
go back to reference Cherulnik, P. D., Neely, W. T., Flanagan, M., & Zachau, M. (1978). Social skill and visual interaction. Journal of Social Psychology, 104(2), 263–270. CrossRef Cherulnik, P. D., Neely, W. T., Flanagan, M., & Zachau, M. (1978). Social skill and visual interaction. Journal of Social Psychology, 104(2), 263–270. CrossRef
go back to reference Corden, B., Chilvers, R., & Skuse, D. (2008). Avoidance of emotionally arousing stimuli predicts social-perceptual impairment in Asperger’s syndrome. Neuropsychologia, 46(1), 137–147. PubMedCrossRef Corden, B., Chilvers, R., & Skuse, D. (2008). Avoidance of emotionally arousing stimuli predicts social-perceptual impairment in Asperger’s syndrome. Neuropsychologia, 46(1), 137–147. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dalton, K. M., Nacewicz, B. M., Johnstone, T., Schaefer, H. S., Gernsbacher, M. A., Goldsmith, H. H., et al. (2005). Gaze fixation and the neural circuitry of face processing in autism. Nature Neuroscience, 8(4), 519–526. PubMed Dalton, K. M., Nacewicz, B. M., Johnstone, T., Schaefer, H. S., Gernsbacher, M. A., Goldsmith, H. H., et al. (2005). Gaze fixation and the neural circuitry of face processing in autism. Nature Neuroscience, 8(4), 519–526. PubMed
go back to reference Dawson, G., Webb, S. J., & McPartland, J. (2005). Understanding the nature of face processing impairment in autism: insights from behavioral and electrophysiological studies. Developmental Neuropsychology, 27(3), 403–424. PubMedCrossRef Dawson, G., Webb, S. J., & McPartland, J. (2005). Understanding the nature of face processing impairment in autism: insights from behavioral and electrophysiological studies. Developmental Neuropsychology, 27(3), 403–424. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Deruelle, C., Rondan, C., Gepner, B., & Tardif, C. (2004). Spatial frequency and face processing in children with autism and Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34(2), 199–210. PubMedCrossRef Deruelle, C., Rondan, C., Gepner, B., & Tardif, C. (2004). Spatial frequency and face processing in children with autism and Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34(2), 199–210. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Farroni, T., Menon, E., & Johnson, M. H. (2006). Factors influencing newborns’ preference for faces with eye contact. The Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 95(4), 298–308. CrossRef Farroni, T., Menon, E., & Johnson, M. H. (2006). Factors influencing newborns’ preference for faces with eye contact. The Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 95(4), 298–308. CrossRef
go back to reference George, N., & Conty, L. (2008). Facing the gaze of others. Clinical Neurophysiology, 38(3), 197–207. PubMedCrossRef George, N., & Conty, L. (2008). Facing the gaze of others. Clinical Neurophysiology, 38(3), 197–207. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hietanen, J. K., Leppänen, J. M., Peltola, M. J., Linna-Aho, K., & Ruuhiala, H. J. (2008). Seeing direct and averted gaze activates the approach-avoidance motivational brain systems. Neuropsychologia, 46(9), 2423–2430. PubMedCrossRef Hietanen, J. K., Leppänen, J. M., Peltola, M. J., Linna-Aho, K., & Ruuhiala, H. J. (2008). Seeing direct and averted gaze activates the approach-avoidance motivational brain systems. Neuropsychologia, 46(9), 2423–2430. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hutt, C., & Ounsted, C. (1966). The biological significance of gaze aversion with particular reference to the syndrome of infantile autism. Behavioral Science, 11(5), 346–356. PubMedCrossRef Hutt, C., & Ounsted, C. (1966). The biological significance of gaze aversion with particular reference to the syndrome of infantile autism. Behavioral Science, 11(5), 346–356. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Jones, W., Carr, K., & Klin, A. (2008). Absence of preferential looking to the eyes of approaching adults predicts level of social disability in 2-year-old toddlers with autism spectrum disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65(8), 946–954. PubMedCrossRef Jones, W., Carr, K., & Klin, A. (2008). Absence of preferential looking to the eyes of approaching adults predicts level of social disability in 2-year-old toddlers with autism spectrum disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65(8), 946–954. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Joseph, R. M., Ehrman, K., McNally, R., & Keehn, B. (2008). Affective response to eye contact and face recognition ability in children with ASD. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14(6), 947–955. PubMedCrossRef Joseph, R. M., Ehrman, K., McNally, R., & Keehn, B. (2008). Affective response to eye contact and face recognition ability in children with ASD. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14(6), 947–955. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Joseph, R. M., & Tanaka, J. (2003). Holistic and part-based face recognition in children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44(4), 529–542. PubMedCrossRef Joseph, R. M., & Tanaka, J. (2003). Holistic and part-based face recognition in children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44(4), 529–542. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Keller, H., & Zach, U. (1993). Developmental consequences of early eye contact behaviour. Acta Paedopsychiatrica, 56(1), 31–36. PubMed Keller, H., & Zach, U. (1993). Developmental consequences of early eye contact behaviour. Acta Paedopsychiatrica, 56(1), 31–36. PubMed
go back to reference Kleinke, C. L. (1986). Gaze and eye contact: A research review. Psychological Bulletin, 100(1), 78–100. PubMedCrossRef Kleinke, C. L. (1986). Gaze and eye contact: A research review. Psychological Bulletin, 100(1), 78–100. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., Volkmar, F., & Cohen, D. (2002). Visual fixation patterns during viewing of naturalistic social situations as predictors of social competence in individuals with autism. Archieves of general psychiatry, 59(9), 809–816. CrossRef Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., Volkmar, F., & Cohen, D. (2002). Visual fixation patterns during viewing of naturalistic social situations as predictors of social competence in individuals with autism. Archieves of general psychiatry, 59(9), 809–816. CrossRef
go back to reference Kylliäinen, A., & Hietanen, J. K. (2006). Skin conductance responses to another’s person’s gaze in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(4), 517–525. PubMedCrossRef Kylliäinen, A., & Hietanen, J. K. (2006). Skin conductance responses to another’s person’s gaze in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(4), 517–525. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Langley, R. (1979). Practical statistics simply explained. London: Pan Books. Langley, R. (1979). Practical statistics simply explained. London: Pan Books.
