Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2010

01-11-2010 | Original paper

Memory Awareness for Faces in Individuals with Autism

Auteurs: Desirée A. Wilkinson, Catherine A. Best, Nancy J. Minshew, Mark S. Strauss

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2010

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Little is known regarding metacognition in individuals with autism. Specifically, it is unclear how individuals with autism think about their own mental states. The current study assessed memory awareness during a facial recognition task. High-functioning children (M = 13.1 years, n = 18) and adults (M = 27.5 years, n = 16) with autism matched with typically developing children (M = 14.3 years, n = 13) and adults (M = 26.9 years, n = 15) were tested. Children with autism demonstrated less accurate memory awareness for faces and less reliable differentiation between their confidence ratings compared to typically developing children. Subtle impairments in memory awareness for faces were also evident in adults with autism. Results indicate that broader metacognitive deficits may exist in individuals with autism, possibly contributing to other known impairments.
Literatuur
go back to reference Allwood, C. M., Granhag, P. A., & Jonsson, A. (2006). Child witnesses’ metamemory realism. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 47(6), 461–470. CrossRefPubMed Allwood, C. M., Granhag, P. A., & Jonsson, A. (2006). Child witnesses’ metamemory realism. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 47(6), 461–470. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Jolliffe, T., Mortimore, C., & Robertson, M. (1997). Another advanced test of theory of mind: Evidence from very high functioning adults with autism or Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 813–822. CrossRefPubMed Baron-Cohen, S., Jolliffe, T., Mortimore, C., & Robertson, M. (1997). Another advanced test of theory of mind: Evidence from very high functioning adults with autism or Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 813–822. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A., & Frith, U. (1985). Does the autistic child have a ‘Theory of Mind’? Cognition, 21, 37–46. CrossRefPubMed Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A., & Frith, U. (1985). Does the autistic child have a ‘Theory of Mind’? Cognition, 21, 37–46. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Berch, D., & Evans, R. (1973). Decision processes in children’s recognition memory. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 16, 148–164. CrossRef Berch, D., & Evans, R. (1973). Decision processes in children’s recognition memory. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 16, 148–164. CrossRef
go back to reference Blair, R., Frith, U., & Smith, N. (2002). Fractionation of visual memory: Agency detection and its impairment in autism. Neuropsychologia, 40(1), 108–118. CrossRefPubMed Blair, R., Frith, U., & Smith, N. (2002). Fractionation of visual memory: Agency detection and its impairment in autism. Neuropsychologia, 40(1), 108–118. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Farrant, A., Blades, M., & Boucher, J. (1999a). Recall readiness in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(5), 359–366. CrossRefPubMed Farrant, A., Blades, M., & Boucher, J. (1999a). Recall readiness in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(5), 359–366. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Farrant, A., Boucher, J., & Blades, M. (1999b). Metamemory in children with autism. Child Development, 70(1), 107–131. CrossRefPubMed Farrant, A., Boucher, J., & Blades, M. (1999b). Metamemory in children with autism. Child Development, 70(1), 107–131. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Frith, U. (1989). Autism and “theory of mind”. In C. Gillberg (Ed.), Diagnosis and treatment of autism (pp. 33–51). New York: Plenum. Frith, U. (1989). Autism and “theory of mind”. In C. Gillberg (Ed.), Diagnosis and treatment of autism (pp. 33–51). New York: Plenum.
go back to reference Happé, F. (1995). The role of age and verbal ability in the theory of mind task performance of subjects with autism. Child Development, 66(3), 843–855. CrossRefPubMed Happé, F. (1995). The role of age and verbal ability in the theory of mind task performance of subjects with autism. Child Development, 66(3), 843–855. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hauck, M., Fein, D., Maltby, N., Waterhouse, L., & Feinstein, C. (1998). Memory for faces in children with autism. Child Neuropsychology, 4(3), 187–198. Hauck, M., Fein, D., Maltby, N., Waterhouse, L., & Feinstein, C. (1998). Memory for faces in children with autism. Child Neuropsychology, 4(3), 187–198.
