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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2006

01-10-2006 | Original Paper

Social Escape Behaviors in Children with Fragile X Syndrome

Auteurs: Scott Hall, Marie DeBernardis, Allan Reiss

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2006

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Abstract

Social escape behavior is a common behavioral feature of individuals with fragile X syndrome (fraX). In this observational study, we examined the effect of antecedent social and performance demands on problem behaviors in four conditions: face-to-face interview, silent reading, oral reading and a singing task. Results showed that problem behaviors were significantly more likely to occur during the interview and singing conditions. Higher levels of salivary cortisol were predictive of higher levels of fidgeting behavior and lower levels of eye contact in male participants. There were no associations between level of FMRP expression and social escape behaviors. These data suggest that specific antecedent biological and environmental factors evoke social escape behaviors in fragile X syndrome.
Voetnoten
1
Three male participants did not participate in the silent and oral reading conditions because they were either uncooperative or were unable to read. Ten male participants did not participate in the silent reading condition because they read aloud despite being prompted to read silently to themselves. One male participant was unable to complete any of the tasks and was therefore excluded from the study.
 
2
Eye contact prompts were not delivered in the Silent Reading, Oral Reading or Singing conditions.
 
3
It should be noted that 87.3% of the male participants and 97.1% of the female participants reciprocated the handshake greeting with the experimenter. Of those who reciprocated the handshake, 34.6% of the male participants and 70.6% of the female participants established eye contact when shaking hands.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Social Escape Behaviors in Children with Fragile X Syndrome
Auteurs
Scott Hall
Marie DeBernardis
Allan Reiss
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2006
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0132-z