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19-04-2021 | Original Paper | Uitgave 6/2021

Journal of Child and Family Studies 6/2021

Parental and Child Characteristics Predicting Asian immigrants’ Feeding Practices

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 6/2021
Auteurs:
Nan Zhou, Charissa S. L. Cheah, Christy Y. Y. Leung
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Abstract

To explore parenting style, child effortful control, parenting stress, and their associations with maternal use of pressure to eat among Asian U.S. immigrant families with preschoolers. One hundred and nine Asian immigrant mothers with 3-to-5-year-old children in Maryland, United States rated their authoritative and authoritarian parenting styles, frequency of pressuring their child to eat, perceived parenting stress, and child’s effortful control. Two proposed moderated mediation models were tested using conditional process modeling. Effortful control mediated the association between authoritative parenting style and pressure to eat practices, αβ = −0.07, p < 0.05, and the association between authoritarian style and pressure to eat, αβ = 0.12, p< 0.05. Moreover, parenting stress moderated the association between child effortful control and maternal pressure to eat in the authoritarian style model, but not in the authoritative style model. Specifically, higher effortful control was associated with less use of pressure to eat at low and mean levels of parenting stress. Our findings revealed potential mechanisms underlying the associations between parenting styles and controlling feeding practices. Importantly, information learned from the present study may guide transdisciplinary efforts to design and implement culturally sensitive and family-based interventions targeting Asian immigrants’ wellbeing and obesity in the United States.

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