Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Grounded in a conceptual model of family processes underlying socioemotional development and a contextual model of parenting style, the present study addresses the associations between parenting practices, mothers’ emotion socialization, and child adjustment in middle childhood. A total of 217 families involving mothers, fathers, and 8-year-old children (101 boys, 116 girls) were recruited to participate in this study. Findings suggested that fathers’ inconsistent discipline and positive parenting practices predicted greater and fewer children’s adjustment problems, respectively, over and above the effect of mothers’ parenting practices. Mothers’ emotion discussion with children predicted children’s lower externalizing problems. Mothers’ emotion discussion further buffered the association between mothers’ inconsistent discipline and children’s internalizing problems, such that children exhibited fewer internalizing problems when mothers engaged in moderate to high levels of emotion discussion with children. Supporting family systems theory, both mothers’ and fathers’ parenting processes contributed to child development. These findings add to the literature by providing evidence for cumulative family asset and risk underlying child adjustment. Based on the findings, scholars and practitioners may consider adding more emotion-based components of parenting to existing interventions that focus on parenting discipline.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the child behavior checklist: 4–18 and 1991 profile. Burlington: Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont.
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Bosco, G. L., Renk, K., Dinger, T. M., Epstein, M. K., & Phares, V. (2003). The connections between adolescents’ perceptions of parents, parental psychological symptoms, and adolescent functioning. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 24(2), 179–200. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0193-3973(03)00044-3. CrossRef
Cheung, R. M., Cummings, E. M., Zhang, Z., & Davies, P. T. (2016). Trivariate modeling of interparental conflict and adolescent emotional security: An examination of mother–father–child dynamics. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(11), 2336–2352. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0406-x. CrossRefPubMed
Clark, J. E., & Frick, P. J. (2018). Positive parenting and callous-unemotional traits: their association with school behavior problems in young children. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology. (in press)
Cole, D. A., & Maxwell, S. E. (2003). Testing mediational models with longitudinal data: questions and tips in the use of structural equation modeling. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112(4), 558–577. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.112.4.558. CrossRefPubMed
Conger, R. D., Conger, K. J., Elder, G. H.Jr., Lorenz, F. O., Simons, R. L., & Whitbeck, L. B. (1992). A family process model of economic hardship and adjustment of early adolescent boys. Child Development, 63(3), 526–541. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1992.tb01644.x. CrossRefPubMed
Cox, M. J., & Paley, B. (1997). Families as systems. Annual Review of Psychology, 48, 243–267. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.48.1.243. CrossRefPubMed
Cummings, E. M., Merrilees, C. E., & George, M. W. (2010). Fathers, marriages, and families: revisiting and updating the framework for fathering in family context. In M. E. Lamb & M. E. Lamb (Eds.), The role of the father in child development (pp. 154–176). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Dallaire, D. H., Pineda, A. Q., Cole, D. A., Ciesla, J. A., Jacquez, F., LaGrange, B., & Bruce, A. E. (2006). Relation of positive and negative parenting to children’s depressive symptoms. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 35(2), 313–322. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp3502_15. CrossRef
Darling, N., & Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting style as context: an integrative model. Psychological Bulletin, 113, 487–496. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.113.3.487. CrossRef
Dette-Hagenmeyer, D. E., & Reichle, B. (2014). Parents’ depressive symptoms and children’s adjustment over time are mediated by parenting, but differentially for fathers and mothers. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 11(2), 196–210. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2013.848789. CrossRef
Dunsmore, J. C., Booker, J. A., & Ollendick, T. H. (2013). Parental emotion coaching and child emotion regulation as protective factors for children with oppositional defiant disorder. Social Development, 22(3), 444–466. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2011.00652.x. CrossRef
Edens, J. F., Skopp, N. A., & Cahill, M. A. (2008). Psychopathic features moderate the relationship between harsh and inconsistent parental discipline and adolescent antisocial behavior. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 37(2), 472–476. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374410801955938. CrossRefPubMed
Eisenberg, N., Losoya, S., Fabes, R. A., Guthrie, I. K., Reiser, M., Murphy, B., & Padgett, S. J. (2001). Parental socialization of children’s dysregulated expression of emotion and externalizing problems. Journal of Family Psychology, 15(2), 183–205. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-3188.8.131.52. CrossRefPubMed
Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R. A., Shepard, S. A., Guthrie, I. K., Murphy, B. C., & Reiser, M. (1999). Parental reactions to children’s negative emotions: Longitudinal relations to quality of children’s social functioning. Child Development, 70(2), 513–534. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00037. CrossRefPubMed
Eisenberg, N., Zhou, Q., Spinrad, T. L., Valiente, C., Fabes, R. A., & Liew, J. (2005). Relations among positive parenting, children’s effortful control, and externalizing problems: a three‐wave longitudinal study. Child Development, 76(5), 1055–1071. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2005.00897.x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Filcheck, H. A., McNeil, C. B., & Herschell, A. D. (2001). Types of verbal feedback that affect compliance and general behavior in disruptive and typical children. Child Study Journal, 31(4), 225–248.
