Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2010

01-11-2010 | Original Paper

The Cognitive Interview for Eyewitnesses with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Katie L. Maras, Dermot M. Bowler

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2010

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The cognitive interview (CI) is one of the most widely accepted forms of interviewing techniques for eliciting the most detailed, yet accurate reports from witnesses. No research, however, has examined its effectiveness with witnesses with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty-six adults with ASD and 26 matched typical adults viewed a video of an enacted crime, and were then interviewed with either a CI, or a structured interview (SI) without the CI mnemonics. Groups did not differ on the quantity or quality of their reports when interviewed with a SI, however, when interviewed with a CI the ASD group was significantly less accurate. Findings indicate that investigative professionals should be cautious in relying on the CI to interview witnesses with ASD.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
Although previous studies (e.g. Wright and Holliday 2007a, b) have used interview duration as a covariate in analyses, it was deemed that this would have provided a somewhat circular argument for findings in the present study; if witnesses spent more time talking they would naturally come up with more detail.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, (DSM-IV) (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, (DSM-IV) (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
go back to reference Ashwin, C., Ricciardelli, P., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2009). Positive and negative gaze perception in autism spectrum conditions. Social Neuroscience, 4, 153–164. CrossRefPubMed Ashwin, C., Ricciardelli, P., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2009). Positive and negative gaze perception in autism spectrum conditions. Social Neuroscience, 4, 153–164. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bachevalier, J., & Loveland, K. A. (2006). The orbitofrontal-amygdala circuit and self-regulation of social-emotional behavior in autism. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 97–117. CrossRefPubMed Bachevalier, J., & Loveland, K. A. (2006). The orbitofrontal-amygdala circuit and self-regulation of social-emotional behavior in autism. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 97–117. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Baird, G., Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., Meldrum, D., et al. (2006). Prevalence of disorders of the autism spectrum in a population cohort of children in South Thames: the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP). Lancet, 368, 210–215. CrossRefPubMed Baird, G., Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., Meldrum, D., et al. (2006). Prevalence of disorders of the autism spectrum in a population cohort of children in South Thames: the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP). Lancet, 368, 210–215. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A. M., & Frith, U. (1985). Does the autistic child have a ‘theory of mind’? Cognition, 21, 37–46. CrossRefPubMed Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A. M., & Frith, U. (1985). Does the autistic child have a ‘theory of mind’? Cognition, 21, 37–46. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bennetto, L., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1996). Intact and impaired memory function in autism. Child Development, 67, 1816–1835. CrossRefPubMed Bennetto, L., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1996). Intact and impaired memory function in autism. Child Development, 67, 1816–1835. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Blair, R. J. R., Frith, U., Smith, N., Abell, F., & Cipolotti, L. (2002). Fractionation of visual memory: agency detection and its impairment in autism. Neuropsychologia, 40, 108–118. CrossRefPubMed Blair, R. J. R., Frith, U., Smith, N., Abell, F., & Cipolotti, L. (2002). Fractionation of visual memory: agency detection and its impairment in autism. Neuropsychologia, 40, 108–118. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Boucher, J. (2001). ‘Lost in a sea of time’: Time parsing and autism. In C. Hoel & T. McCormack (Eds.), Time and memory: Issues in philosophy and psychology (pp. 111–135). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Boucher, J. (2001). ‘Lost in a sea of time’: Time parsing and autism. In C. Hoel & T. McCormack (Eds.), Time and memory: Issues in philosophy and psychology (pp. 111–135). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Boucher, J., Mayes, A., & Bigham, S. (2008). Memory, language and intellectual ability in low-functioning autism. In J. Boucher & D. M. Bowler (Eds.), Memory in autism (pp. 330–349). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Boucher, J., Mayes, A., & Bigham, S. (2008). Memory, language and intellectual ability in low-functioning autism. In J. Boucher & D. M. Bowler (Eds.), Memory in autism (pp. 330–349). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Bowler, D. M. (2007). Autism spectrum disorders: Psychological theory and research. New York, NY: Wiley. Bowler, D. M. (2007). Autism spectrum disorders: Psychological theory and research. New York, NY: Wiley.
go back to reference Bowler, D. M., & Gaigg, S. B. (2008). Memory in ASD: Enduring themes and future prospects. In J. Boucher & D. M. Bowler (Eds.), Memory in autism (pp. 330–349). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Bowler, D. M., & Gaigg, S. B. (2008). Memory in ASD: Enduring themes and future prospects. In J. Boucher & D. M. Bowler (Eds.), Memory in autism (pp. 330–349). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Bowler, D. M., Gaigg, S. B., & Gardiner, J. M. (2008). Effects of related and unrelated context on recall and recognition by adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia, 46, 993–999. CrossRefPubMed Bowler, D. M., Gaigg, S. B., & Gardiner, J. M. (2008). Effects of related and unrelated context on recall and recognition by adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia, 46, 993–999. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bowler, D. M., Gardiner, J. M., & Berthollier, N. (2004). Source memory in adolescents and adults with Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 533–542. CrossRefPubMed Bowler, D. M., Gardiner, J. M., & Berthollier, N. (2004). Source memory in adolescents and adults with Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 533–542. