Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Recent years have witnessed a marked proliferation in the interest in and relevant literature pertaining to the practice of mindfulness. In light of this trend and the pervasive stress common among college populations, the present study examined the efficacy of an adapted mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention in fostering adjustment among first-year students. Sixty-two (N = 62) nonvolunteer participants were assigned to either an 8-week adapted MBSR intervention (n = 30) or a control condition (n = 32). Stress and adjustment indices were gathered using diurnal salivary cortisol samples and the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ). Intervention participants further completed the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) pre- and post-intervention. Analyses indicate that mindfulness, as part of an adapted MBSR intervention, can (1) contribute to enhanced first-year adjustment across multiple domains, (2) reduce physiological stress levels, and (3) be cultivated to some degree in student populations through relatively ephemeral instruction. Moreover, male participants demonstrated significantly better adjustment in several areas relative to females. These findings underscore the need for more serious consideration of mindfulness-based practices in college environments in an effort to foster well-being in this vulnerable population. Limitations of the current study and future research considerations are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Adam, E. K., Vrshek-Schallhorn, S., Kendall, A. D., Mineka, S., Zinbarg, R. E., & Craske, M. G. (2014). Prospective associations between the cortisol awakening response and first onsets of anxiety disorders over a six-year follow-up. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 44, 47–59. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.02.014. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Arnett, J. J. (2006). Emerging adulthood: understanding the new way of coming of age. In J. J. Arnett & J. L. Tanner (Eds.), Emerging adults in America: coming of age in the 21 st century (pp. 3–19). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Lykins, E., Button, D., Krietemeyer, J., Sauer, S., … Williams, J. M. G. (2008). Construct validity of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples. Assessment, 15(3), 329-342. doi: 10.1177/1073191107313003.
Baker, R. W., & Siryk, B. (1989). Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ): manual. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Carlson, L. E., Speca, M., Patel, K. D., & Goodey, E. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer patients. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29(4), 448–474. doi: 10.1016/S0306-4530(03)00054-4. CrossRefPubMed
Clow, A. (2004). Cortisol as a biomarker of stress. Journal of Holistic Healthcare, 1(3), 10–14.
Credé, M., & Niehorster, S. (2012). Adjustment to college as measured by the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire: a quantitative review of its structure and relationships with correlates and consequences. Educational Psychology Review, 24(1), 133–165. doi: 10.1007/s10648-011-9184-5. CrossRef
Dahmus, S., & Bernardin, H. J. (1992). Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire. Measurement & Evaluation in Counseling & Development (American Counseling Association), 25(3), 139.
Enochs, W. K., & Roland, C. B. (2006). Social adjustment of college freshmen: the importance of gender and living environment. College Student Journal, 40(1), 63–73.
Gerdes, H., & Mallinckrodt, B. (1994). Emotional, social, and academic adjustment of college students: a longitudinal study of retention. Journal of Counseling and Development, 72(3), 281–288. CrossRef
Greaves-Lord, K., Ferdinand, R. F., Oldehinkel, A. J., Sondeijker, F. E. P. L., Ormel, J., & Verhulst, F. C. (2007). Higher cortisol awakening response in young adolescents with persistent anxiety problems. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 116(2), 137–144. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2007.01001.x. CrossRefPubMed
Greeson, J. M., Juberg, M. K., Maytan, M., James, K., & Rogers, H. (2014). A randomized controlled trial of Koru: a mindfulness program for college students and other emerging adults. Journal of American College Health, 62(4), 222–233. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2014.887571. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Guo, Y., Wang, S., Johnson, V., & Diaz, M. (2011). College students’ stress under current economic downturn. College Student Journal, 45(3), 536–543.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Delacorte Press.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 144–156. doi: 10.1093/clipsy/bpg016.
Keyes, K. M., Hatzenbuehler, M. L., Grant, B. F., & Hasin, D. S. (2012). Stress and alcohol: epidemiologic evidence. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 34(4), 391–400.
Kreig, D. B. (2013). High expectations for higher education? Perceptions of college and experiences of stress prior to and through the college career. College Student Journal, 47(4), 635–643.
Lynch, S., Gander, M., Kohls, N., Kudielka, B., & Walach, H. (2011). Mindfulness-based coping with university life: a non-randomized wait-list-controlled pilot evaluation. Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, 27(5), 365–375. doi: 10.1002/smi.1382. CrossRef
Marcus, M. T., Fine, P. M., Moeller, F. G., Khan, M. M., Pitts, K., Swank, P. R., & Liehr, P. (2003). Change in stress levels following mindfulness-based stress reduction in a therapeutic community. Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment, 2(3), 63–68. doi: 10.1097/00132576-200302030-00001. CrossRef
Mounsey, R., Vandehey, M. A., & Diekhoff, G. M. (2013). Working and non-working university students: anxiety, depression, and grade point average. College Student Journal, 47(2), 379–389.
Philippot, P., & Segal, Z. (2009). Mindfulness based psychological interventions: developing emotional awareness for better being. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 16(10–12), 285–306.
Pickert, K. (2014). The art of being mindful. Time, 183(4), 40–46. PubMed
Ross, S. E., Niebling, B. C., & Heckert, T. M. (1999). Sources of stress among college students. College Student Journal, 33(2), 312–317.
Salami, S. O. (2011). Psychosocial predictors of adjustment among first year college of education students. US-China Education Review, 8(2), 239–248.
The American College Health Association. (2009). American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment spring 2008 reference group data report (abridged). Journal of American College Health, 57(5), 477–488. CrossRef
Towbes, L. C., & Cohen, L. H. (1996). Chronic stress in the lives of college students: scale development and prospective prediction of distress. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 25(2), 199–217. CrossRef
Vrshek-Schallhorn, S., Doane, L. D., Mineka, S., Zinbarg, R. E., Craske, M. G., & Adam, E. K. (2013). The cortisol awakening response predicts major depression: predictive stability over a 4-year follow-up and effect of depression history. Psychological Medicine, 43(3), 483–493. doi: 10.1017/S0033291712001213. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
- Mindfulness and the College Transition: The Efficacy of an Adapted Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Intervention in Fostering Adjustment among First-Year Students
Taylor R. Ramler
Linda R. Tennison
- Springer US