Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 3/2014

01-06-2014 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Mindfulness Based Tinnitus Stress Reduction Pilot Study

A Symptom Perception-Shift Program

Auteurs: Jennifer J. Gans, Patricia O’Sullivan, Vallena Bircheff

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 3/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This pilot study aims to investigate whether a novel mind–body intervention, Mindfulness Based Tinnitus Stress Reduction (MBTSR), may be a beneficial treatment for chronic tinnitus. Eight tinnitus patients who had previously received Tinnitus Counseling (standard of care) at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Audiology Clinic participated in the MBTSR program. The program included 8 weeks of group instruction on mindfulness practice, a 1-day retreat, supplementary readings, and home-based practice using meditation CDs. Using a pre–post intervention design, mean differences (paired t-tests) were calculated. Benefits were measured by a reduction in clinical symptoms, if present, and a tinnitus symptom perception shift. Tinnitus symptom activity and discomfort as well as psychological outcomes were assessed by self-report questionnaires. Both quantitative and qualitative data were gathered. Results indicate that Effect Sizes, if supported by a larger study, may be clinically significant and demonstrate a substantial decrease for items measuring perceived annoyance and perception of handicap of tinnitus. Change scores on study measures all moved in the hypothesized direction, with the exception of negligible change found for the Acting with Awareness (d = −0.05) factor of mindfulness. This pilot study provides preliminary evidence that an 8-week MBTSR program may be an effective intervention for treating chronic tinnitus and its comorbid symptoms, and may help reduce depression and phobic anxiety while improving social functioning and overall mental health. These promising findings warrant further investigation with a randomized controlled trial.
Literatuur
go back to reference Andersson, G., Baguley, D. M., McKenna, L., & McFerran, D. J. (2005). Tinnitus: a multidisciplinary approach. London: Whurr. Andersson, G., Baguley, D. M., McKenna, L., & McFerran, D. J. (2005). Tinnitus: a multidisciplinary approach. London: Whurr.
go back to reference Axelsson, A., Coles, R. R. A., Erlandsson, S. E., Meikle, M., & Vernon, J. (1993). Evaluation of tinnitus treatment: methodological aspects. Journal of Audiological Medicine, 2, 141–150. Axelsson, A., Coles, R. R. A., Erlandsson, S. E., Meikle, M., & Vernon, J. (1993). Evaluation of tinnitus treatment: methodological aspects. Journal of Audiological Medicine, 2, 141–150.
go back to reference Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, T., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self- report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13(1), 27–45.PubMedCrossRef Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, T., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self- report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13(1), 27–45.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Lykins, E., Button, D., Krietemeyer, J., Sauer, S., et al. (2008). Construct validity of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples. Assessment, 15, 329–342.PubMedCrossRef Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Lykins, E., Button, D., Krietemeyer, J., Sauer, S., et al. (2008). Construct validity of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples. Assessment, 15, 329–342.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford. Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Beddoe, A., & Murphy, S. (2004). Does mindfulness decrease stress and foster empathy among nursing students? The Journal of Nursing Education, 43(7), 305–312.PubMed Beddoe, A., & Murphy, S. (2004). Does mindfulness decrease stress and foster empathy among nursing students? The Journal of Nursing Education, 43(7), 305–312.PubMed
go back to reference Brazier, J. E., Harper, R., Jones, N. M. B., O'Cathain, A., Thomas, K. J., Usherwood, T., et al. (1992). Validating the SF-36 health survey: a new measure for primary care. British Medical Journal, 305, 160–164.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Brazier, J. E., Harper, R., Jones, N. M. B., O'Cathain, A., Thomas, K. J., Usherwood, T., et al. (1992). Validating the SF-36 health survey: a new measure for primary care. British Medical Journal, 305, 160–164.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822–848.PubMedCrossRef Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822–848.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Caldwell, K., Harrison, M., Adams, M., Quin, R., & Greeson, J. (2010). Developing mindfulness in college students through movement based classes: effects on mood, self-regulatory self-efficacy, stress, and sleep quality. Journal of American College Health, 58, 433–442.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Caldwell, K., Harrison, M., Adams, M., Quin, R., & Greeson, J. (2010). Developing mindfulness in college students through movement based classes: effects on mood, self-regulatory self-efficacy, stress, and sleep quality. Journal of American College Health, 58, 433–442.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Carlson, L. E., & Garland, S. N. (2005). Impact of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on sleep, mood, stress and fatigue symptoms in cancer outpatients. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 12, 278–285.PubMedCrossRef Carlson, L. E., & Garland, S. N. (2005). Impact of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on sleep, mood, stress and fatigue symptoms in cancer outpatients. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 12, 278–285.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Carlson, L. E., Speca, M., Patel, K. D., & Goodey, E. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29(4), 448–474.PubMedCrossRef Carlson, L. E., Speca, M., Patel, K. D., & Goodey, E. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29(4), 448–474.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Chiesa, A., & Serretti, A. (2009). Mindfulness based cognitive therapy for psychiatric disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research, 187, 441–453.CrossRef Chiesa, A., & Serretti, A. (2009). Mindfulness based cognitive therapy for psychiatric disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research, 187, 441–453.CrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1977). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). New York: Academic Press. Cohen, J. (1977). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). New York: Academic Press.
