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17-08-2019 | Empirical Research | Uitgave 1/2020

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2020

Parental Demandingness and Executive Functioning in Predicting Anxiety among Children in a Longitudinal Community Study

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Youth and Adolescence > Uitgave 1/2020
Auteurs:
Barbara Chuen Yee Lo, Sin Kan Chan, Ting Kin Ng, Anna Wai Man Choi
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Abstract

Theoretical models and empirical studies of anxiety have predominately focused on the main effects of various predictors such as executive functioning deficits on anxiety. This study examined the moderating role of parental demandingness in the relationship between executive functioning deficits and anxiety in children. Ninety children (46.67% female) aged from 9 to 14 years completed several executive functioning tasks and a measure of anxiety. Parental demandingness was rated based on an observation of parent-child interactions. The children completed the anxiety measure again at one-year follow-up. The results showed that parental demandingness significantly moderated the prospective relationship between executive functioning deficits and anxiety, such that the association between executive functioning deficits and anxiety in children was weaker when parental demandingness was lower. These findings suggest that low parental demandingness may serve as a protective factor that buffers the detrimental effects of executive functioning deficits on anxiety.

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