Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2006

01-10-2006 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Agreement Among Four Diagnostic Instruments for Autism Spectrum Disorders in Toddlers

Auteurs: Pamela E. Ventola, Jamie Kleinman, Juhi Pandey, Marianne Barton, Sarah Allen, James Green, Diana Robins, Deborah Fein

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2006

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) can be difficult to diagnose in toddlers. This study compared diagnostic measures (ADOS-G, ADI-R, CARS, and clinical judgment using DSM-IV criteria) applied to toddlers. Results indicated that the ADOS-G, CARS, and clinical judgment agreed with each other but not with the ADI-R. Many of the children classified with ASD by the other measures were not classified with autism by the ADI-R because they did not display enough repetitive behaviors and stereotyped interests. These results indicate that young children with ASD may not display repetitive behaviors and stereotyped interests, and for toddlers, the ADI-R would have a higher sensitivity if revised to include a diagnosis of PDD-NOS, for which the requirement of repetitive behaviors is less stringent.
Voetnoten
1
Since the majority of children received the ADI-R and because the ADI-R and Toddler Form use identical scoring algorithms, for ease of reading, the authors will jointly refer to these instruments as ADI-R.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistics manual of mental disorders (4th ed., DSM-IV). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistics manual of mental disorders (4th ed., DSM-IV). Washington, DC: Author.
go back to reference Baird, G., Charman, T., Baron Cohen, S., Cox, A., Swettenham, J., & Wheelwright, S., et al. (2000). A screening instrument for autism at 18 months of age: A 6-year follow-up study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(6), 694–702. PubMedCrossRef Baird, G., Charman, T., Baron Cohen, S., Cox, A., Swettenham, J., & Wheelwright, S., et al. (2000). A screening instrument for autism at 18 months of age: A 6-year follow-up study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(6), 694–702. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bondy, A. S., & Frost, L. A. (1995). Educational approaches in preschool: Behavior techniques in a public school setting. In E. Schopler & G.B. Mesibov (Eds.), Learning and Cognition in Autism (pp. 311–338). New York: Plenum Press Bondy, A. S., & Frost, L. A. (1995). Educational approaches in preschool: Behavior techniques in a public school setting. In E. Schopler & G.B. Mesibov (Eds.), Learning and Cognition in Autism (pp. 311–338). New York: Plenum Press
go back to reference Charman, T., Taylor, E., Drew, A., Cockerill, H., Brown, J., & Baird, G. (2005). Outcome at 7 years of children diagnosed with autism at age 2: Predictive validity of assessments conducted at 2 and 3 years of age and pattern of symptom change over time. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 500–513. PubMedCrossRef Charman, T., Taylor, E., Drew, A., Cockerill, H., Brown, J., & Baird, G. (2005). Outcome at 7 years of children diagnosed with autism at age 2: Predictive validity of assessments conducted at 2 and 3 years of age and pattern of symptom change over time. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 500–513. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cox, A., Klein, K., Charman, T., Baird, G., Baron Cohen, S., & Swettenham, J., et al. (1999). Autism spectrum disorders at 20 and 42 months of age: Stability of clinical and ADI-R diagnosis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40(5), 719–732. CrossRef Cox, A., Klein, K., Charman, T., Baird, G., Baron Cohen, S., & Swettenham, J., et al. (1999). Autism spectrum disorders at 20 and 42 months of age: Stability of clinical and ADI-R diagnosis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40(5), 719–732. CrossRef
go back to reference Dahlgren, S. O., & Gillberg, C. (1989). Symptoms in the first two years of life: A preliminary population study of infantile autism. European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences, 238(3), 169–174. PubMedCrossRef Dahlgren, S. O., & Gillberg, C. (1989). Symptoms in the first two years of life: A preliminary population study of infantile autism. European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences, 238(3), 169–174. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gillberg, C., Ehlers, S., Schaumann, H., Jakobsson, G., et al. (1990). Autism under age 3 years: A clinical study of 28 cases referred for autistic symptoms in infancy. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 31(6), 921–934. CrossRef Gillberg, C., Ehlers, S., Schaumann, H., Jakobsson, G., et al. (1990). Autism under age 3 years: A clinical study of 28 cases referred for autistic symptoms in infancy. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 31(6), 921–934. CrossRef
