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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 4/2016

11-03-2016

Is waiting bad for subjective health?

Auteurs: Jennifer L. Howell, Kate Sweeny

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 4/2016

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Abstract

The present study examined the possibility that waiting is bad for one’s subjective health. Specifically, we examined longitudinal trends in the self-reported health, self-reported sleep disruption, distress, and emotion regulation strategies of law school graduates waiting for their bar exam results. Multilevel analyses suggest that waiting was particularly detrimental to participants’ self-reported health and sleep disruption at the beginning and end of the waiting period. Moreover, distress and most emotion regulation efforts were associated with poorer subjective health on average, and personal increases in distress and emotion regulation were largely associated with personal increases in poor self-reported health and sleep disruption. Our results suggest that waiting periods can take a toll on subjective health and that individual and temporal variations in distress and emotion regulation efforts are associated with these health trajectories.
Voetnoten
1
When we report scale properties (e.g., internal consistency, measures of central tendency), we give the average across all time points.
 
2
In all models we used a conservative covariance structure that assumed no correlation between time points (i.e., variance components structure). Importantly, opting to allow nearby measurements to correlate most with one another (i.e., a diagonal covariance structure) or even adopting a completely unstructured covariance structure (i.e., allowing all time points to correlate according to the data) produced no substantive difference in the pattern of results.
 
3
The ICC is calculated as between person variance/(between person variance + within person variance).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Is waiting bad for subjective health?
Auteurs
Jennifer L. Howell
Kate Sweeny
Publicatiedatum
11-03-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 4/2016
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9729-7