go back to reference Lockl, K., & Schneider, W. (2007). Knowledge about the mind: Links between theory of mind and later metamemory. Child Development, 78(1), 148–167. CrossRefPubMed Lockl, K., & Schneider, W. (2007). Knowledge about the mind: Links between theory of mind and later metamemory. Child Development, 78(1), 148–167. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (2003). Autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (2003). Autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Molesworth, C., Bowler, D., & Hampton, J. (2005). The prototype effect in recognition memory: Intact in autism? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(6), 661–672. CrossRefPubMed Molesworth, C., Bowler, D., & Hampton, J. (2005). The prototype effect in recognition memory: Intact in autism? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(6), 661–672. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pellicano, E. (2007). Links between theory of mind and executive function in young children: Clues to developmental primacy. Developmental Psychology, 43, 974–990. CrossRefPubMed Pellicano, E. (2007). Links between theory of mind and executive function in young children: Clues to developmental primacy. Developmental Psychology, 43, 974–990. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pressley, M., Ghatala, M., & Ahmad, M. (1987). Test monitoring in young grade school children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 43, 96–111. CrossRef Pressley, M., Ghatala, M., & Ahmad, M. (1987). Test monitoring in young grade school children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 43, 96–111. CrossRef
go back to reference Roebers, C. (2002). Confidence judgments in children’s and adults’ event recall and suggestibility. Developmental Psychology, 68, 1052–1067. CrossRef Roebers, C. (2002). Confidence judgments in children’s and adults’ event recall and suggestibility. Developmental Psychology, 68, 1052–1067. CrossRef
go back to reference Roebers, C. M., Gelhaar, T., & Schneider, W. (2004). “It’s magic!” The effects of presentation modality on children’s event memory, suggestibility, and confidence judgments. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 87, 320–335. CrossRefPubMed Roebers, C. M., Gelhaar, T., & Schneider, W. (2004). “It’s magic!” The effects of presentation modality on children’s event memory, suggestibility, and confidence judgments. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 87, 320–335. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Roebers, C., & Howie, P. (2003). Confidence judgments in even recall: Developmental progression in the impact of question format. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 85, 352–371. CrossRefPubMed Roebers, C., & Howie, P. (2003). Confidence judgments in even recall: Developmental progression in the impact of question format. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 85, 352–371. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rouse, H., Donnelly, N., & Hadwin, J. (2004). Do children with autism perceive second-order relational features? The case of the Thatcher illusion. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(7), 1246–1257. CrossRefPubMed Rouse, H., Donnelly, N., & Hadwin, J. (2004). Do children with autism perceive second-order relational features? The case of the Thatcher illusion. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(7), 1246–1257. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rump, K., Giovannelli, J., Minshew, N., & Strauss, M. (2008). The development of emotion regulation in individuals with autism. Child Development, 80, 1434–1447. CrossRef Rump, K., Giovannelli, J., Minshew, N., & Strauss, M. (2008). The development of emotion regulation in individuals with autism. Child Development, 80, 1434–1447. CrossRef
go back to reference Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003). Autism diagnostic interview, revised (ADI-R). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services. Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003). Autism diagnostic interview, revised (ADI-R). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Schraw, G., & Moshman, D. (1995). Metacognitive theories. Educational Psychology Review, 7(4), 351–371. CrossRef Schraw, G., & Moshman, D. (1995). Metacognitive theories. Educational Psychology Review, 7(4), 351–371. CrossRef
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated intelligence scale. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated intelligence scale. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Wilkinson, G., & Robertson, G. (2006). Wide range achievement test 4 professional manual. Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources. Wilkinson, G., & Robertson, G. (2006). Wide range achievement test 4 professional manual. Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
go back to reference Williams, D., Goldstein, G., & Minshew, N. (2005). Impaired memory for faces and social scenes in autism: Clinical implications of memory dysfunction. Clinical Neuropsychology, 20(1), 1–15. CrossRef Williams, D., Goldstein, G., & Minshew, N. (2005). Impaired memory for faces and social scenes in autism: Clinical implications of memory dysfunction. Clinical Neuropsychology, 20(1), 1–15. CrossRef
go back to reference Yirmiya, N., Erel, O., Shaked, M., & Solomonica-Levi, D. (1998). Meta-analyses comparing theory of mind abilities of individuals with autism, individuals with mental retardation, and normally developing individuals (1998). Psychological Bulletin, 124(3), 283–307. CrossRefPubMed Yirmiya, N., Erel, O., Shaked, M., & Solomonica-Levi, D. (1998). Meta-analyses comparing theory of mind abilities of individuals with autism, individuals with mental retardation, and normally developing individuals (1998). Psychological Bulletin, 124(3), 283–307. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Memory Awareness for Faces in Individuals with Autism
Auteurs
Desirée A. Wilkinson
Catherine A. Best
Nancy J. Minshew
Mark S. Strauss
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2010
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-0995-x

Andere artikelen Uitgave 11/2010

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2010 Naar de uitgave