Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
In target-directed aiming, afferent information is used to adjust limb trajectories during movement execution (i.e. online) and to enhance the programming of subsequent trials (i.e. offline). The objective of the present study was to determine the influence of state anxiety on both online and offline afferent information processing for the first time. Participants practiced either a directional aiming task (Experiment 1) or an amplitude aiming task (Experiment 2) without anxiety before being transferred to a high anxiety condition. In both experiments, results revealed that anxiety resulted in a decrement in performance. Furthermore, use of afferent information to adjust movement trajectories online was disrupted when movements were performed with anxiety, whereas there were no differences in the offline processing of afferent information between the low anxiety and high anxiety conditions.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bard, C., Paillard, J., Fleury, M., Hay, L., & Larue, J. (1990). Positional versus directional control loops in visuomotor pointing. European Bulletin of Cognitive Psychology,39, 151–161.
Bédard, P., & Proteau, L. (2004). On-line vs. off-line utilisation of peripheral visual afferent information to ensure spatial accuracy of goal-directed movements. Experimental Brain Research,158, 75–85. CrossRef
Briere, J., & Proteau, L. (2011). Automatic movement error detection and correction processes in reaching movements. Experimental Brain Research,208(1), 39–50. CrossRef
Carlton, L. G. (1992). Visual processing time and the control of movement. In L. Proteau & D. Elliott (Eds.), Vision and motor control (pp. 3–31). North-Holland: Amsterdam. CrossRef
Eysenck, M. W., & Calvo, M. G. (1992). Anxiety and performance—the processing efficiency theory. Cognition and Emotion,6(6), 409–434. CrossRef
Glover, S. (2004). Separate visual representations in the planning and control of action. Behavioral and Brain Sciences,27(1), 3–78. PubMed
Janelle, C. M., Singer, R. N., & Williams, A. M. (1999). External distraction and attentional narrowing: visual search evidence. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology,21(1), 70–91.
Khan, M. A., Franks, I. M., & Goodman, D. (1998). The effect of practice on the control of rapid aiming movements: evidence for an interdependency between programming and feedback processing. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section a-Human Experimental Psychology,51(2), 425–444. CrossRef
Khan, M. A., Lawrence, G. P., Franks, I. M., & Elliott, D. (2003b). The utilization of visual feedback in the control of movement direction: evidence from a video aiming task. Motor Control,7(3), 290–303. PubMed
Khan, M. A., Lawrence, G. P., Franks, I. M., & Buckloz, E. (2004). The utilization of visual feedback from peripheral and central vision in the control of direction. Experimental Brain Research,158(2):241–251.
Krane, V. (1994). The mental readiness form as a measure of competitive state anxiety. Sport Psychologist,8(2), 189–202.
Lawrence, G. P., Khan, M. A., Mourton, S., & Bernier, P.-M. (2011). The reliance on visual feedback for online and offline processing. Motor Control,15(2), 232–246. PubMed
Lewis, B. P., & Linder, D. E. (1997). Thinking about choking? Attentional processes and paradoxical performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,23(9), 937–944. CrossRef
Masters, R. S. W. (1992). Knowledge, knerves and know-how—the role of explicit versus implicit knowledge in the breakdown of a complex motor skill under pressure. British Journal of Psychology,83, 343–358. CrossRef
Masters, R. S. W., & Maxwell, J. P. (2008). The theory of reinvestment. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology,1(2), 160–183. CrossRef
Mullen, R., Hardy, L., & Tattersall, A. (2005). The effects of anxiety on motor performance: a test of the conscious processing hypothesis. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology,27(2), 212–225.
Murray, N. P., & Janelle, C. M. (2003). Anxiety and performance: a visual search examination of the processing efficiency theory. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology,25(2), 171–187.
Paillard, J., & Amblard, B. (1985). Static versus kinetic visual cues for the processing of spatial relationships. In D. J. Ingle, M. Jeannerod, & D. N. Lee (Eds.), Brain mechanism in spatial vision (pp. 367–385). La Haye: Martinus Nijhoff.
Proteau, L., Marteniuk, R. G., Girouard, Y., & Dugas, C. (1987). On the type of information used to control and learn an aiming movement after moderate and extensive training. Human Movement Science,6(2), 181–199. CrossRef
Schmidt, R. A., Zelaznik, H., Hawkins, B., Frank, J. S., & Quinn, J. T. (1979). Motor-output variability—theory for the accuracy of rapid motor acts. Psychological Review,86(5), 415–451. CrossRef
Wilson, M. (2008). From processing efficiency to attentional control: a mechanistic account of the anxiety-performance relationship. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology,1(2), 184–201. CrossRef
Zijlstra, F. R. H. (1993) Efficiency in work behaviour: A design approach for modern tools. Delft: Delft University Press (Doctoral dissertation, Technical University Delft).
- The effect of state anxiety on the online and offline control of fast target-directed movements
Gavin P. Lawrence
Michael A. Khan