go back to reference Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223. PubMedCrossRef Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lykken, D. T., & Venables, P. H. (1971). Direct measurement of skin conductance: A proposal for standardization. Psychophysiology, 8(5), 656–672. PubMedCrossRef Lykken, D. T., & Venables, P. H. (1971). Direct measurement of skin conductance: A proposal for standardization. Psychophysiology, 8(5), 656–672. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Morton, J., & Johnson, M. H. (1991). CONSPEC and CONLERN: A two-process theory of infant face recognition. Psychological Review, 98(2), 164–181. PubMedCrossRef Morton, J., & Johnson, M. H. (1991). CONSPEC and CONLERN: A two-process theory of infant face recognition. Psychological Review, 98(2), 164–181. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mundy, P. (1995). Joint attention and social-emotional approach behavior in children with autism. Development and Psychopathology, 7(1), 63–82. CrossRef Mundy, P. (1995). Joint attention and social-emotional approach behavior in children with autism. Development and Psychopathology, 7(1), 63–82. CrossRef
go back to reference Mundy, P., Block, J., Delgado, C., Pomares, Y., Van Hecke, A. V., & Parlade, M. V. (2007). Individual differences and the development of joint attention in infancy. Child Development, 78(3), 938–954. PubMedCrossRef Mundy, P., Block, J., Delgado, C., Pomares, Y., Van Hecke, A. V., & Parlade, M. V. (2007). Individual differences and the development of joint attention in infancy. Child Development, 78(3), 938–954. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Nacewicz, B. M., Dalton, K. M., Johnstone, T., Long, M. T., McAuliff, E. M., Oakes, T. R., et al. (2006). Amygdala volume and nonverbal social impairment in adolescent and adult males with autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63(12), 1417–1428. PubMedCrossRef Nacewicz, B. M., Dalton, K. M., Johnstone, T., Long, M. T., McAuliff, E. M., Oakes, T. R., et al. (2006). Amygdala volume and nonverbal social impairment in adolescent and adult males with autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63(12), 1417–1428. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Nummenmaa, L., Passamonti, L., Rowe, J., Engell, A. D., & Calder, A. J. (2010). Connectivity analysis reveals a cortical network for eye gaze perception. Cerebral Cortex, 20(8), 1780–1787. PubMedCrossRef Nummenmaa, L., Passamonti, L., Rowe, J., Engell, A. D., & Calder, A. J. (2010). Connectivity analysis reveals a cortical network for eye gaze perception. Cerebral Cortex, 20(8), 1780–1787. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Osterling, J., & Dawson, G. (1994). Early first recognition of children with autism: a study of first birthday home videotapes. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24(3), 247–257. PubMedCrossRef Osterling, J., & Dawson, G. (1994). Early first recognition of children with autism: a study of first birthday home videotapes. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24(3), 247–257. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pönkänen, L. M., Alhoniemi, A., Leppänen, J. M., & Hietanen, J. K. (2011). Does it make a difference if I have an eye contact with you or with your picture? An ERP study. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6, 486–494. PubMedCrossRef Pönkänen, L. M., Alhoniemi, A., Leppänen, J. M., & Hietanen, J. K. (2011). Does it make a difference if I have an eye contact with you or with your picture? An ERP study. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6, 486–494. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pönkänen, L. M., Hietanen, J. K., Peltola, M. J., Kauppinen, P. K., Haapalainen, A., & Leppänen, J. M. (2008). Facing a real person: An ERP study. Neuroreport, 19(4), 497–501. PubMedCrossRef Pönkänen, L. M., Hietanen, J. K., Peltola, M. J., Kauppinen, P. K., Haapalainen, A., & Leppänen, J. M. (2008). Facing a real person: An ERP study. Neuroreport, 19(4), 497–501. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Robson, K. S., Pedersen, F. A., & Moss, H. A. (1969). Developmental observations of diadic gazing in relation to the fear of strangers and social approach behavior. Child Development, 40(2), 619–627. PubMedCrossRef Robson, K. S., Pedersen, F. A., & Moss, H. A. (1969). Developmental observations of diadic gazing in relation to the fear of strangers and social approach behavior. Child Development, 40(2), 619–627. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Senju, A., & Johnson, M. H. (2009). The eye contact effect: mechanisms and development. