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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2017

24-03-2017 | Original Paper

Attempting to “Increase Intake from the Input”: Attention and Word Learning in Children with Autism

Auteurs: Elena J. Tenenbaum, Dima Amso, Giulia Righi, Stephen J. Sheinkopf

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2017

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Abstract

Previous work has demonstrated that social attention is related to early language abilities. We explored whether we can facilitate word learning among children with autism by directing attention to areas of the scene that have been demonstrated as relevant for successful word learning. We tracked eye movements to faces and objects while children watched videos of a woman teaching them new words. Test trials measured participants’ recognition of these novel word-object pairings. Results indicate that for children with autism and typically developing children, pointing to the speaker’s mouth while labeling a novel object impaired performance, likely because it distracted participants from the target object. In contrast, for children with autism, holding the object close to the speaker’s mouth improved performance.
Voetnoten
1
Two “filler” test trials were included in the experimental design in the event that preferences for the target versus distracter objects reversed between pilot testing (which was based on typically developing participants only) and data collection. In the end, experimental data showed the same patterns of preference as pilot testing (see results), so these filler trials were retained in the analysis. These “bonus trials” were evenly distributed across the three conditions and three experimental versions (e.g. one version of the experiment had one extra Far and one extra Near trial, another version of the experiment had one extra Far and one extra Cover trial and the third version of the experiment had one extra Near and one extra Cover trial).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Attempting to “Increase Intake from the Input”: Attention and Word Learning in Children with Autism
Auteurs
Elena J. Tenenbaum
Dima Amso
Giulia Righi
Stephen J. Sheinkopf
Publicatiedatum
24-03-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2017
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3098-0