go back to reference Klin, A., Lang, J., Cicchetti, D. V., & Volkmar, F. R. (2000). Brief report: Interrater reliability of clinical diagnosis and DSM-IV criteria for autistic disorder: Results of the DSM-IV field trial. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(2), 163–167. PubMedCrossRef Klin, A., Lang, J., Cicchetti, D. V., & Volkmar, F. R. (2000). Brief report: Interrater reliability of clinical diagnosis and DSM-IV criteria for autistic disorder: Results of the DSM-IV field trial. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(2), 163–167. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Koegel, L. K. (1995). Communication and language intervention. In R. L. Koegel (Ed.), Teaching children with Autism: Strategies for initiating positive interactions and improving learning opportunities (pp. 17–32). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. Koegel, L. K. (1995). Communication and language intervention. In R. L. Koegel (Ed.), Teaching children with Autism: Strategies for initiating positive interactions and improving learning opportunities (pp. 17–32). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.
go back to reference Lord, C. (1995). Follow-up of two-year-olds referred for possible autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 36(8), 1365–1382. CrossRef Lord, C. (1995). Follow-up of two-year-olds referred for possible autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 36(8), 1365–1382. CrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C. (2000). Commentary: Achievements and future directions for intervention research in communication and autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(5), 393–398. PubMedCrossRef Lord, C. (2000). Commentary: Achievements and future directions for intervention research in communication and autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(5), 393–398. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., & Risi, S. (2000). Diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in young children. In A. M. Wetherby (Ed.), Autism spectrum disorders: A transactional developmental perspective. Communication and language intervention series (Vol. 9, pp. 11–30). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. Lord, C., & Risi, S. (2000). Diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in young children. In A. M. Wetherby (Ed.), Autism spectrum disorders: A transactional developmental perspective. Communication and language intervention series (Vol. 9, pp. 11–30). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.
go back to reference Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Jr., Leventhal, B. L., & DiLavore P. C., et al. (2000). The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule – Generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223. Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Jr., Leventhal, B. L., & DiLavore P. C., et al. (2000). The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule – Generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223.
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (2000). Autism diagnostic observation schedule – WPS edition. Los Angles, California: Western Psychological Services. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (2000). Autism diagnostic observation schedule – WPS edition. Los Angles, California: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Lord, C., Storoschuk, S., Rutter, M., & Pickles, A. (1993). Using the ADI-R to diagnose autism in preschool children. Infant Mental Health Journal, 14(3), 234–252. CrossRef Lord, C., Storoschuk, S., Rutter, M., & Pickles, A. (1993). Using the ADI-R to diagnose autism in preschool children. Infant Mental Health Journal, 14(3), 234–252. CrossRef
go back to reference Lovaas, O. I. (1987). Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55(1), 3–9. PubMedCrossRef Lovaas, O. I. (1987). Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55(1), 3–9. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McEachin, J. J., Smith, T., & Lovaas, O. I. (1993). Long-term outcome for children with autism who received early intensive behavioral treatment. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 97(4), 359–372. PubMed McEachin, J. J., Smith, T., & Lovaas, O. I. (1993). Long-term outcome for children with autism who received early intensive behavioral treatment. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 97(4), 359–372. PubMed
go back to reference Mullen, E. (1995). Mullen scales of early learning. Cranston, RI: T.O.T.A.L. Child, Inc. Mullen, E. (1995). Mullen scales of early learning. Cranston, RI: T.O.T.A.L. Child, Inc.
