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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 12/2021

14-10-2021 | Original Paper

Parenting Practices and Cognitive Development of Preschool-Aged Children: Evidence from Rural China

Auteurs: Yu Bai, Buyao Liu, Lei Wang, Mengjie Li, Siqi Zhang, Ruirui Dang, Lijuan Zheng, Ning Yang, Chuyu Song

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 12/2021

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Abstract

The overall goal of this study was to examine the relationship between parenting practices and cognitive development among preschool-aged children in poor rural China. We drew on data from a large-scale panel dataset of 1,802 children and their caregivers in rural China. The cognitive development of children was measured at 22–30 months and then again at 49–65 months by the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-First Edition (BSID-I) and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Fourth Edition (WPPSI-IV), respectively. The results showed that the prevalence of cognitive delay was 38% when children were older. Our findings also revealed that only a small proportion of caregivers engaged in different types of positive stimulating activities (7–24%), while the prevalence of different types of negative parenting practices ranged from 19% to 32%, when the children were 49–65 months old. We found that positive parenting practices were significantly positively associated with the Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient and Primary Indexes, whereas negative parenting practices were significantly negatively associated with these indicators (p < 0.01). When examining child characteristics, the data showed that gender and whether the child attended preschool were significantly associated with positive parenting practices. There is an urgent need to develop initiatives that can improve the children’s cognitive developments from rural China. It is necessary to address the economic and knowledge constraints that prevent rural caregivers from engaging in positive parenting practices by providing financial support to caregivers and developing a public platform that provides parenting information.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Parenting Practices and Cognitive Development of Preschool-Aged Children: Evidence from Rural China
Auteurs
Yu Bai
Buyao Liu
Lei Wang
Mengjie Li
Siqi Zhang
Ruirui Dang
Lijuan Zheng
Ning Yang
Chuyu Song
Publicatiedatum
14-10-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02134-8