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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 5/2006

01-10-2006 | Original Paper

Reactivity of Tic Observation Procedures to Situation and Setting

Auteurs: John Piacentini, Michael B. Himle, Susanna Chang, David E. Baruch, Brian A. Buzzella, Amanda Pearlman, Douglas W. Woods

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 5/2006

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Abstract

Tic frequency was assessed and compared across home and clinic as well as three experimentally-manipulated situations in order to assess the phenomenon of tic reactivity. Forty-three youngsters with chronic tic disorder recruited from two geographically-distinct sites were videotaped over three weekly laboratory visits under each of the following conditions: (1) alone/camera present, (2) other present/camera present, and (3) alone/camera hidden. Contrary to expectation, more tics were observed during overt as compared to covert observation, while the presence of another person had no overall impact on tic expression. Mean tic counts obtained from clinic observation did not significantly differ from those obtained at home collected either one day before or after. Tic frequency counts were remarkably stable over the three weekly assessments both at home and clinic. Study findings are consistent with past observations that tic expression can be influenced by environmental factors and suggest the stability of tic frequency may exhibit greater temporal and setting stability than previously thought. The clinical and research implications of these results are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
Although there was no significant main effect for site F(1, 37)=1.200, p=.NS, σ p 2=.031, there was an observation method by site interaction, F(2, 36)=8.455, p=.001, σ p 2=.320 resulting from a higher rate of tic expression in the Overt-Alone condition at UWM (M=56.5, SD=24.17) as compared to UCLA (M=33.73, SD=23.06, t(41)=3.15, p<.01, d=.96.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Reactivity of Tic Observation Procedures to Situation and Setting
Auteurs
John Piacentini
Michael B. Himle
Susanna Chang
David E. Baruch
Brian A. Buzzella
Amanda Pearlman
Douglas W. Woods
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2006
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 5/2006
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-006-9048-5

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