go back to reference Davis, C. G., & Morgan, M. S. (2008). Finding meaning, perceiving growth, and acceptance of tinnitus. Rehabilitation Psychology, 53, 128–138.CrossRef Davis, C. G., & Morgan, M. S. (2008). Finding meaning, perceiving growth, and acceptance of tinnitus. Rehabilitation Psychology, 53, 128–138.CrossRef
go back to reference Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Benefits Administration, Annual Benefits Report, FY 2010,5. Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Benefits Administration, Annual Benefits Report, FY 2010,5.
go back to reference Derogatis, L. R. (1983). SCL–90–R: Administration, scoring, and procedures manual II. Baltimore, MD: Clinical Psychometric Research. Derogatis, L. R. (1983). SCL–90–R: Administration, scoring, and procedures manual II. Baltimore, MD: Clinical Psychometric Research.
go back to reference Folmer, R. L. (2002). Long-term reductions in tinnitus severity. Biomedical Central Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders, 2, 3. Folmer, R. L. (2002). Long-term reductions in tinnitus severity. Biomedical Central Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders, 2, 3.
go back to reference Goleman, D. (1988). The meditative mind: The varieties of meditative experience. New York: Putnam. Goleman, D. (1988). The meditative mind: The varieties of meditative experience. New York: Putnam.
go back to reference Grossman, P., Tiefenthaler-Gilmer, U., Raysz, A., & Kesper, U. (2007). Mindfulness training as an intervention for fibromyalgia: evidence of postintervention and 3-year follow-up benefits in well-being. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 76(4), 226–233.PubMedCrossRef Grossman, P., Tiefenthaler-Gilmer, U., Raysz, A., & Kesper, U. (2007). Mindfulness training as an intervention for fibromyalgia: evidence of postintervention and 3-year follow-up benefits in well-being. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 76(4), 226–233.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Grossman, P., Kappos, L., Mohr, D. C., Gensicke, H., D'Souza, M., Penner, I. K., et al. (2010). MS quality of life, depression and fatigue improve after mindfulness training: a randomized trial. Neurology, 75, 1141–1149.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Grossman, P., Kappos, L., Mohr, D. C., Gensicke, H., D'Souza, M., Penner, I. K., et al. (2010). MS quality of life, depression and fatigue improve after mindfulness training: a randomized trial. Neurology, 75, 1141–1149.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Harrop-Griffiths, J., Katon, W., Dobie, R., Sakai, C., & Russo, J. (1987). Chronic tinnitus: association with psychiatric diagnoses. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 31, 613–622.PubMedCrossRef Harrop-Griffiths, J., Katon, W., Dobie, R., Sakai, C., & Russo, J. (1987). Chronic tinnitus: association with psychiatric diagnoses. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 31, 613–622.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hebert, S., & Lupien, S. J. (2007). The sound of stress: blunted cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stress in tinnitus sufferers. Neuroscience Letters, 411(2), 138–142.PubMedCrossRef Hebert, S., & Lupien, S. J. (2007). The sound of stress: blunted cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stress in tinnitus sufferers. Neuroscience Letters, 411(2), 138–142.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Heller, A. J. (2003). Classification and epidemiology of tinnitus. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, 36(2), 239–248.PubMedCrossRef Heller, A. J. (2003). Classification and epidemiology of tinnitus. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, 36(2), 239–248.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Herrmann, C. (1997). International experiences with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale — a review of validation data and clinical results. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 42, 17–41.PubMedCrossRef Herrmann, C. (1997). International experiences with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale — a review of validation data and clinical results. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 42, 17–41.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hofmann, S. G., Sawyer, A. T., Witt, A. A., & Oh, D. (2010). The effect of mindfulness based therapy on anxiety and depression: a meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 169–183.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Hofmann, S. G., Sawyer, A. T., Witt, A. A., & Oh, D. (2010). The effect of mindfulness based therapy on anxiety and depression: a meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 169–183.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hojat, M., & Xu, G. (2004). A visitor's guide to effect sizes: statistical significance versus practical (clinical) importance of research findings. Advances in Health Science Education, 9, 241–249.CrossRef Hojat, M., & Xu, G. (2004). A visitor's guide to effect sizes: statistical significance versus practical (clinical) importance of research findings. Advances in Health Science Education, 9, 241–249.CrossRef
