Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

01-09-2003 | Artikelen

Piekeren bij kinderen

Thema's, voorkomen en het verband met angst

Auteurs: Sandy De Cuyper, Annemie Verbeeren

Gepubliceerd in: Kind en adolescent | Uitgave 3/2003

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Samenvatting

Piekeren wordt omschreven als het anticiperen op en elaboreren of cognitief uitwerken van mogelijke bedreigende resultaten van een situatie. Dit cognitief fenomeen werd nader bekeken in het huidige onderzoek, verricht bij een steekproef van 98 basisschoolkinderen. Ten eerste werd nagegaan of er een verband bestaat tussen piekeren en angst en ten tweede of piekeren vanuit een ontwikkelingsperspectief kan worden gezien. De meting gebeurde aan de hand van twee experimentele versies van vragenlijsten voor piekeren en twee angstvragenlijsten. Er bleek een positief verband te bestaan tussen piekeren en angst. De leeftijdsverschillen in de piekerparameters bereikten geen significantie, waardoor een ontwikkelingsverloop van piekeren niet wordt bevestigd.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (dsm-iv). Washington, dc: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (dsm-iv). Washington, dc: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference Bakker, F. C., Van Wieringen, P. C. W., Van der Ploeg, H. M., & Spielberger, C. D. (1989). Handleiding bij de Zelf-Beoordelings-Vragenlijst voor Kinderen. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger. Bakker, F. C., Van Wieringen, P. C. W., Van der Ploeg, H. M., & Spielberger, C. D. (1989). Handleiding bij de Zelf-Beoordelings-Vragenlijst voor Kinderen. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.
go back to reference Barlow, D. H. (1988). Anxiety and its disorders: The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic. New York: Guilford. Barlow, D. H. (1988). Anxiety and its disorders: The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Borkovec, T. D. (1985). Worry: A potentially valuable concept. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23, 481–482.CrossRef Borkovec, T. D. (1985). Worry: A potentially valuable concept. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23, 481–482.CrossRef
go back to reference Borkovec, T. D., Robinson, E., Pruzinsky, T., & DePree, J. A. (1983). Preliminary exploration of worry: some characteristics and processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21, 9–16.CrossRef Borkovec, T. D., Robinson, E., Pruzinsky, T., & DePree, J. A. (1983). Preliminary exploration of worry: some characteristics and processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21, 9–16.CrossRef
go back to reference Borkovec, T. D., Shadick, R., & Hopkins, M. (1991). The nature of normal worry and pathological worry. In R. M. Rapee, & D. H. Barlow (Eds.), Chronic anxiety: Generalized anxiety disorder and mixed anxiety-depression (pp. 29–51). New York: Guilford Press. Borkovec, T. D., Shadick, R., & Hopkins, M. (1991). The nature of normal worry and pathological worry. In R. M. Rapee, & D. H. Barlow (Eds.), Chronic anxiety: Generalized anxiety disorder and mixed anxiety-depression (pp. 29–51). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Breznitz, S. (1971). A study of worrying. British Journal of social and clinical Psychology, 10, 271–179.CrossRef Breznitz, S. (1971). A study of worrying. British Journal of social and clinical Psychology, 10, 271–179.CrossRef
go back to reference Chorpita, B. F., Tracey, S. A., Brown, T. A., Collica, T. J., & Barlow, D. H. (1997). Assessment of worry in children and adolescents: An adaptation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 569–581.CrossRef Chorpita, B. F., Tracey, S. A., Brown, T. A., Collica, T. J., & Barlow, D. H. (1997). Assessment of worry in children and adolescents: An adaptation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 569–581.CrossRef
go back to reference Davey, G. C. L. (1993). A comparison of three worry questionnaires. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31, 51–56.CrossRef Davey, G. C. L. (1993). A comparison of three worry questionnaires. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31, 51–56.CrossRef
go back to reference Davey, G. C. L., Hampton, J., Farrell, J., & Davidson, S. (1992). Some characteristics of worrying: Evidence for worrying and anxiety as separate constructs. Personality and Individual Differences, 13, 133–147.CrossRef Davey, G. C. L., Hampton, J., Farrell, J., & Davidson, S. (1992). Some characteristics of worrying: Evidence for worrying and anxiety as separate constructs. Personality and Individual Differences, 13, 133–147.CrossRef
