Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Previous research has shown that those with anxiety disorders may avoid distressing emotions, which in turn may increase avoidance behavior and help to maintain anxiety symptoms. The current study used an analogue laboratory design to investigate whether engaging in a brief mindfulness induction may result in decreased avoidance behavior following a fear-inducing stimulus. Undergraduate students were randomly assigned to listen to a brief mindfulness induction or to a control audio designed to induce unfocused attention. They were then shown a fear-inducing or neutral film clip. Avoidance behavior was measured by the likelihood of quitting a frustrating math task. Of those participants watching the fear-inducing film clip, those in the mindfulness group were less likely to quit the frustrating task than those in the control audio group. There was no difference in persistence between the mindfulness and control groups after the neutral film. Perhaps mindfulness training can boost persistence after the experience of fear.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Baer, R. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 125–143.
Batten, S. V., Orsillo, S. M., & Walser, R. D. (2005). Acceptance and mindfulness-based approaches to the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. In S. M. Orsillo & L. Roemer (Eds.), Acceptance and mindfulness-based approaches to anxiety: conceptualization and treatment (pp. 241–260). New York: Springer. CrossRef
Cahill, S. P., & Foa, E. B. (2007). Psychological theories of PTSD. In M. J. Friedman, T. M. Keane, & P. A. Resick (Eds.), Handbook of PTSD: science and practice (pp. 55–77). New York: Guilford Press.
Eifert, G. H., Forsyth, J. P., Arch, J., Espejo, E., Keller, M., & Langer, D. (2009). Acceptance and commitment therapy for anxiety disorders: three case studies exemplifying a unified treatment protocol. Cognitive Behavioral Practice, 16, 368–385. CrossRef
Erisman, S. M., & Roemer, L. (2012). A preliminary investigation of the process of mindfulness. Mindfulness, 3, 30–43. CrossRef
Evans, D. R., Baer, R. A., & Segerstrom, S. C. (2009). The effects of mindfulness and self-consciousness on persistence. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 379–382. CrossRef
Follette, V., Palm, K. M., & Pearson, A. N. (2006). Mindfulness and trauma: implications for treatment. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 24, 45–61. CrossRef
Gross, J. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2007). Emotion regulation: conceptual foundations. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation. New York: Guilford.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Dell Publishing.
Kiken, L. G., & Shook, N. J. (2011). Looking up: mindfulness increases positive judgments and reduces negativity bias. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 425–431. CrossRef
Roemer, L., Salters, K., Raffa, S. D., & Orsillo, S. M. (2005). Fear and avoidance of internal experiences in GAD: preliminary tests of a conceptual model. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29, 71–88. CrossRef
Rottenberg, J., Ray, R. D., & Gross, J. J. (2007). Emotion elicitation using films. In J. A. Coan & J. B. Allen (Eds.), Handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment (pp. 9–28). New York: Oxford University Press.
Sauer, S., Walach, H., Schmidt, S., Hinterberger, T., Lynch, S., Bussing, A., Kohls, N. (2012). Assessment of mindfulness: review on state of the art. Mindfulness. Advance online publication. Retrieved August 6, 2012. doi: 10.1007/s12671-012-0122-5.
Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: a new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press.
Smith, C. A., & Kirby, L. D. (2009). Relational antecedents of appraised problem focused coping potential and its associated emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 23, 481–503. CrossRef
- The Effects of Mindfulness and Fear-Inducing Stimuli on Avoidance Behavior
Elisabeth A. Carlin
Anthony H. Ahrens
- Springer US