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10-08-2019 | Empirical Research

The Prospective Impact of Family Functioning and Parenting Practices on Court-Involved Youth’s Substance Use and Delinquent Behavior

Auteurs: Johanna B. Folk, Larry K. Brown, Brandon D. L. Marshall, Lili M. C. Ramos, Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan, Daphne Koinis-Mitchell, Marina Tolou-Shams

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2020

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Abstract

Court-involved youth exhibit high rates of psychiatric symptoms, substance use, and delinquency, yet little is known about the contributing roles of caregiver and family factors. The current study examined whether family functioning and parental monitoring mediate the relationship between caregiver and youth psychiatric symptoms (at first court contact) and youth substance use and delinquency (two years later). Participants were 400 first-time offending court-involved youth (Mage = 14.5 years; 57.3% male; 45.6% non-Latinx White, 42.0% Latinx) and an involved caregiver (Mage = 41.0 years; 87.2% female; 53.0% non-Latinx White, 33.8% Latinx). Structural equation modeling revealed that caregiver and youth psychiatric symptoms were prospectively associated with worse family functioning, which was in turn related to higher levels of youth delinquency and greater likelihood of substance use. The results support the notion of addressing the needs of justice-involved youth and families holistically rather than treating youth as “the problem” in isolation.
Voetnoten
1
The original subscale includes 24 items. Due to an error in the audio-assisted computerized assessment development, item 24 of the National Youth Survey Self-Reported Delinquency general delinquency scale, “Have you had sexual intercourse with a person who was not your serious partner when involved in a relationship?” was not administered to study participants; therefore, subscale scores range from 1-23 but still accurately indicate that greater scores represent greater number of delinquent acts.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Prospective Impact of Family Functioning and Parenting Practices on Court-Involved Youth’s Substance Use and Delinquent Behavior
Auteurs
Johanna B. Folk
Larry K. Brown
Brandon D. L. Marshall
Lili M. C. Ramos
Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan
Daphne Koinis-Mitchell
Marina Tolou-Shams
Publicatiedatum
10-08-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2020
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01099-8

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