Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
There is a dearth of research examining the relation between adolescent peer victimization and internalizing symptoms during emerging adulthood. This retrospective study examined relations among offline and online peer victimization, internalizing symptoms, as well as offline and online social support. A sample of 416 participants aged 18–24 was recruited and self-report data on adolescent victimization, support, and internalizing symptoms were collected. The results showed that retrospective reports of peer victimization and social support predicted current internalizing symptomology. However, this varied as a function of online/offline context and symptomology. Specifically peer victimization was more predictive of depressive symptoms than social anxiety symptoms. Offline social support predicted fewer internalizing symptoms, but online support did not. Social support diminished the association between peer victimization and social anxiety.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Analitis, F., Velderman, M. K., Ravens-Sieberer, U., Detmar, S., Erhart, M., & Herdman, M., et al. (2009). Being bullied: associated factors in children and adolescents 8 to 18 years old in 11 European countries. Pediatrics, 123(2), 569–577. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2008-0323. CrossRefPubMed
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.
Berscheid, E. (1994). Interpersonal relationships. Annual Review of Psychology, 45, 79–129. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ps.45.020194.000455. CrossRef
Boulton, M. J., & Underwood, K. (1992). Bully/victim problems among middle school children. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 62, 73–87. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8279.1992.tb01000.x. CrossRefPubMed
Claes, L., Luyckx, K., Baetens, I., Van de Ven, M., & Witteman, C. (2015). Bullying and victimization, depressive mood, and non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents: the moderating role of parental support. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(11), 3363–3371. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0138-2. CrossRef
Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 310–357. CrossRef
Copeland, W. E., Wolke, D., Angold, A., & Costello, E. J. (2013). Adult psychiatric outcomes of bullying and being bullied by peers in child- hood and adolescence. Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry, 70, 419–426. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.504. CrossRefPubMed
Davidson, L. M., & Demaray, M. K. (2007). Social support as a moderator between victimization and internalizing–externalizing distress from bullying. School Psychology Review, 36(3), 383–405.
Dawson, J. F., & Richter, A. W. (2006). Probing three-way interactions in moderated multiple regression: development and application of a slope difference test. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(4), 917 https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.91.4.917. CrossRefPubMed
Espelage, L. D., Bosworth, K., & Simon, T. R. (2000). Examining the social context of bullying behavior in early adolescence. Journal of Counseling and Development, 78, 326–333. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb01914.x. CrossRef
Espelage, L. D., & Swearer, S. M. (2003). Research on school bullying and victimization: What have we learned and where do we go from here? School Psychology Review, 32(3), 365–383.
Finkelhor, D., & Dziuba-Leatherman, J. (1994). Victimization of children. American Psychologist, 49, 173–183. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.49.3.173. CrossRefPubMed
Friedman, M. S., Koeske, G. F., Silvestre, A. J., Korr, W. S., & Sites, E. W. (2006). The impact of gender-role nonconforming behavior, bullying, and social support on suicidality among gay male youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38, 621–623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2005.04.014. CrossRefPubMed
Frison, E., & Eggermont, S. (2015). Exploring the relationships between different types of Facebook use, perceived online social support, and adolescents’ depressed mood. Social Science Computer Review, 0894439314567449. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894439314567449
Frison, E., & Subrahmanyam, K. (2017). In The relation between face-to-face and digital interactions and college students’ self-esteem: a daily diary study. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the International Communication Association, San Diego
Gladstone, G., Parker, G., & Malhi, G. (2006). Do bullied children become anxious and depressed adults? A cross-sectional investigation of the correlates of bullying and anxious depression. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 194, 201–208. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.nmd.0000202491.99719.c3. CrossRefPubMed
Glüer, M., & Lohaus, A. (2015). Frequency of victimization experiences and well-being among online, offline, and combined victims on social online network sites of German children and adolescents. Frontiers in Public Health, 3. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2015.00274
Goldbaum, S., Craig, W. M., Pepler, D., & Connolly, J. (2007). Developmental trajectories of victimization: identifying risk and protective factors. In J. E. Zins, M. J. Elias & C. A. Maher (Eds.), Bullying, victimization, and peer harassment: A handbook of prevention and intervention (pp. 143–160). New York: Haworth Press .
Juvonen, J., Nishina, A., & Graham, S. (2000). Peer harassment, psychological adjustment, and school functioning in early adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92, 349–359. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-06220.127.116.119. CrossRef
Klomek, A. B., Sourander, A., & Gould, M. (2010). The association of suicide and bullying in childhood to young adulthood: a review of cross-sectional and longitudinal research findings. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 55, 282–288. CrossRef
Korchmaros, J. D., Ybarra, M. L., & Mitchell, K. J. (2015). Adolescent online romantic relationship initiation: differences by sexual and gender identification. Journal of Adolescence, 40, 54–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2015.01.004. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Kowalski, R. M., Limber, S. E., & Agatston, P. W. (2012). Cyberbullying: Bullying in the digital age. 2nd ed. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.
Landoll, R. R., La Greca, A. M., Lai, B. S., Chan, S. F., & Herge, W. M. (2015). Cyber victimization by peers: prospective associations with adolescent social anxiety and depressive symptoms. Journal of Adolescence, 42, 77–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2015.04.002. CrossRefPubMed
Leff, S. S. (2007). Bullying and peer victimization at school: Considerations and future directions. School Psychology Review, 36(3), 406–412.
