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22-10-2018 | Uitgave 3/2019

Quality of Life Research 3/2019

What matters most to sepsis survivors: a qualitative analysis to identify specific health-related quality of life domains

Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 3/2019
Christian König, Bastian Matt, Andreas Kortgen, Alison E. Turnbull, Christiane S. Hartog
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11136-018-2028-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



It is unknown how sepsis survivors conceptualize health-related quality of life (HRQL). We aimed to identify important HRQL domains for this population.


A literature search was performed to inform an interview guide. Open-ended interviews were held with 15 purposefully sampled sepsis survivors. Interview transcripts were analyzed by interpretative phenomenological analysis to allow themes to develop organically. Resulting codes were reviewed by an independent expert. The preliminary list of domains was rated in a two-round Delphi consensus procedure with therapists and survivors.


Eleven domains emerged as critically important: Psychological impairment, Fatigue, Physical impairment, Coping with daily life, Return to normal living, Ability to walk, Cognitive impairment, Self-perception, Control over one’s life, Family support, and Delivery of health care. Sepsis survivors want a “normal life,” to walk again, and to regain control without cognitive impairment. Family support is essential to overcome sepsis aftermaths.


Survivors described many HRQL domains which are not captured by the QoL instruments that have traditionally been used to study ICU survivorship (i.e., SF-36 and EQ-5D). Future studies of QoL in ICU survivors should consider using both a traditional instrument so that results are comparable to previous research, as well as a more holistic QoL measurement instrument like the WHOQOL-BREF.

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