Psychosocial predictors of long-term mortality among women with suspected myocardial ischemia: the NHLBI-sponsored Women’s Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 4/2016Log in om toegang te krijgen
This paper evaluated long-term associations between psychosocial factors and premature mortality among women with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). We tracked total mortality events over a median 9.3 years in a cohort of 517 women [baseline mean age = 58.3 (11.4) years]. Baseline evaluations included coronary angiography, psychosocial testing, and CAD risk factors. Measures included the Spielberger Trait Anxiety Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, self-rated health, and Social Network Index. Cox regression analysis was used to assess relationships. Covariates included age, CAD risk factors, and CAD severity. BDI scores (HR 1.09, 95 % CI 1.02–1.15), STAI scores (HR .86, 95 % CI .78–.93), and very good self-rated health (relative to the poor self-rated health group; HR .33, 95 % CI .12–.96) each independently predicted time to mortality outcomes in the combined model. SNI scores (HR .91, 95 % CI .81–1.06) and other self-rated health categories (i.e., fair, good, and excellent categories) were not significant mortality predictors after adjusting for other psychosocial factors. These results reinforce and extend prior psychosocial research in CAD populations.