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13(3), 127–134. PubMedCrossRef Senju, A., & Johnson, M. H. (2009). The eye contact effect: mechanisms and development. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13(3), 127–134. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Spezio, M. L., Adolphs, R., Hurley, R. S., & Piven, J. (2007). Abnormal use of facial information in high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(5), 929–939. PubMedCrossRef Spezio, M. L., Adolphs, R., Hurley, R. S., & Piven, J. (2007). Abnormal use of facial information in high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(5), 929–939. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Skuse, D. (2003). Fear recognition and the neural basis of social cognition. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 8(2), 50–60. CrossRef Skuse, D. (2003). Fear recognition and the neural basis of social cognition. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 8(2), 50–60. CrossRef
go back to reference Skuse, D., Warrington, R., Bishop, D., Chowdhury, U., Lau, J., Mandy, W., et al. (2004). The developmental, dimensional and diagnostic interview (3di): A novel computerized assessment of autism spectrum disorders. The Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43(5), 548–558. CrossRef Skuse, D., Warrington, R., Bishop, D., Chowdhury, U., Lau, J., Mandy, W., et al. (2004). The developmental, dimensional and diagnostic interview (3di): A novel computerized assessment of autism spectrum disorders. The Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43(5), 548–558. CrossRef
go back to reference Stone, W. L., Ousley, O. Y., Yoder, P. J., Hogan, K. L., & Hepburn, S. L. (1997). Nonverbal communication in two- and three-year-old children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 27(6), 677–696. PubMedCrossRef Stone, W. L., Ousley, O. Y., Yoder, P. J., Hogan, K. L., & Hepburn, S. L. (1997). Nonverbal communication in two- and three-year-old children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 27(6), 677–696. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Strid, K., Tjus, T., Smith, L., Meltzoff, A. N., & Heimann, M. (2006). Infant recall memory and communication predicts later cognitive development. Infant Behavior and Development, 29(4), 545–553. PubMedCrossRef Strid, K., Tjus, T., Smith, L., Meltzoff, A. N., & Heimann, M. (2006). Infant recall memory and communication predicts later cognitive development. Infant Behavior and Development, 29(4), 545–553. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Vaughan Van Hecke, A., Mundy, P. C., Acra, C. F., Block, J. J., Delgado, C. E., Parlade, M. V., et al. (2007). Infant joint attention, temperament, and social competence in preschool children. Child Development, 78(1), 53–69. PubMedCrossRef Vaughan Van Hecke, A., Mundy, P. C., Acra, C. F., Block, J. J., Delgado, C. E., Parlade, M. V., et al. (2007). Infant joint attention, temperament, and social competence in preschool children. Child Development, 78(1), 53–69. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference von dem Hagen, E., Nummenmaa, L., Yu, R., Engell, A., Ewbank, M., & Calder, A. (2011). Autism Spectrum traits in the typical population predict structure and function in the posterior superior temporal sulcus. Cerebral Cortex, 21(3), 493–500. CrossRef von dem Hagen, E., Nummenmaa, L., Yu, R., Engell, A., Ewbank, M., & Calder, A. (2011). Autism Spectrum traits in the typical population predict structure and function in the posterior superior temporal sulcus. Cerebral Cortex, 21(3), 493–500. CrossRef
go back to reference Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S., Rogers, T., Roberts, W., Brian, J., & Szatmari, P. (2005). Behavioral manifestations of autism in the first year of life. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 23(2–3), 143–152. PubMedCrossRef Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S., Rogers, T., Roberts, W., Brian, J., & Szatmari, P. (2005). Behavioral manifestations of autism in the first year of life. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 23(2–3), 143–152. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Autonomic Arousal to Direct Gaze Correlates with Social Impairments Among Children with ASD
Auteurs
Miia Kaartinen
Kaija Puura
Tiina Mäkelä
Mervi Rannisto
Riina Lemponen
Mika Helminen
Raili Salmelin
Sari-Leena Himanen
Jari K. Hietanen
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-011-1435-2

Andere artikelen Uitgave 9/2012

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2012 Naar de uitgave