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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 5/2006

01-10-2006 | Original Paper

A 12-Year Prospective Study of Patterns of Social Information Processing Problems and Externalizing Behaviors

Auteurs: Jennifer E. Lansford, Patrick S. Malone, Kenneth A. Dodge, Joseph C. Crozier, Gregory S. Pettit, John E. Bates

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 5/2006

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Abstract

This study investigated how discrete social information processing (SIP) steps may combine with one another to create distinct groups of youth who are characterized by particular patterns of SIP. SIP assessments were conducted on a community sample of 576 children in kindergarten, with follow-up assessments in grades 3, 8, and 11. At each age, four profiles were created, representing youth with no SIP problems, with early step SIP problems (encoding or making hostile attributions), with later step SIP problems (selecting instrumental goals, generating aggressive responses, or evaluating aggression positively), and with pervasive SIP problems. Although patterns of SIP problems were related to concurrent externalizing during elementary school, the consistency between cognition and future externalizing behavior was not as strong in elementary school as it was between grades 8 and 11. In some cases, youth characterized by the co-occurrence of problems in early and later SIP steps had higher externalizing scores than did youth characterized by problems in just one or the other.
Voetnoten
1
We investigated this possibility by conducting three MANCOVAs, controlling for gender, ethnicity, and prior externalizing. In the first MANCOVA, early and later step SIP problems in kindergarten were examined as predictors of grade 3 externalizing; early step SIP problems significantly predicted grade 3 externalizing. In the second MANCOVA, early and later step SIP problems in grade 3 were examined as predictors of grade 8 externalizing; early step SIP problems significantly predicted grade 8 externalizing. In the third MANCOVA, early and later step SIP problems in kindergarten were examined as predictors of grade 8 externalizing; neither early nor later step SIP problems in kindergarten significantly predicted grade 8 externalizing. These findings lend support to the speculation that developmentally more recent characteristics have a greater impact on externalizing than do developmentally more distant characteristics.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
A 12-Year Prospective Study of Patterns of Social Information Processing Problems and Externalizing Behaviors
Auteurs
Jennifer E. Lansford
Patrick S. Malone
Kenneth A. Dodge
Joseph C. Crozier
Gregory S. Pettit
John E. Bates
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2006
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 5/2006
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-006-9057-4

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