Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Growing concern about the negative effects experienced by youth exposed to cyberbullying victimization has led to a rapid increase of scientific inquiry in this area in recent years. However, few studies have focused on younger children despite some evidence suggesting substantial technology use among children in elementary school. To that end, the purpose of the present study was to explore change in cyberbullying victimization across time among a sample of elementary school students and to examine how such change impacted later health-related outcomes. A total of 660 and 960 3rd through 5th grade students participated in year one and year two of the study respectively. Latent-variable growth curve modeling (LGM) was used to examine changes in cyberbullying victimization across four waves of data and to explore the impact of these changes on later social, emotional and academic outcomes. Results revealed no consistent pattern of growth in victimization among participants over the course of the study. However, initial levels of cyberbullying victimization were significantly different from zero, suggesting that a notable number of participants reported exposure to this form of victimization at baseline data collection. Further, initial levels of cyberbullying victimization were found to have a significant impact on later health outcomes, including self-esteem and school connection with depressive symptoms approaching significance.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Angold, A., Costello, E. J., Messer, S. C., Pickles, A., Winder, F., & Silver, D. (1995). The development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 237–249.
Bayar, Y., & Uçanok, Z. (2012). School social climate and generalized peer perception in traditional and cyberbullying status. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 12, 2352–2358.
Berne, S., Frisén, A., Schultze-Krumbholz, A., Scheithauer, H., Naruskov, K., & Luik, P., et al. (2013). Cyberbullying assessment instruments: a systematic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18, 320–334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2012.11.022. CrossRef
Biggs, B. K., Vernberg, E. M., Fonagy, P., Twemlow, S. W., Little, T. D., & Dill, E. J. (2010). Peer victimization trajectories and their association with children’s affect in late elementary school. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 34, 136–146. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025409348560. CrossRef
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1989). Ecological systems theory. In R. Vasta (Ed.), Annals of child development (pp. 187–249). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press Inc.
Common Sense Media. (2013). Zero to eight: children’s media use in America 2013. San Francisco: Common Sense Media. https://www.commonsensemedia.org/research/zero-to-eight-childrens-media-use-in-america-2013.
Curran, P. J., Stice, E., & Chassis, L. (1997). The relation between adolescent alcohol use and peer alcohol use: a longitudinal random coefficients model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 130–140. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.65.1.130. CrossRefPubMed
Daviss, W. B., Birmaher, B., Melhem, N. A., Axelson, D. A., Michaels, S. M., & Brent, D. A. (2006). Criterion validity of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire for depressive episodes in clinic and non-clinic subjects. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 927–934. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2006.01646.x. CrossRefPubMed
Dill, E. J., Vernberg, E. M., Fonagy, P., Twemlow, S. W., & Gamm, B. K. (2004). Negative affect in victimized children: the roles of social withdrawal, peer rejection, and attitudes towards bullying. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 159–173. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JACP.0000019768.31348.81. CrossRefPubMed
Enders, C. K. (2010). Applied missing data analysis. New York, NY: Guilford Publications.
Espelage, D. L., Bosworth, K., & Simon, T. R. (2000). Examining the social context of bullying behaviors in early adolescence. Journal of Counseling and Development, 78, 326–333. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb01914.x. CrossRef
Fanti, K. A., Demetriou, A. G., & Hawa, V. V. (2012). A longitudinal study of cyberbullying: examining risk and protective factors. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9, 168–181. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2011.643169. CrossRef
Görzig, A., & Machackova, H. (2015). Cyberbullying from a socio-ecological perspective: a contemporary synthesis of findings from EU kids online. LSE, London: Media@LSE.
Hawley, P. H., & Williford, A. (2015). Articulating the theory of bullying intervention programs: views from the theory of planned behavior, ecological systems theory, and organizational science. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 37, 3–15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2014.11.006. CrossRef
Hemphill, S. A., Kotevski, A., & Heerde, J. A. (2015). Longitudinal associations between cyber-bullying perpetration and victimization and problem behavior and mental health problems in young Australians. International Journal of Public Health, 60, 227–237. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-014-0644-9. CrossRefPubMed
Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2010). Bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide. Archives of Suicide Research, 14, 206–221. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811118.201.494133. CrossRefPubMed
Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2016). 2016 cyberbullying data. Retrieved from http://www.cyberbullying.us
Holloway, D., Green, L., & Livingstone, S. (2013). Zero to eight. Young children and their internet use. LSE, London: EU Kids Online.
Juvonen, J., & Gross, E. F. (2008). Bullying experiences in cyberspace. The Journal of School Health, 78, 496–505. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00335.x. CrossRefPubMed
Kowalski, R. M., & Limber, S. P. (2007). Electronic bullying among middle school students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, S22–S30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.08.017. CrossRefPubMed
Kowalski, R. M., Limber, S. P., & Agatston, P. W. (2012). Cyberbullying: Bullying in the digital age (2nd ed.). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Law, D. M., Shapka, J. D., Hymel, S., Olson, B. F., & Waterhouse, T. (2011). The changing face of bullying: an empirical comparison between traditional and internet bulling and victimization. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 226–232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2011.09.004. CrossRef
Lenhart, A. (2015). Teens, social media & technology overview 2015: smart phones facilitate shifts in communication landscape for teens. Washington, DC: Pew Research Center.
