Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This work was based in part on the dissertation of Shannan M. Edwards.
This is the first long-term follow-up study of virtual reality exposure therapy and exposure group therapy for social anxiety disorder—completed 6 years, on average, after treatment completion. Participants (N = 28) had a clinical diagnosis of social anxiety disorder that included public speaking fears and had previously completed 8 sessions of either virtual reality exposure therapy or exposure group therapy delivered according to a treatment manual. The final sample was ethnically diverse, middle-aged (mean age = 42 years) and mostly female (71%). Participants completed standardized self-report measures of public speaking anxiety and fear of negative evaluation, a behavioral speech task, a diagnostic interview, and ratings of global improvement. Participants showed statistically significant improvement on all self-report measures from pre-treatment to follow-up. All participants completed the speech task, with two exceptions: one participant declined to do the speech task and one person completed the follow-up assessment by phone. The majority of participants no longer met diagnostic criteria for the disorder (54%) and reported themselves “very much” or “much” improved (68%). With one exception, there were no differences between treatments at follow-up across self-report, clinician-rated, and behavioral data. Virtual reality exposure therapy and exposure group therapy for social anxiety disorder produce long-lasting benefits, consistent with research on a variety of forms of short-term cognitive behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
First, M. B., Gibbon, M., Spitzer, R. L., & Williams, J. B. W. (2002). Structured clinical interview for the DSM-IV-TR axis 1 disorders. New York: Biometrics Research Department.
Guy, W. (1976). ECDEU assessment manual for psychotherapy—revised (DHEW Publication No ADM 76-338). Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Mental Health.
Paul, G. (1966). Insight versus desensitization in psychotherapy: An experiment in anxiety reduction. Redwood City: Stanford University Press.
Willutzki, U., Teismann, T., & Schulte, D. (2012). Psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder: Long-term effectiveness of resource-oriented cognitive-behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy in social anxiety disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68, 581–591. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21842. CrossRefPubMed
- Virtual Reality and Exposure Group Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder: Results from a 4–6 Year Follow-Up
Page L. Anderson
Shannan M. Edwards
Jessica R. Goodnight
- Springer US