go back to reference Evers, A., Van Vliet-Mulder, J. C., & Ter Laak, J. (1992). Documentatie van Tests en Testresearch in Nederland. Assen/Maastricht: Van Gorcum. Evers, A., Van Vliet-Mulder, J. C., & Ter Laak, J. (1992). Documentatie van Tests en Testresearch in Nederland. Assen/Maastricht: Van Gorcum.
go back to reference Gottlieb, D., & Bronstein, P. (1996). Parents’ perceptions of children's worries in a changing world. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 157, 104–118.CrossRef Gottlieb, D., & Bronstein, P. (1996). Parents’ perceptions of children's worries in a changing world. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 157, 104–118.CrossRef
go back to reference Hermans, D. (1999). Piekeren over piekeren: meta-cognities en de cognitief gedragstherapeutische behandeling van gegeneraliseerde angststoornis. Berichtenbladvvgt, 6–14. Hermans, D. (1999). Piekeren over piekeren: meta-cognities en de cognitief gedragstherapeutische behandeling van gegeneraliseerde angststoornis. Berichtenbladvvgt, 6–14.
go back to reference Janis, I. L. (1971). Stress and frustration. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Janis, I. L. (1971). Stress and frustration. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
go back to reference Joormann, J., & Stöber, J. (1997). Measuring facets of worry: A Lisrel analysis of the Worry Domains Questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 23, 827–837.CrossRef Joormann, J., & Stöber, J. (1997). Measuring facets of worry: A Lisrel analysis of the Worry Domains Questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 23, 827–837.CrossRef
go back to reference Mathews, A. (1990). Why worry? The cognitive function of anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 28, 455–468.CrossRef Mathews, A. (1990). Why worry? The cognitive function of anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 28, 455–468.CrossRef
go back to reference Meyer, T. J., Miller, M. L., Metzger, R. L., & Borkovec, T. D. (1990). Development and validation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 28, 487–495.CrossRef Meyer, T. J., Miller, M. L., Metzger, R. L., & Borkovec, T. D. (1990). Development and validation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 28, 487–495.CrossRef
go back to reference Muris, P., Meesters, C., Merckelbach, H., & Hülsenbeck, P. (2000). Worry in children is related to perceived parental rearing and attachment. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 487–497.CrossRef Muris, P., Meesters, C., Merckelbach, H., & Hülsenbeck, P. (2000). Worry in children is related to perceived parental rearing and attachment. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 487–497.CrossRef
go back to reference Ollendick, T. H. (1983). Reliability and validity of the Revised Fear Survey Schedule for Children (fssc-r). Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21, 685–692.CrossRef Ollendick, T. H. (1983). Reliability and validity of the Revised Fear Survey Schedule for Children (fssc-r). Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21, 685–692.CrossRef
go back to reference Oosterlaan, J., Prins, P. J. M., Hartman, C. A., & Sergeant, J. A. (1995). Handleiding bij de Vragenlijst voor Angst bij Kinderen, vak. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger. Oosterlaan, J., Prins, P. J. M., Hartman, C. A., & Sergeant, J. A. (1995). Handleiding bij de Vragenlijst voor Angst bij Kinderen, vak. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.
go back to reference Orton, G. L. (1982). A comparative studie of children's worries. The Journal of Psychology, 110, 153–162.CrossRef Orton, G. L. (1982). A comparative studie of children's worries. The Journal of Psychology, 110, 153–162.CrossRef
go back to reference Perrin, S., & Last, C. G. (1997). Worrisome thoughts in children clinically referred for anxiety disorder. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 26, 181–189.CrossRef Perrin, S., & Last, C. G. (1997). Worrisome thoughts in children clinically referred for anxiety disorder. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 26, 181–189.CrossRef
go back to reference Piaget, J. (1970). Piaget's theory. In P. H. Mussen (Ed.), Carmichael's manual of child psychology (pp. 703–732). New York: John Wiley. Piaget, J. (1970). Piaget's theory. In P. H. Mussen (Ed.), Carmichael's manual of child psychology (pp. 703–732). New York: John Wiley.
go back to reference Silverman, W. K., La Greca, A. M., & Wasserstein, S. (1995). What do children worry about? Worries and their relation to anxiety. Child development, 66, 671–686.CrossRef Silverman, W. K., La Greca, A. M., & Wasserstein, S. (1995). What do children worry about? Worries and their relation to anxiety. Child development, 66, 671–686.CrossRef