Li, Q. (2007). New bottle but old wine: a research of cyberbullying in schools. Computers in Human Behavior, 23, 1777–1791. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2005.10.005.CrossRef
Little, T. (2013). Longitudinal structural equation modeling. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Madden, M., Lenhart, A., Duggan, M., Cortesi, S., & Gasser, U. (2013). Teens and technology 2013. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project.
von Marées, N., & Petermann, F. (2012). Cyberbullying: an increasing challenge for schools. School Psychology International, 33, 467–476. CrossRef
Messer, S. C., Angold, A., Costello, E. J., Loeber, R., Van Kammen, W., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents: factor composition and structure across development. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 251–262.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998). Mplus User’s Guide. 7th ed. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Nansel, T., Overpeck, M., Pilla, R., Ruan, W., Simons-Morton, B., & Scheidt, P. (2001). Bullying behaviors among U.S. youth: prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 285, 2094–2100. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.285.16.2094. CrossRefPubMed
Olweus, D. (2012). Cyberbullying: an overrated phenomenon? European. Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9, 520–538. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2012.682358. CrossRef
Patchin, J. W., & Hinduja, S. (2010). Cyberbullying and self-esteem. Journal of School Health, 80, 614–621. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00549.x. CrossRefPubMed
Resnick, M. D., Bearman, P. S., Blum, R. W., Bauman, K. E., Harris, K. M., Jones, J., & Tabor, J., et al. (1997). Protecting adolescents from harm: findings from the National Longitudinal Study on adolescent health. JAMA, 278, 823–832. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1997.03550100049038. CrossRefPubMed
Rhemtulla, M., & Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2011). Correlated longitudinal changes across linguistic, achievement, and psychomotor domains in early childhood: evidence for a global dimension of development. Developmental Science, 14, 1245–1254. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2011.01071.x. CrossRefPubMed
Rodkin, P. C., & Hodges, E. V. E. (2003). Bullies and victims in the peer ecology: four questions for psychologists and school professionals. School Psychology Review, 32, 384–400.
Robers, S., Zhang, J., Truman, J., & Synder, T.D. (2010). Indicators of school crime and safety: 2010 (NCES 2011–002/NCJ 230812). U.S. Department of Education, U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved from: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2011/2011002.pdf.
Rosenberg, M. (1986). Conceiving the Self. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company.
Salmivalli, C., & Isaacs, J. (2005). Prospective relations among victimization, rejection, friendlessness, and children’s self- and peer-perceptions. Child Development, 76, 1161–1171. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2005.00841.x-i1. CrossRefPubMed
Sjursø, I. R., Fandrem, H., & Roland, E. (2016). Emotional problems in traditional and cyber victimization. Journal of School Violence, 15(1), 114–131. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2014.996718. CrossRef
Slonje, R., Smith, P. K., & Frisén, A. (2013). The nature of cyberbullying, and strategies for prevention. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 26–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.05.024. CrossRef
Smith, P. K. (2012). Cyberbullying and cyber aggression. In S. R. Jimerson, A. B. Nickerson, M. J. Mayer & M. J. Furlong (Eds.), Handbook of school violence and school safety (pp. 93–103). New York, NY: Routledge.
Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 376–385. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01846.x. CrossRefPubMed
Smokowski, P. R., Evans, C. B. R., & Cotter, K. L. (2014). The differential impacts of episodic, chronic, and cumulative physical bullying and cyberbullying: the effects of victimization on the school experiences, social support, and mental health of rural adolescents. Violence and Victims, 29, 1029–1046. https://doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-13-00076. CrossRefPubMed
Sourander, A., Brunstein Klomek, A., Ikonen, M., Lindroos, J., Luntamo, T., Koskelainen, M., Ristkari, T., & Helenius, H. (2010). Psychosocial risk factors associated with cyberbullying among adolescents. Archives of General, 67, 720–728. https://doi.org/10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.79.CrossRef
Tokunaga, R. S. (2010). Following you home from school: a critical review a synthesis of research on cyberbullying victimization. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 277–287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.11.014. CrossRef
Varni, J. W., Magnus, B., Stucky, B. D., Liu, Y., Quinn, H., & Thissen, D., et al. (2014). Psychometric properties of the PROMIS® pediatric Scales: precision, stability, and comparison of different scoring and administration options. Quality of Life Research, 23, 1233–1243. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-013-0544-0. CrossRefPubMed
Waasdorp, T. E., & Bradshaw, C. P. (2015). The overlap between cyberbullying and traditional bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56, 483–488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.12.002. CrossRefPubMed
Ybarra, M. L., Diener-West, M., & Leaf, P. J. (2007). Examining the overlap in internet harassment and school bullying: implications for school intervention. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, S42–S50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.004. CrossRefPubMed
- Pathways from Cyberbullying Victimization to Negative Health Outcomes among Elementary School Students: a Longitudinal Investigation
Kathryn J. DePaolis
- Springer US
- Journal of Child and Family Studies
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843