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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 12/2021

01-09-2021 | Original Paper

Parenting Alliance Inventory: Psychometric Properties and Invariance Among a Community and at-Risk Sample of Portuguese Parents

Auteurs: Cristina Nunes, Lara Ayala-Nunes, Cátia Martins, Pedro Pechorro, Laura I. Ferreira

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 12/2021

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Abstract

The existing alliance between the two caregivers is a key dimension for understanding the family context, as it affects parental behavior and children’s development. The assessment of this construct becomes even more pressing in at-risk families, where the children’s well-being may be compromised and where the parental alliance may serve as a protective factor. The Parental Alliance Inventory (PAI) is a self-report measure that assesses the parental alliance and the relationship of support and trust that exists between both parents. In this study, we intended to explore the psychometric properties of PAI in the Portuguese population, including normative and at-risk families. Participants were community parents (n = 205, M = 38.38 years; 52.2% women) and parents of Child Welfare Services (CWS) referred children (n = 273, M = 37.05 years, 82.05% women). Both samples completed the PAI and measures of parenting sense of competence, parenting stress, and marital satisfaction. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the proposed original unidimensional structure of the PAI. The instrument showed good psychometric properties, presenting levels of internal consistency and a quite satisfactory reliability. Findings also showed that PAI was measurement invariant across the two subsamples. Our findings provide evidence for psychometric soundness of the PAI and support its usefulness for the European Portuguese context.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Parenting Alliance Inventory: Psychometric Properties and Invariance Among a Community and at-Risk Sample of Portuguese Parents
Auteurs
Cristina Nunes
Lara Ayala-Nunes
Cátia Martins
Pedro Pechorro
Laura I. Ferreira
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02080-5