go back to reference Robins, D. L., Fein, D., Barton, M. L., & Green, J. A. (2001). The modified checklist for autism in toddlers: An initial study investigating the early detection of autism and pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(2), 131–144. PubMedCrossRef Robins, D. L., Fein, D., Barton, M. L., & Green, J. A. (2001). The modified checklist for autism in toddlers: An initial study investigating the early detection of autism and pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(2), 131–144. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rogers, S. J. (2001). Diagnosis of autism before the age of 3. In L. M. Glidden (Ed.), International review of research in mental retardation (Vol. 23, pp. 1–31). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. Rogers, S. J. (2001). Diagnosis of autism before the age of 3. In L. M. Glidden (Ed.), International review of research in mental retardation (Vol. 23, pp. 1–31). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
go back to reference Rogers, S. J., & Lewis, H. (1989). An effective day treatment model for young children with pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 28(2), 207–214. PubMedCrossRef Rogers, S. J., & Lewis, H. (1989). An effective day treatment model for young children with pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 28(2), 207–214. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (1991). Autism diagnostic interview, revised, toddler form. Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (1991). Autism diagnostic interview, revised, toddler form.
go back to reference Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (1995). Autism diagnostic interview, revised-WPS edition. Los Angles, California: Western Psychological Services Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (1995). Autism diagnostic interview, revised-WPS edition. Los Angles, California: Western Psychological Services
go back to reference Saemundsen, E., Magnusson, P., Smari, J., & Sigurdardottir, S. (2003). Autism Diagnostic Interview – revised and the Childhood Autism Rating Scale: Convergence and discrepancy in diagnosing autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33(3), 319–328. PubMedCrossRef Saemundsen, E., Magnusson, P., Smari, J., & Sigurdardottir, S. (2003). Autism Diagnostic Interview – revised and the Childhood Autism Rating Scale: Convergence and discrepancy in diagnosing autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33(3), 319–328. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., DeVellis, R. F., & Daly, K. (1980). Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 10(1), 91–103. PubMedCrossRef Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., DeVellis, R. F., & Daly, K. (1980). Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 10(1), 91–103. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., & Renner, B. R. (1980). The Childhood Autism Rating Scale. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., & Renner, B. R. (1980). The Childhood Autism Rating Scale. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Sheinkopf, S. J., & Siegel, B. (1998). Home based behavioral treatment of young children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 28(1), 15–23. PubMedCrossRef Sheinkopf, S. J., & Siegel, B. (1998). Home based behavioral treatment of young children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 28(1), 15–23. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sparrow, S., Bala, D., & Cicchetti, D. (1984). The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Services. Sparrow, S., Bala, D., & Cicchetti, D. (1984). The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Services.
go back to reference Spitzer, R. L., & Siegel, B. (1990). The DSM-III-R trial of pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, 855–862. PubMedCrossRef Spitzer, R. L., & Siegel, B. (1990). The DSM-III-R trial of pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, 855–862. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stella, J., Mundy, P., & Tuchman, R. (1999). Social and nonsocial factors in the Childhood Autism Rating Scale. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(4), 307–317. PubMedCrossRef Stella, J., Mundy, P., & Tuchman, R. (1999). Social and nonsocial factors in the Childhood Autism Rating Scale. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(4), 307–317. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stone, W. L., Lee, E. B., Ashford, L., Brissie, J., Hepburn, S. L., & Coonrod, E. E., et al. (1999). Can autism be diagnosed accurately in children under 3 years? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40(2), 219–226. CrossRef Stone, W. L., Lee, E. B., Ashford, L., Brissie, J., Hepburn, S. L., & Coonrod, E. E., et al. (1999). Can autism be diagnosed accurately in children under 3 years? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40(2), 219–226. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Agreement Among Four Diagnostic Instruments for Autism Spectrum Disorders in Toddlers
Auteurs
Pamela E. Ventola
Jamie Kleinman
Juhi Pandey
Marianne Barton
Sarah Allen
James Green
Diana Robins
Deborah Fein
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2006
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0128-8