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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 2/2021

12-11-2019 | Original Article

On the putative role of intervening events in exogenous attention

Auteurs: Elisa Martín-Arévalo, Fabiano Botta, Vicente De Haro, Juan Lupiáñez

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 2/2021

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Abstract

In exogenous attention, two main behavioural effects are usually observed across time: facilitation at short cue-target onset asynchronies (CTOAs), and Inhibition of Return (IOR) at longer CTOAs. The presentation of an intervening event (IE)—i.e., a cue presented at fixation between the peripheral cue and target period—favours the appearance of IOR. However, although there is a general consensus on this empirical modulation, there is no agreement about the putative role of IEs and/or the mechanism/s underlying their effect. While some authors consider IEs as a “cue-back”, automatically reorienting attention to fixation, thus allowing IOR to occur, others have considered IEs as events modulating cue-target integration processes, consequently affecting exogenous cueing. Even in this later case, it is not clear whether IEs modulate cueing by inducing an attentional set (top-down) modulation or by inducing a trial-by-trial (bottom-up) online modulation. To disentangle this issue, in two experiments, we manipulated the proportion of trials in which the IE was presented, thus being able to measure the effect of the presence/absence and proportion of IEs. We observed a gradual influence of the % of IEs over cueing effects, which becomes less positive or more negative as the % of IEs increases. This pattern of findings fits well with the idea that facilitation and IOR depend on cue-target integration processes, and presents critical implications for the open debate about the mechanism/s underlying exogenous spatial cueing effects.

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Voetnoten
1
Note that in both the 0% and 100% IEs conditions, this variable could take only one of these levels, for which specific analyses were performed as explained in the results section.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
On the putative role of intervening events in exogenous attention
Auteurs
Elisa Martín-Arévalo
Fabiano Botta
Vicente De Haro
Juan Lupiáñez
Publicatiedatum
12-11-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 2/2021
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01267-2