Mattick, R. P., & Clarke, J. C. (1998). Development and validation of measures of social phobia scrutiny fear and social interaction anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36(4), 455–470. CrossRef
Nansel, T. R., Craig, W., Overpeck, M. D., Saluja, G., & Ruan, W. J. (2004). Cross-national consistency in the relationship between bullying behaviors and psychosocial adjustment. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 158(8), 730–736. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.158.8.730. CrossRef
Olweus, D. (1993a). Bully/victim problems among school children: long-term consequences and an effective intervention program. In S. Hodgins (Ed.), Mental Disorder and Crime (pp. 317–349). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Olweus, D. (1993b). Victimization by peers: antecedents and long-term outcomes. In K. H. Rubin & J. B. Asendorf (Eds.), Social withdrawal, inhibition, and shyness in childhood (pp. 315–341). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Pantic, I., Damjanovic, A., Todorovic, J., Topalovic, D., Bojovic-Jovic, D., Ristic, S., & Pantic, S. (2012). Association between online social networking and depression in high school students: behavioral physiology viewpoint. Psychiatria Danubina, 24, 90–93. PubMed
Pew Research Center (2012). Digital divides and bridges: Technology use among youth. http://www.pewinternet.org/2012/04/13/digital-divides-and-bridges-technology-use-among-youth/. Accessed 12 May, 2016.
Reijntjes, A., Kamphuis, J. H., Prinzie, P., & Telch, M. J. (2010). Peer victimization and internalizing problems in children: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34, 244–252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2009.07.009. CrossRef
Rigby, K., & Slee, P. (1999). Suicidal ideation among adolescent school children, involvement in bully—victim problems, and perceived social support. Suicide and Life-threatening Behavior, 29(2), 119–130. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1943-278X.1999.tb01050.x. CrossRefPubMed
Rosen, L. H., Underwood, M. K., Gentsch, J. K., Rahdar, A., & Wharton, M. E. (2012). Emerging adults’ recollections of peer victimization experiences during middle school. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 33, 273–281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2012.07.006. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Schwartz, D., Lansford, J. E., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (2015). Peer victimization during middle childhood as a lead indicator of internalizing problems and diagnostic outcomes in late adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 44(3), 393–404. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2014.881293. CrossRef
Smithyman, T. F., Fireman, G. D., & Asher, Y. (2014). Long-term psychosocial consequences of peer victimization: from elementary to high school. School Psychology Quarterly, 29(1), 64. CrossRef
Stapinski, L. A., Bowes, L., Wolke, D., Pearson, R. M., Mahedy, L., Button, K. S., Lewis, G., & Araya, R. (2014). Peer victimization during adolescence and risk for anxiety disorders in adulthood: A prospective cohort study. Depression and Anxiety, 31, 574–582. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22270. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Subrahmanyam, K. S., & Šmahel, D. (2012). Digital youth: The role of media in development. New York: Springer.
Sumter, S. R., & Baumgartner, S. E. (2017). Psychosomatic complaints in adolescence: untangling the relationship between offline and online peer victimization, psychosomatic complaints and social support. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 14(4), 399–415. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2016.1215980. CrossRef
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. New York, NY: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson Education.
Tennant, J. E., Demaray, M. K., Coyle, S., & Malecki, C. K. (2015). The dangers of the web: Cybervictimization, depression, and social support in college students. Computers in Human Behavior, 50, 348–357. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.04.014. CrossRef
Tokunaga, R. S. (2010). Following you home from school: A critical review and synthesis of research on cyberbullying victimization. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(3), 277–287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.11.014. CrossRef
Toomey, R. B., Ryan, C., Diaz, R. M., Card, N. A., & Russell, S. T. (2013). Gender-nonconforming lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth: School victimization and young adult psychosocial adjustment. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 1, 71–80. https://doi.org/10.1037/2329-0382.1.S.71. CrossRef
Ttofi, M. M., Bowes, L., Farrington, D. P., & Lösel, F. (2014). Protective factors interrupting the continuity from school bullying to later internalizing and externalizing problems: a systematic review of prospective longitudinal studies. Journal of School Violence, 13(1), 5–38. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2013.857345. CrossRef
Ttofi, M. M., Farrington, D. P., Losel, F., & Loeber, R. (2011). Do the victims of school bullies tend to become depressed later in life? A systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 3, 63–73. https://doi.org/10.1108/17596591111132873. CrossRef
Valkenburg, P., & Peter, J. (2007). Preadolescents’ and adolescents’ online communication and their closeness to friends. Developmental Psychology, 43, 267–277. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1687. CrossRefPubMed
Vaillancourt, T., Hymel, S., & McDougall, P. (2013). The biological underpinnings of peer victimization: Understanding why and how the effects of bullying can last a lifetime. Theory into Practice, 52, 241–248. https://doi.org/10.1080/00405841.2013.829726. CrossRef
Vassallo, S., Edwards, B., Renda, J., & Olsson, C. A. (2014). Bullying in early adolescence and antisocial behavior and depression six years later: What are the protective factors? Journal of School Violence, 13, 100–124. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2013.840643. CrossRef
Ybarra, M. L., boyd, D., Korchmaros, J. D., & Oppenheim, J. K. (2012). Defining and measuring cyberbullying within the larger context of bullying victimization. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51, 53–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.12.031. CrossRefPubMed
Ybarra, M. L., Mitchell, J. K., Palmer, N. A., & Reisner, S. L. (2015). Online social support as a buffer against online and offline peer and sexual victimization among U.S. LGBT and non-LGBT youth. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19, 123–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.08.006. CrossRef
- Adolescent Peer Victimization and Internalizing Symptoms During Emerging Adulthood: The Role of Online and Offline Social Support
- Springer US