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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 6/2021

27-04-2021 | Original Paper

Listening In: How Parent-Child Communication Relates to Social and Physical Aggression

Auteurs: Diana J. Meter, Samuel E. Ehrenreich, Kurt Beron, Marion K. Underwood

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 6/2021

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Abstract

In this study, we investigated the relations between features of parent-child conversations (neutral talk, positive and negative in-dyad and out-dyad talk) and children’s social and physical aggression from ages 9–18. Participants were 297 youth (52% girls) of about 9 years old at Time 1 and their parent. Fifty-two percent of this United States sample identified as White, 20% Black, 20% Hispanic, 8% other races/ethnicities. One hundred eighty-seven parents participated in the parent-child observation task. Ninety four percent of parent participants were mothers. Parent-child conversations were observed in the laboratory during preadolescence, and teachers reported child’s aggression. Using multinomial logit analyses, we found that coded observations of communication features predicted membership in linear trajectories of social and physical aggression across nine years of adolescence; trajectories were derived via mixture modeling. Parent and child communication characteristics were related to trajectories of aggression that spanned preadolescence and adolescence; however, not all predicted associations were significant. Children’s talk about neutral topics predicted being on a lower social aggression trajectory. Positive out-dyad talk from children was related to being on a lower physical aggression trajectory, as was parent in-dyad positive talk. After controlling for other factors, neither parent nor child in- or out-dyad negative talk was associated with social or physical aggression. These findings highlight the importance of positive communication by youth and toward youth in association with long-term social adjustment.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Listening In: How Parent-Child Communication Relates to Social and Physical Aggression
Auteurs
Diana J. Meter
Samuel E. Ehrenreich
Kurt Beron
Marion K. Underwood
Publicatiedatum
27-04-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 6/2021
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-01959-7