Frick, P.J. (1991). The Alabama parenting questionnaire. Unpublished rating scale. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama.
Garner, P. W., Dunsmore, J. C., & Southam-Gerrow, M. (2008). Mother-child conversations about emotions: linkages to child aggression and prosocial behavior. Social Development, 17(2), 259–277. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00424.x. CrossRef
Graham, R. A., & Weems, C. F. (2015). Identifying moderators of the link between parent and child anxiety sensitivity: the roles of gender, positive parenting, and corporal punishment. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 43(5), 885–893. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9945-y. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Johnson, A.M., Hawes, D.J., Eisenberg, N., Kohlhoff, J., & Dudeney, J. (2017). Emotion socialization and child conduct problems: A comprehensive review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 5465-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2017.04.001 CrossRef
Lamb, M. E. (1975). Fathers: forgotten contributors to child development. Human Development, 18(4), 245–266. CrossRef
Lancefield, K. S., Raudino, A., Downs, J. M., & Laurens, K. R. (2016). Trajectories of childhood internalizing and externalizing psychopathology and psychotic-like experiences in adolescence: a prospective population-based cohort study. Development and Psychopathology, 28(2), 527–536. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579415001108. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Laskey, B. J., & Cartwright-Hatton, S. (2009). Parental discipline behaviours and beliefs about their child: associations with child internalizing and mediation relationships. Child: Care, Health and Development, 35(5), 717–727. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2009.00977.x. CrossRef
Liew, J., Eisenberg, N., Losoya, S. H., Fabes, R. A., Guthrie, I. K., & Murphy, B. C. (2003). Children’s physiological indices of empathy and their socioemotional adjustment: does caregivers’ expressivity matter? Journal of Family Psychology, 17(4), 584–597. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-3184.108.40.2064. CrossRefPubMed
McLeod, B. D., Wood, J. J., & Weisz, J. R. (2007). Examining the association between parenting and childhood anxiety: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 27(2), 155–172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2006.09.002. CrossRefPubMed
McLoyd, V. C., & Smith, J. (2002). Physical discipline and behavior problems in African American, European American, and Hispanic children: Emotional support as a moderator. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64(1), 40–53. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2002.00040.x. CrossRef
Mills, R. L., Hastings, P. D., Helm, J., Serbin, L. A., Etezadi, J., Stack, D. M., & Li, H. H. (2012). Temperamental, parental, and contextual contributors to early‐emerging internalizing problems: a new integrative analysis approach. Social Development, 21(2), 229–253. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2011.00629.x. CrossRef
Morris, A. S., Silk, J. S., Steinberg, L., Myers, S. S., & Robinson, L. R. (2007). The role of the family context in the development of emotion regulation. Social Development, 16(2), 361–388. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00389.x. CrossRefPubMed
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2012). Mplus user’s guide. 7th ed Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Phares, V., & Compas, B. E. (1992). The role of fathers in child and adolescent psychopathology: make room for daddy. Psychological Bulletin, 111(3), 387–412. CrossRef
Shelton, K. K., Frick, P. J., & Wootton, J. (1996). Assessment of parenting practices in families of elementary school-age children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25(3), 317–329. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp2503_8. CrossRef
Thomassin, K., & Suveg, C. (2014). Reciprocal positive affect and well-regulated, adjusted children: a unique contribution of fathers. Parenting: Science and Practice, 14(1), 28–46. https://doi.org/10.1080/15295192.2014.880017. CrossRef
van der Pol, L. D., Groeneveld, M. G., Endendijk, J. J., van Berkel, S. R., Hallers-Haalboom, E. T., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & Mesman, J. (2016). Associations between fathers’ and mothers’ psychopathology symptoms, parental emotion socialization, and preschoolers’ social-emotional development. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(11), 3367–3380. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0490-x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Zbar, A., Surkan, P. J., Fombonne, E., & Melchior, M. (2016). Early emotional and behavioral difficulties and adult educational attainment: an 18‑year follow‑up of the TEMPO study. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 25(10), 1141–1143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-016-0858-x. CrossRefPubMed
- Mothers’ and Fathers’ Roles in Child Adjustment: Parenting Practices and Mothers’ Emotion Socialization as Predictors
Rebecca Y. M. Cheung
E. Mark Cummings
Patrick T. Davies
- Springer US