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01-08-2015 | Original Article

Salivary α-Amylase Reactivity to Infant Crying in Maltreating Mothers

Auteurs: Sophie Reijman, Lenneke R. A. Alink, Laura H. C. G. Compier-de Block, Claudia D. Werner, Athanasios Maras, Corine Rijnberk, Marinus H. van IJzendoorn, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 4/2015

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Abstract

Deviant physiological reactivity to infant stimuli has been suggested to underlie maladaptive parenting behavior. Our study involved 44 maltreating and 42 non-maltreating mothers. During a standardized cry paradigm, mothers listened to nine cry sounds of varying pitches. Saliva was collected at baseline, after each cry sound, and after a recovery episode. Salivary α-amylase (sAA) as a marker of autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity was assayed from saliva samples. Maltreating mothers showed lower overall sAA levels and an attenuated reactivity pattern to infant crying as compared to non-maltreating mothers. No effect of type of maltreatment (neglect only vs. neglect and abuse) was found. Furthermore, positive correlations between sAA and heart rate (HR) for non-maltreating mothers differed significantly from non-significant correlations between sAA and HR for maltreating mothers. This suggests anomalous asynchrony between different aspects of the ANS in maltreating mothers. Results indicate a lack of functional autonomic (re)activity as a contributing risk factor to child maltreatment.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Salivary α-Amylase Reactivity to Infant Crying in Maltreating Mothers
Auteurs
Sophie Reijman
Lenneke R. A. Alink
Laura H. C. G. Compier-de Block
Claudia D. Werner
Athanasios Maras
Corine Rijnberk
Marinus H. van IJzendoorn
Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 4/2015
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-014-0499-6

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