go back to reference Holmes, S., & Padgham, N. (2009). Review paper: more than ringing in the wars: a review of tinnitus and its psychosocial impact. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18(21), 2927–2937.PubMedCrossRef Holmes, S., & Padgham, N. (2009). Review paper: more than ringing in the wars: a review of tinnitus and its psychosocial impact. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18(21), 2927–2937.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4, 33–47.PubMedCrossRef Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4, 33–47.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are. New York: Hyperion. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are. New York: Hyperion.
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (2005). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness: Fifteenth (anniversaryth ed.). New York: Bantam Dell. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2005). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness: Fifteenth (anniversaryth ed.). New York: Bantam Dell.
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., & Burney, R. (1985). The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 8, 163–190.PubMedCrossRef Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., & Burney, R. (1985). The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 8, 163–190.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., Burney, R., & Sellers, W. (1987). Four-year follow up of a meditation based program for the self regulation of chronic pain: treatment outcomes and compliance. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 2, 159–17.CrossRef Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., Burney, R., & Sellers, W. (1987). Four-year follow up of a meditation based program for the self regulation of chronic pain: treatment outcomes and compliance. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 2, 159–17.CrossRef
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion, A. O., Kristeller, J., & Peterson, L. G. (1992). Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 936–943.PubMed Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion, A. O., Kristeller, J., & Peterson, L. G. (1992). Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 936–943.PubMed
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J., Wheeler, J. E., Light, T., Skillings, Z., Scharf, M. J., Cropley, T. G., et al. (2003). Part II: Influence of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention on rates of skin clearing in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis undergoing phototherapy (UVB) and photochemo-therapy (PUVA). Constructivism in the Human Sciences, 8, 85–106. Kabat-Zinn, J., Wheeler, J. E., Light, T., Skillings, Z., Scharf, M. J., Cropley, T. G., et al. (2003). Part II: Influence of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention on rates of skin clearing in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis undergoing phototherapy (UVB) and photochemo-therapy (PUVA). Constructivism in the Human Sciences, 8, 85–106.
go back to reference Kaplan, K. H., Goldenberg, D. L., & Galvin-Nadeau, M. (1993). The impact of a meditation- based stress reduction program on fibromyalgia. General Hospital Psychiatry, 15(5), 284–289.PubMedCrossRef Kaplan, K. H., Goldenberg, D. L., & Galvin-Nadeau, M. (1993). The impact of a meditation- based stress reduction program on fibromyalgia. General Hospital Psychiatry, 15(5), 284–289.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lockwood, A. H., Salvi, R. J., & Burkard, R. F. (2002). Tinnitus. The New England Journal of Medicine, 347, 904–910.PubMedCrossRef Lockwood, A. H., Salvi, R. J., & Burkard, R. F. (2002). Tinnitus. The New England Journal of Medicine, 347, 904–910.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ma, S. H., & Teasdale, J. D. (2004). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: replication and exploration of differential relapse prevention effects. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 31–40. Ma, S. H., & Teasdale, J. D. (2004). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: replication and exploration of differential relapse prevention effects. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 31–40.
