Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2016

04-01-2015 | ORIGINAL PAPER

A School-Based Mindfulness Pilot Study for Ethnically Diverse At-Risk Adolescents

Auteurs: Karen Bluth, Rebecca A. Campo, Sarah Pruteanu-Malinici, Amanda Reams, Michael Mullarkey, Patricia C. Broderick

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Adolescence is a critical period for intervention with at-risk youth to promote emotional well-being, deter problematic behavior, and prevent the onset of life-long challenges. Despite preliminary evidence supporting mindfulness interventions for at-risk youth, few studies have included implementation details or reported feasibility and acceptance in ethnically diverse at-risk adolescents in a school setting. We conducted a randomized pilot study of a school-based mindfulness program, Learning to BREATHE, with ethnically diverse at-risk adolescents. Twenty-seven students were randomly assigned to a mindfulness or substance abuse control class that occurred for 50 min, once a week, over one school semester. Adjustments were made to increase acceptability of the mindfulness class, including enhanced instructor engagement in school activities. Reductions in depression were seen for students in the mindfulness class compared to controls. Initially, students’ perceived credibility of the mindfulness class was lower than that of the substance abuse class. Over the semester, perceived credibility of the mindfulness class increased while that of the substance abuse class decreased. Qualitative acceptability measures revealed that the mindfulness class helped to relieve stress and that students favored continuing the class. This study provides practical knowledge about what works with this unique population in a school setting and offers suggestions for future studies.
Literatuur
go back to reference Angold, A., Costello, E. J., & Messer, S. C. (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 237–249. Angold, A., Costello, E. J., & Messer, S. C. (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 237–249.
go back to reference Biegel, G., Brown, K., Shapiro, S., & Schubert, C. (2009). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for the treatment of adolescent psychiatric outpatients: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 77(5), 855–866. CrossRef Biegel, G., Brown, K., Shapiro, S., & Schubert, C. (2009). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for the treatment of adolescent psychiatric outpatients: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 77(5), 855–866. CrossRef
go back to reference Blakemore, J., Berenbaum, S., & Liben, L. (2009). Gender development. Clifton: Psychology Press. Blakemore, J., Berenbaum, S., & Liben, L. (2009). Gender development. Clifton: Psychology Press.
go back to reference Boggess, L. N., & Linnemann, T. W. (2011). At-risk youth. In W. J. Chambliss (Ed.), Juvenile crime and justice. New York: Sage. Boggess, L. N., & Linnemann, T. W. (2011). At-risk youth. In W. J. Chambliss (Ed.), Juvenile crime and justice. New York: Sage.
go back to reference Borkovec, T. D., & Nau, S. D. (1972). Credibility of analogue therapy rationales. Journal of Behaioral Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 3, 257–260. CrossRef Borkovec, T. D., & Nau, S. D. (1972). Credibility of analogue therapy rationales. Journal of Behaioral Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 3, 257–260. CrossRef
go back to reference Britton, W., Bootzin, R., Cousins, J., Hasler, B., Peck, T., & Shapiro, S. (2010). The contribution of mindfulness practice to a multicomponent behavioral sleep intervention following substance abuse treatment in adolescents: a treatment-development study. Substance Abuse, 31(2), 86–97. doi: 10.​1080/​0889707100364129​7. CrossRefPubMed Britton, W., Bootzin, R., Cousins, J., Hasler, B., Peck, T., & Shapiro, S. (2010). The contribution of mindfulness practice to a multicomponent behavioral sleep intervention following substance abuse treatment in adolescents: a treatment-development study. Substance Abuse, 31(2), 86–97. doi: 10.​1080/​0889707100364129​7. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Broderick, P. (2013). Learning to BREATHE: a mindfulness curriculum for adolescents to cultivate emotion regulation, attention, and performance. Oakland: New Harbinger Press. Broderick, P. (2013). Learning to BREATHE: a mindfulness curriculum for adolescents to cultivate emotion regulation, attention, and performance. Oakland: New Harbinger Press.
