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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 1/2022

25-02-2021

Audiovisual Speech Perception in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Evidence from Visual Phonemic Restoration

Auteurs: Julia Irwin, Trey Avery, Daniel Kleinman, Nicole Landi

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 1/2022

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Abstract

Children with autism spectrum disorders have been reported to be less influenced by a speaker’s face during speech perception than those with typically development. To more closely examine these reported differences, a novel visual phonemic restoration paradigm was used to assess neural signatures (event-related potentials [ERPs]) of audiovisual processing in typically developing children and in children with autism spectrum disorder. Video of a speaker saying the syllable /ba/ was paired with (1) a synthesized /ba/ or (2) a synthesized syllable derived from /ba/ in which auditory cues for the consonant were substantially weakened, thereby sounding more like /a/. The auditory stimuli are easily discriminable; however, in the context of a visual /ba/, the auditory /a/ is typically perceived as /ba/, producing a visual phonemic restoration. Only children with ASD showed a large /ba/-/a/ discrimination response in the presence of a speaker producing /ba/, suggesting reduced influence of visual speech.
Voetnoten
1
We call this a mismatch-like or mismatch response (MMR) because it is elicited here in response to two different tokens in an equiprobable rather than an oddball presentation, and thus should not be confused with a mismatch negativity (MMN) response.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Audiovisual Speech Perception in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Evidence from Visual Phonemic Restoration
Auteurs
Julia Irwin
Trey Avery
Daniel Kleinman
Nicole Landi
Publicatiedatum
25-02-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-04916-x