go back to reference Majumdar, M., Grossman, P., Dietz-Waschkowski, B., Kersig, S., & Walach, H. (2002). Does mindfulness meditation contribute to health? Outcome evaluation of a German sample. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 8(6), 719.CrossRef Majumdar, M., Grossman, P., Dietz-Waschkowski, B., Kersig, S., & Walach, H. (2002). Does mindfulness meditation contribute to health? Outcome evaluation of a German sample. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 8(6), 719.CrossRef
go back to reference Martinez Devesa, P., Perera, R., Theodoulou, M., & Waddell, A. (2010). Cognitive behavioural therapy for tinnitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 9, CD005233. Martinez Devesa, P., Perera, R., Theodoulou, M., & Waddell, A. (2010). Cognitive behavioural therapy for tinnitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 9, CD005233.
go back to reference Mason, O., & Hargreaves, I. (2001). A qualitative study of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression. The British Journal of Medical Psychology, 74(2), 197–212.CrossRef Mason, O., & Hargreaves, I. (2001). A qualitative study of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression. The British Journal of Medical Psychology, 74(2), 197–212.CrossRef
go back to reference Mazurek, B., Stöver, T., Haupt, H., Klapp, B. F., Adli, M., Gross, J., et al. (2010). The significance of stress: its role in the auditory system and the pathogenesis of tinnitus. Hals-, Nasen-, Ohren-Heilkunde, 58, 162–172. Mazurek, B., Stöver, T., Haupt, H., Klapp, B. F., Adli, M., Gross, J., et al. (2010). The significance of stress: its role in the auditory system and the pathogenesis of tinnitus. Hals-, Nasen-, Ohren-Heilkunde, 58, 162–172.
go back to reference Megwalu, U. C., Finnell, J. E., & Picirillo, J. F. (2006). The effects of melatonin on tinnitus and sleep. Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 134(2), 210–213.CrossRef Megwalu, U. C., Finnell, J. E., & Picirillo, J. F. (2006). The effects of melatonin on tinnitus and sleep. Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 134(2), 210–213.CrossRef
go back to reference Meikle, M. B., Stewart, B. J., Griest, S. E., Martin, W. H., Henry, J. A., Abrams, H. B., et al. (2007). Assessment of tinnitus: measurement of treatment outcomes. Progress in Brain Research, 166, 511–521.PubMedCrossRef Meikle, M. B., Stewart, B. J., Griest, S. E., Martin, W. H., Henry, J. A., Abrams, H. B., et al. (2007). Assessment of tinnitus: measurement of treatment outcomes. Progress in Brain Research, 166, 511–521.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J. J., Fletcher, K., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (1995). Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. General Hospital Psychiatry, 17, 192–200.PubMedCrossRef Miller, J. J., Fletcher, K., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (1995). Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. General Hospital Psychiatry, 17, 192–200.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Møller, A. R. (2000). Similarities between severe tinnitus and chronic pain. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 11, 115–124.PubMed Møller, A. R. (2000). Similarities between severe tinnitus and chronic pain. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 11, 115–124.PubMed
go back to reference Morone, N. E., Lynch, C. S., Greco, C. M., Tindle, H. A., & Weiner, D. K. (2008). "I felt like a new person." the effects of mindfulness meditation on older adults with chronic pain: qualitative narrative analysis of diary entries. The Journal of Pain, 9(9), 841–848.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Morone, N. E., Lynch, C. S., Greco, C. M., Tindle, H. A., & Weiner, D. K. (2008). "I felt like a new person." the effects of mindfulness meditation on older adults with chronic pain: qualitative narrative analysis of diary entries. The Journal of Pain, 9(9), 841–848.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Newman, C. W., Jacobson, G. P., & Spitzer, J. B. (1996). Development of the tinnitus handicap inventory. Archives of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, 122, 143–148.CrossRef Newman, C. W., Jacobson, G. P., & Spitzer, J. B. (1996). Development of the tinnitus handicap inventory. Archives of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, 122, 143–148.CrossRef
go back to reference Philippot, P., Nef, F., Clauw, L., de Romrée, M., & Segal, Z. (2011). A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness based cognitive therapy for treating tinnitus. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. doi:10.1002/cpp.756. Philippot, P., Nef, F., Clauw, L., de Romrée, M., & Segal, Z. (2011). A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness based cognitive therapy for treating tinnitus. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. doi:10.​1002/​cpp.​756.