go back to reference Broderick, P., & Metz, S. (2009). Learning to BREATHE: a pilot trial of a mindfulness curriculum for adolescents. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 2(1), 35–46. CrossRef Broderick, P., & Metz, S. (2009). Learning to BREATHE: a pilot trial of a mindfulness curriculum for adolescents. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 2(1), 35–46. CrossRef
go back to reference Burke, C. A. (2010). Mindfulness-based approaches with children and adolescents: a preliminary review of current research in an emergent field. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(2), 133–144. doi: 10.​1007/​s10826-009-9282-x. CrossRef Burke, C. A. (2010). Mindfulness-based approaches with children and adolescents: a preliminary review of current research in an emergent field. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(2), 133–144. doi: 10.​1007/​s10826-009-9282-x. CrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: L. Erlbaum Associates. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: L. Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. (1988). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapan & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The social psychology of health. Newbury Park: Sage. Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. (1988). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapan & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The social psychology of health. Newbury Park: Sage.
go back to reference Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24(4), 385–396. CrossRefPubMed Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24(4), 385–396. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Divall, S., & Radovick, S. (2008). Pubertal development and menarche. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1135, 19–28. CrossRefPubMed Divall, S., & Radovick, S. (2008). Pubertal development and menarche. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1135, 19–28. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Forman, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (2003). Family instability and young adolescent maladjustment: the mediating effects of parenting quality and adolescent appraisals of family security. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32(1), 94–105. CrossRefPubMed Forman, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (2003). Family instability and young adolescent maladjustment: the mediating effects of parenting quality and adolescent appraisals of family security. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32(1), 94–105. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Grabbe, L., Nguy, S. T., & Higgins, M. K. (2012). Spirituality development for homeless youth: a mindfulness meditation feasibility pilot. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21(6), 925–937. CrossRef Grabbe, L., Nguy, S. T., & Higgins, M. K. (2012). Spirituality development for homeless youth: a mindfulness meditation feasibility pilot. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21(6), 925–937. CrossRef
go back to reference Greco, L., Baer, R. A., & Smith, G. T. (2011). Assessing mindfulness in children and adolescents: development and validation of the child and adolescent mindfulness measure (CAMM). Psychological Assessment, 23(3), 606–614. CrossRefPubMed Greco, L., Baer, R. A., & Smith, G. T. (2011). Assessing mindfulness in children and adolescents: development and validation of the child and adolescent mindfulness measure (CAMM). Psychological Assessment, 23(3), 606–614. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Greenwood, P., Niemann, L., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: a meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57(1), 35–43. CrossRef Greenwood, P., Niemann, L., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: a meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57(1), 35–43. CrossRef
go back to reference Himelstein, S. (2011). Mindfulness-based substance abuse treatment for incarcerated youth: a mixed method pilot study. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 30(1–2), 1–10. Himelstein, S. (2011). Mindfulness-based substance abuse treatment for incarcerated youth: a mixed method pilot study. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 30(1–2), 1–10.
go back to reference Himelstein, S., Hastings, A., Shapiro, S., & Heery, M. (2011). Mindfulness training for self-regulation and stress with incarcerated youth: a pilot study. Probation Journal, 59(2), 151–165. CrossRef Himelstein, S., Hastings, A., Shapiro, S., & Heery, M. (2011). Mindfulness training for self-regulation and stress with incarcerated youth: a pilot study. Probation Journal, 59(2), 151–165. CrossRef
go back to reference Johnson, D., & Greenberg, M. T. (2013). Parenting and early adolescence internalizing: the importance of teasing apart anxiety and depressive symptoms. Journal of Early Adolescence, 33, 201–226. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed Johnson, D., & Greenberg, M. T. (2013). Parenting and early adolescence internalizing: the importance of teasing apart anxiety and depressive symptoms. Journal of Early Adolescence, 33, 201–226. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living. New York: Random House. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living. New York: Random House.
