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23-01-2018 | Original Article | Uitgave 1/2020 Open Access

Psychological Research 1/2020

Rumination impairs the control of stimulus-induced retrieval of irrelevant information, but not attention, control, or response selection in general

Tijdschrift:
Psychological Research > Uitgave 1/2020
Auteurs:
Lorenza S. Colzato, Laura Steenbergen, Bernhard Hommel

Abstract

The aim of the study was to throw more light on the relationship between rumination and cognitive-control processes. Seventy-eight adults were assessed with respect to rumination tendencies by means of the LEIDS-r before performing a Stroop task, an event-file task assessing the automatic retrieval of irrelevant information, an attentional set-shifting task, and the Attentional Network Task, which provided scores for alerting, orienting, and executive control functioning. The size of the Stroop effect and irrelevant retrieval in the event-five task were positively correlated with the tendency to ruminate, while all other scores did not correlate with any rumination scale. Controlling for depressive tendencies eliminated the Stroop-related finding (an observation that may account for previous failures to replicate), but not the event-file finding. Taken altogether, our results suggest that rumination does not affect attention, executive control, or response selection in general, but rather selectively impairs the control of stimulus-induced retrieval of irrelevant information.

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