go back to reference Spielberger, C. D. (1983). State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, California: Consulting Psychologists Press. Spielberger, C. D. (1983). State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, California: Consulting Psychologists Press.
go back to reference Spielberger, C. D., Edwards, C. D., Lushene, R. E., Montuori, J., & Platzek, D. (1973). The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (preliminary manual). Palo Alto, Californië: Consulting Psychologists Press. Spielberger, C. D., Edwards, C. D., Lushene, R. E., Montuori, J., & Platzek, D. (1973). The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (preliminary manual). Palo Alto, Californië: Consulting Psychologists Press.
go back to reference Stevenson-Hinde, J., & Shouldice, A. (1995). 4.5 to 7 years: Fearful behaviour, fears and worries. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 1027–1038.CrossRef Stevenson-Hinde, J., & Shouldice, A. (1995). 4.5 to 7 years: Fearful behaviour, fears and worries. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 1027–1038.CrossRef
go back to reference Stöber, J. (1998). Reliability and validity of two widely-used worry questionnaires: Self-report and self-peer convergence. Personality and Individual Differences, 24, 887–890.CrossRef Stöber, J. (1998). Reliability and validity of two widely-used worry questionnaires: Self-report and self-peer convergence. Personality and Individual Differences, 24, 887–890.CrossRef
go back to reference Tallis, F., Davey, G. C. L., & Bond, A. (1994). The Worry Domains Questionnaire. In G. C. L. Davey, & F. Tallis (Eds.), Worrying: Perspectives on theory, assessment and treatment (pp. 285–297). Chicester, England: John Wiley & Sons. Tallis, F., Davey, G. C. L., & Bond, A. (1994). The Worry Domains Questionnaire. In G. C. L. Davey, & F. Tallis (Eds.), Worrying: Perspectives on theory, assessment and treatment (pp. 285–297). Chicester, England: John Wiley & Sons.
go back to reference Tallis, F., Eysenck, M., & Mathews, A. (1992). A questionnaire for the measurement of nonpathological worry. Personality and Individual Differences, 13, 161–168.CrossRef Tallis, F., Eysenck, M., & Mathews, A. (1992). A questionnaire for the measurement of nonpathological worry. Personality and Individual Differences, 13, 161–168.CrossRef
go back to reference Van Rijsoort, S., Emmelkamp, P., & Vervaeke, G. (1999). The Penn State Worry Questionnaire and the Worry Domains Questionnaire: structure, reliability and validity. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 6, 297–307.CrossRef Van Rijsoort, S., Emmelkamp, P., & Vervaeke, G. (1999). The Penn State Worry Questionnaire and the Worry Domains Questionnaire: structure, reliability and validity. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 6, 297–307.CrossRef
go back to reference Vasey, M. W. (1993). Development and cognition in childhood anxiety: The example of worry. In T. H. Ollendick, & R. J. Prinz (Eds.), Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, 15 (pp. 1–39). New York: Plenum Press. Vasey, M. W. (1993). Development and cognition in childhood anxiety: The example of worry. In T. H. Ollendick, & R. J. Prinz (Eds.), Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, 15 (pp. 1–39). New York: Plenum Press.
go back to reference Vasey, M. W., Crnic, K. A., & Carter, W. G. (1994). Worry in childhood: A developmental perspective. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 18, 529–549.CrossRef Vasey, M. W., Crnic, K. A., & Carter, W. G. (1994). Worry in childhood: A developmental perspective. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 18, 529–549.CrossRef
go back to reference Vasey, M. W., & Daleiden, E. L. (1994). Worry in children. In G. C. L. Davey, & Tallis (Eds.), Worrying: Perspectives on theory, assessment and treatment (pp. 185–207). Chicester, England: John Wiley & Sons. Vasey, M. W., & Daleiden, E. L. (1994). Worry in children. In G. C. L. Davey, & Tallis (Eds.), Worrying: Perspectives on theory, assessment and treatment (pp. 185–207). Chicester, England: John Wiley & Sons.
go back to reference Zebb, B. J., & Beck, J. G. (1998). Worry versus Anxiety. Is There Really a Difference? Behavior Modification, 22, 45–61.CrossRef Zebb, B. J., & Beck, J. G. (1998). Worry versus Anxiety. Is There Really a Difference? Behavior Modification, 22, 45–61.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Piekeren bij kinderen
Thema's, voorkomen en het verband met angst
Auteurs
Sandy De Cuyper
Annemie Verbeeren
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2003
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Kind en adolescent / Uitgave 3/2003
Print ISSN: 0167-2436
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-5998
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03060883

Andere artikelen Uitgave 3/2003

Kind en adolescent 3/2003 Naar de uitgave

Redactioneel

Doorgronden