go back to reference Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Feng, X., Babinski, D., Hinze, A., Rischall, M., & Henneberger, A. (2008). Subthreshold symptoms of depression in preadolescent girls are stable and predictive of depressive disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(12), 1433–1442. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Feng, X., Babinski, D., Hinze, A., Rischall, M., & Henneberger, A. (2008). Subthreshold symptoms of depression in preadolescent girls are stable and predictive of depressive disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(12), 1433–1442. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kerrigan, D., Johnson, K., Stewart, M., Magyari, T., Hutton, N., Ellen, J. M., & Sibinga, E. M. (2011). Perceptions, experiences, and shifts in perspective occurring among urban youth participating in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 17(2), 96–101. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​ctcp.​2010.​08.​003. CrossRefPubMed Kerrigan, D., Johnson, K., Stewart, M., Magyari, T., Hutton, N., Ellen, J. M., & Sibinga, E. M. (2011). Perceptions, experiences, and shifts in perspective occurring among urban youth participating in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 17(2), 96–101. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​ctcp.​2010.​08.​003. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lovallo, W. R. (2001). Stress and health: biological and psychological interactions. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Lovallo, W. R. (2001). Stress and health: biological and psychological interactions. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
go back to reference Lupien, S. J., McEwan, B. S., Gunnar, M. R., & Heim, C. (2009). Effects of stress throughout the lifespan on the brain, behaviour and cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10(6), 434–445. CrossRefPubMed Lupien, S. J., McEwan, B. S., Gunnar, M. R., & Heim, C. (2009). Effects of stress throughout the lifespan on the brain, behaviour and cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10(6), 434–445. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Marteau, T. M., & Bekker, H. (1992). The development of a six-item short-form of the state scale of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31(Pt 3), 301–306. CrossRefPubMed Marteau, T. M., & Bekker, H. (1992). The development of a six-item short-form of the state scale of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31(Pt 3), 301–306. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McEwan, B. S. (2008). Central effects of stress hormones in health and disease: understanding the protective and damaging effects fo stress and strss mediators. European Journal of Pharmacology, 583(2–3), 174–185. CrossRef McEwan, B. S. (2008). Central effects of stress hormones in health and disease: understanding the protective and damaging effects fo stress and strss mediators. European Journal of Pharmacology, 583(2–3), 174–185. CrossRef
go back to reference McKenry, P. C., & Price, S. J. (2005). Families coping with change. In P. C. McKenry & S. J. Price (Eds.), Families and change: coping with stressful events and transitions (3rd ed., p. 10). Thousand Oaks: Sage. McKenry, P. C., & Price, S. J. (2005). Families coping with change. In P. C. McKenry & S. J. Price (Eds.), Families and change: coping with stressful events and transitions (3rd ed., p. 10). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
go back to reference McKnight, C., Huebner, E., & Suldo, S. (2002). Relationships among stressful life events, temperament, problem behavior, and global life satisfaction in adolescents. Psychology in the Schools, 39(6), 677–687. doi: 10.​1002/​pits.​10062. CrossRef McKnight, C., Huebner, E., & Suldo, S. (2002). Relationships among stressful life events, temperament, problem behavior, and global life satisfaction in adolescents. Psychology in the Schools, 39(6), 677–687. doi: 10.​1002/​pits.​10062. CrossRef
go back to reference Metz, S., Frank, J., Reibel, D., Cantrell, T., Sanders, R., & Broderick, P. (2013). The effectiveness of the learning to BREATHE program on adolescent emotion regulation. Research in Human Development, 10(3), 252–272. CrossRef Metz, S., Frank, J., Reibel, D., Cantrell, T., Sanders, R., & Broderick, P. (2013). The effectiveness of the learning to BREATHE program on adolescent emotion regulation. Research in Human Development, 10(3), 252–272. CrossRef