go back to reference Randolph, P. D., Caldera, Y. M., Tacone, A. M., & Greak, M. L. (1999). The long-term combined effects of medical treatment and a mindfulness-based behavioral program for the multidisciplinary management of chronic pain in west Texas. Pain Digest, 9, 103–112. Randolph, P. D., Caldera, Y. M., Tacone, A. M., & Greak, M. L. (1999). The long-term combined effects of medical treatment and a mindfulness-based behavioral program for the multidisciplinary management of chronic pain in west Texas. Pain Digest, 9, 103–112.
go back to reference Rosenzweig, S., Reibel, D. K., Greeson, J. M., Brainard, G. C., & Hojat, M. (2003). Mindfulness-based stress reduction lowers psychological distress in medical students. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 15, 88–92.PubMedCrossRef Rosenzweig, S., Reibel, D. K., Greeson, J. M., Brainard, G. C., & Hojat, M. (2003). Mindfulness-based stress reduction lowers psychological distress in medical students. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 15, 88–92.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sadlier, M., Stephens, S., & Kennedy, V. (2008). Tinnitus rehabilitation: a mindfulness meditation cognitive behavioural therapy approach. The Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 122(1), 31–37.PubMedCrossRef Sadlier, M., Stephens, S., & Kennedy, V. (2008). Tinnitus rehabilitation: a mindfulness meditation cognitive behavioural therapy approach. The Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 122(1), 31–37.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sanchez, L., & Stephens, D. (1997). A tinnitus problem questionnaire in a clinic population. Ear and Hearing, 18, 210–217.PubMedCrossRef Sanchez, L., & Stephens, D. (1997). A tinnitus problem questionnaire in a clinic population. Ear and Hearing, 18, 210–217.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shapiro, S. L., Schwartz, G. E., & Bonner, G. (1998). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on medical and premedical students. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21(6), 581–599.PubMedCrossRef Shapiro, S. L., Schwartz, G. E., & Bonner, G. (1998). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on medical and premedical students. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21(6), 581–599.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shargorodsky, J., Curhan, G., & Wildon, R. (2010). Prevalence and characteristics of tinnitus among US adults. The American Journal of Medicine, 123(8), 711–718.PubMedCrossRef Shargorodsky, J., Curhan, G., & Wildon, R. (2010). Prevalence and characteristics of tinnitus among US adults. The American Journal of Medicine, 123(8), 711–718.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Smith, B. W., Ortiz, J. A., Steffen, L. E., Tooley, E. M., Wiggins, K. T., Yeater, E. A., et al. (2011). Mindfulness is associated with fewer PTSD symptoms, depressive symptoms, physical symptoms, and alcohol problems in urban firefighters. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79, 613–617.PubMedCrossRef Smith, B. W., Ortiz, J. A., Steffen, L. E., Tooley, E. M., Wiggins, K. T., Yeater, E. A., et al. (2011). Mindfulness is associated with fewer PTSD symptoms, depressive symptoms, physical symptoms, and alcohol problems in urban firefighters. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79, 613–617.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Speca, M., Carlson, L. E., Mackenzie, M. J., & Angen, M. (2006). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) as an intervention for cancer patients. In R. A. Baer (Ed.), Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications (pp. 239–261). CA, Elsevier Academic Press: San Diego.CrossRef Speca, M., Carlson, L. E., Mackenzie, M. J., & Angen, M. (2006). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) as an intervention for cancer patients. In R. A. Baer (Ed.), Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications (pp. 239–261). CA, Elsevier Academic Press: San Diego.CrossRef
