Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The authors investigated whether the psychological benefits and meditation practice identified 3 months after attending a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) programme were maintained in a group of mental health professionals at 18 months follow-up. Of the 23 participants who attended the original MBCT programme, 18 agreed to participate. A repeated measures design was employed with the following measures taken: mindfulness; psychological well-being; life satisfaction; trait worry; trait and state anxiety; and an index of weekly meditation practice. A measure of life events and perceived stress was also included. Participants (N = 10) who provided data at each of the three time points—baseline, 3 months follow-up and 18 months follow-up—were included in the repeated measures ANOVAs. Compared to baseline, a significant improvement in levels of mindfulness, trait anxiety and trait worry was noted at 18 months follow-up. Three quarters of the current sample maintained some form of meditation practice although weekly amounts of meditation practice were found to be unrelated to psychological well-being. Contrary to prediction, life events and related levels of perceived stress correlated positively with levels of mindfulness. Attending a MBCT group as a mental health professional appears to have a positive impact on psychological well-being and ongoing meditation practice which persists long after the end of the intervention. Reasons for a lack of association between length of weekly practice and psychological well-being, as well as the positive relationship between perceived stress and mindfulness, are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Benson, H., Beary, J. F., & Carol, M. P. (1974). The relaxation response. Psychiatry: Journal for the Study of Interpersonal Processes, 37(1), 37–46.
Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., et al. (2004). Mindfulness: a proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 230–241.
De Zoysa, N., Ruths, F., Walsh. J., & Hutton, J. (2012). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for mental health professionals: a long-term qualitative follow-up. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-012-0141-2.
Eysenck, M. W. (1992). Anxiety: the cognitive perspective. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Eysenck, M. W., & Keane, M. T. (2002). Attention and performance limitations. Foundations of cognitive psychology: core readings (pp. 363–398). Cambridge: MIT Press.
Farber, B. A., & Heifetz, L. J. (1982). The process and dimensions of burnout in psychotherapists. Professional Psychologist, 13, 293–301. CrossRef
Goldberg, D., & Williams, P. (1988). A user’s guide to the general health questionnaire. Windsor: NFER-Nelson.
Hayes, S. C., & Shenk, C. (2004). Operationalizing mindfulness without unnecessary attachments. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 249–254.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain and illness. New York: Delacorte.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: past, present, and future [comment/reply]. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 144–156.
Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., Burney, R., & Sellers, W. (1987). Four-year follow up of a meditation based program for the self-regulation of chronic pain: treatment outcome and compliance. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 2, 159–173. CrossRef
Margison, F. (1987). Stress in psychiatrists. In R. Payne & J. Frith-Cozens (Eds.), Stress in health professional. Chichester: Wiley.
Roemer, L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2002). Expanding our conceptualization of and treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: integrating mindfulness/acceptance-based approaches with existing cognitive-behavioral models. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9(1), 54–68.
Ruths, F., DeZoysa, N., Frearson, S., Hutton, J., Williams, J.M.G., & Walsh, J. (2012). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for mental health professionals: a pilot study. Mindfulness. DOI 10.1007/s12671-012-127-0
Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: a new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press.
Shapiro, S. L., Astin, J. A., Bishop, S. R., & Cordova, M. (2005). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for health care professionals: results from a randomised trial. International Journal of Stress Management, 12(2), 164–176. CrossRef
Shapiro, S. L., Brown, K. W., & Biegel, G. M. (2007). Teaching self-care to caregivers: effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of therapists in training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 1(2), 105–115. CrossRef
Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, A. L., Lushene, R. E., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, P. A. (1983). Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists.
- Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Mental Health Professionals: a Long-Term Quantitative Follow-up Study
Nicole de Zoysa
Florian A. Ruths
- Springer US