go back to reference Murray, D. M., Varnell, S. P., & Blitstein, J. L. (2004). Design and analysis of group-randomized trials: a review of recent methodological developments. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 422–432. CrossRef Murray, D. M., Varnell, S. P., & Blitstein, J. L. (2004). Design and analysis of group-randomized trials: a review of recent methodological developments. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 422–432. CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2003). Self-compassion: an alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2, 85–101. CrossRef Neff, K. D. (2003). Self-compassion: an alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2, 85–101. CrossRef
go back to reference Paus, T., Keshavan, M., & Giedd, J. N. (2008). Why do many psychiatric disorders emerge during adolescence? Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9(12), 947–957. PubMedCentralPubMed Paus, T., Keshavan, M., & Giedd, J. N. (2008). Why do many psychiatric disorders emerge during adolescence? Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9(12), 947–957. PubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference Pine, D. S., Cohen, E., & Brook, J. (1999). Adolescent depressive symptoms as predictors of adult depression: moodiness or mood disorder? American Journal of Psychiatry, 156(1), 133–135. CrossRefPubMed Pine, D. S., Cohen, E., & Brook, J. (1999). Adolescent depressive symptoms as predictors of adult depression: moodiness or mood disorder? American Journal of Psychiatry, 156(1), 133–135. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Raes, F., Pommier, E., Neff, K. D., & Van Gucht, D. (2011). Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the self-compassion scale. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 18(3), 250–255. doi: 10.​1002/​Cpp.​702. CrossRef Raes, F., Pommier, E., Neff, K. D., & Van Gucht, D. (2011). Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the self-compassion scale. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 18(3), 250–255. doi: 10.​1002/​Cpp.​702. CrossRef
go back to reference Robles-Pina, R. A., DeFrance, E., Cox, D., & Woodward, A. (2005). Depression in urban adolescents. International Journal on School Disaffection, 3(2), 8–14. Robles-Pina, R. A., DeFrance, E., Cox, D., & Woodward, A. (2005). Depression in urban adolescents. International Journal on School Disaffection, 3(2), 8–14.
go back to reference Smith, D. C., Hall, J. A., Williams, J. K., An, H., & Gotman, N. (2006). Comparative efficacy of family and group treatment for adolescent substance abuse. American Journal on Addictions, 15, s131–s136. doi: 10.​1080/​1055049060100625​3. CrossRef Smith, D. C., Hall, J. A., Williams, J. K., An, H., & Gotman, N. (2006). Comparative efficacy of family and group treatment for adolescent substance abuse. American Journal on Addictions, 15, s131–s136. doi: 10.​1080/​1055049060100625​3. CrossRef
go back to reference Stevens, S. J., Schwebel, R., & Ruiz, B. (2007). Seven challenges: an effective treatment for adolescents with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health problems. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 7(3), 29–49. CrossRef Stevens, S. J., Schwebel, R., & Ruiz, B. (2007). Seven challenges: an effective treatment for adolescents with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health problems. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 7(3), 29–49. CrossRef
go back to reference Susman, E., & Dorn, L. (2009). Puberty: its role in development. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley. Susman, E., & Dorn, L. (2009). Puberty: its role in development. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Whitaker, R. C., Dearth-Wesley, T., Gooze, R. A., Becker, B. D., Gallagher, K. C., & McEwen, B. S. (2014). Adverse childhood experiences, dispositional mindfulness, and adult health. Preventive Medicine, 67, 147–153. CrossRefPubMed Whitaker, R. C., Dearth-Wesley, T., Gooze, R. A., Becker, B. D., Gallagher, K. C., & McEwen, B. S. (2014). Adverse childhood experiences, dispositional mindfulness, and adult health. Preventive Medicine, 67, 147–153. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
A School-Based Mindfulness Pilot Study for Ethnically Diverse At-Risk Adolescents
Auteurs
Karen Bluth
Rebecca A. Campo
Sarah Pruteanu-Malinici
Amanda Reams
Michael Mullarkey
Patricia C. Broderick
Publicatiedatum
04-01-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2016
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-014-0376-1