go back to reference Surawy, C., Roberts, J., & Silver, A. (2005). The effect of mindfulness training on mood and measures of fatigue, activity, and quality of life in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome on a hospital waiting list: a series of exploratory studies. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 33, 103–109.CrossRef Surawy, C., Roberts, J., & Silver, A. (2005). The effect of mindfulness training on mood and measures of fatigue, activity, and quality of life in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome on a hospital waiting list: a series of exploratory studies. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 33, 103–109.CrossRef
go back to reference Sweetow, R. (1986). Cognitive aspects of tinnitus patient management. Ear and Hearing, 7, 390–396.PubMedCrossRef Sweetow, R. (1986). Cognitive aspects of tinnitus patient management. Ear and Hearing, 7, 390–396.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Teasdale, J. D., Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., Ridgeway, V. A., Soulsby, J. M., & Lau, M. A. (2000). Prevention of relapse/recurrence in major depression by mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68(4), 615–623.PubMedCrossRef Teasdale, J. D., Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., Ridgeway, V. A., Soulsby, J. M., & Lau, M. A. (2000). Prevention of relapse/recurrence in major depression by mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68(4), 615–623.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Teasdale, J. D., Moore, R. G., Hayhurst, H., Pope, M., Williams, S., & Segal, Z. V. (2002). Metacognitive awareness and prevention of relapse in depression: empirical evidence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70(2), 275–287.PubMedCrossRef Teasdale, J. D., Moore, R. G., Hayhurst, H., Pope, M., Williams, S., & Segal, Z. V. (2002). Metacognitive awareness and prevention of relapse in depression: empirical evidence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70(2), 275–287.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tonndorf, J. (1987). The analogy between tinnitus and pain: A suggestion for a physiological basis of chronic tinnitus. Hear Research, 28, 271–275.CrossRef Tonndorf, J. (1987). The analogy between tinnitus and pain: A suggestion for a physiological basis of chronic tinnitus. Hear Research, 28, 271–275.CrossRef
go back to reference Tyler, R. S., & Baker L. J. (1983). Difficulties experienced by tinnitus sufferers. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 48, 150–154. Tyler, R. S., & Baker L. J. (1983). Difficulties experienced by tinnitus sufferers. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 48, 150–154.
go back to reference Weiss, M., Nordlie, J. W., & Siegel, E. P. (2005). Mindfulness-based stress reduction as an adjunct to outpatient psychotherapy. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 74(2), 108–112.PubMedCrossRef Weiss, M., Nordlie, J. W., & Siegel, E. P. (2005). Mindfulness-based stress reduction as an adjunct to outpatient psychotherapy. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 74(2), 108–112.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Zigmond, A. S., & Snaith, R. P. (1983). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67, 361–370.PubMedCrossRef Zigmond, A. S., & Snaith, R. P. (1983). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67, 361–370.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Zoger, S., Svedlund, J., & Holgers, K. M. (2001). Psychiatric disorders in tinnitus patients without severe hearing impairment: 24 month follow-up of patients at an audiological clinic. Audiology, 40, 133–140.PubMedCrossRef Zoger, S., Svedlund, J., & Holgers, K. M. (2001). Psychiatric disorders in tinnitus patients without severe hearing impairment: 24 month follow-up of patients at an audiological clinic. Audiology, 40, 133–140.PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Mindfulness Based Tinnitus Stress Reduction Pilot Study
A Symptom Perception-Shift Program
Auteurs
Jennifer J. Gans
Patricia O’Sullivan
Vallena Bircheff
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 3/2014
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-012-0184-4

Andere artikelen Uitgave 3/2014

Mindfulness 3/2014 Naar de uitgave

ORTHOGONAL ROTATION IN CONSCIOUSNESS

The Challenge of a Life’s Time—and a Lifetime

MINDFULNESS IN PRACTICE

The Consuming Mind