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bowler, D. M., Gardiner, J. M., & Grice, S. J. (2000a). Episodic memory and remembering in adults with Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 295–304. CrossRefPubMed Bowler, D. M., Gardiner, J. M., & Grice, S. J. (2000a). Episodic memory and remembering in adults with Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 295–304. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bowler, D. M., Gardiner, J. M., Grice, S., & Saavalainen, P. (2000b). Memory illusions: False recall and recognition in adults with Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 663–672. CrossRefPubMed Bowler, D. M., Gardiner, J. M., Grice, S., & Saavalainen, P. (2000b). Memory illusions: False recall and recognition in adults with Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 663–672. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bowler, D. M., Matthews, N. J., & Gardiner, J. M. (1997). Asperger’s syndrome and memory: Similarity to autism but not amnesia. Neuropsychologia, 35, 65–70. CrossRefPubMed Bowler, D. M., Matthews, N. J., & Gardiner, J. M. (1997). Asperger’s syndrome and memory: Similarity to autism but not amnesia. Neuropsychologia, 35, 65–70. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Brock, J., Brown, C. C., Boucher, J., & Rippon, G. (2002). The temporal binding deficit hypothesis of autism. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 209–224. CrossRefPubMed Brock, J., Brown, C. C., Boucher, J., & Rippon, G. (2002). The temporal binding deficit hypothesis of autism. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 209–224. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bruck, M., London, K., Landa, R., & Goodman, J. (2007). Autobiographical memory and suggestibility in children with autism spectrum disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 73–95. CrossRefPubMed Bruck, M., London, K., Landa, R., & Goodman, J. (2007). Autobiographical memory and suggestibility in children with autism spectrum disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 73–95. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Dando, C. J., & Milne, R. (2009). The cognitive interview. In R. N. Kocsis (Ed.), Applied criminal psychology, a guide to forensic behavioural sciences. Springfield, IL: Charles. C. Thomas. Dando, C. J., & Milne, R. (2009). The cognitive interview. In R. N. Kocsis (Ed.), Applied criminal psychology, a guide to forensic behavioural sciences. Springfield, IL: Charles. C. Thomas.
go back to reference Davis, M. R., McMahon, M., & Greenwood, K. M. (2005). The efficacy of mnemonic components of the cognitive interview: Towards a shortened variant for time-critical investigations. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 75–93. CrossRef Davis, M. R., McMahon, M., & Greenwood, K. M. (2005). The efficacy of mnemonic components of the cognitive interview: Towards a shortened variant for time-critical investigations. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 75–93. CrossRef
go back to reference Dornburg, C. C., & McDaniel, M. A. (2006). The cognitive interview enhances long-term free recall of older adults. Psychology and Aging, 21, 196–200. CrossRefPubMed Dornburg, C. C., & McDaniel, M. A. (2006). The cognitive interview enhances long-term free recall of older adults. Psychology and Aging, 21, 196–200. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fisher, R. P., & Geiselman, R. E. (1992). Memory-enhancing techniques for investigative interviewing: The cognitive interview. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas. Fisher, R. P., & Geiselman, R. E. (1992). Memory-enhancing techniques for investigative interviewing: The cognitive interview. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.
go back to reference Gaigg, S. B., & Bowler, D. M. (2008). Free recall and forgetting of emotionally arousing words in autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia, 46, 2336–2343. CrossRefPubMed Gaigg, S. B., & Bowler, D. M. (2008). Free recall and forgetting of emotionally arousing words in autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia, 46, 2336–2343. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gaigg, S. B., Gardiner, J. M., & Bowler, D. M. (2008). Free recall in autism spectrum disorder: The role of relational and item-specific encoding. Neuropsychologia, 46, 983–992. CrossRefPubMed Gaigg, S. B., Gardiner, J. M., & Bowler, D. M. (2008). Free recall in autism spectrum disorder: The role of relational and item-specific encoding. Neuropsychologia, 46, 983–992. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gardiner, J. M., Bowler, D. M., & Grice, S. J. (2003). Further evidence of preserved priming and impaired recall in adults with Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 259–269. CrossRefPubMed Gardiner, J. M., Bowler, D. M., & Grice, S. J. (2003). Further evidence of preserved priming and impaired recall in adults with Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 259–269. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Geiselman, R. E. (1984). Enhancement of eyewitness memory: An empirical evaluation of the cognitive interview. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 12, 74–80. Geiselman, R. E. (1984). Enhancement of eyewitness memory: An empirical evaluation of the cognitive interview. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 12, 74–80.
go back to reference Geiselman, R. E., Fisher, R. P., Mackinnon, D. P., & Holland, H. L. (1986). Enhancement of eyewitness memory with the cognitive interview. American Journal of Psychology, 99, 385–401. CrossRef Geiselman, R. E., Fisher, R. P., Mackinnon, D. P., & Holland, H. L. (1986). Enhancement of eyewitness memory with the cognitive interview. American Journal of Psychology, 99, 385–401. CrossRef
go back to reference Geiselman, R. E., & Padilla, J. (1988). Cognitive interviewing with child witnesses. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 16, 236–242. Geiselman, R. E., & Padilla, J. (1988). Cognitive interviewing with child witnesses. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 16, 236–242.
go back to reference Home Office, UK. (2002). Achieving the best evidence in criminal proceedings: Guidance for vulnerable and intimidated witnesses, including children. London: HMSO. Home Office, UK. (2002). Achieving the best evidence in criminal proceedings: Guidance for vulnerable and intimidated witnesses, including children. London: HMSO.
go back to reference Huff, C. R., Rattner, A., & Sagarin, E. (1996). Convicted but innocent: Wrongful convictions and public policy. London: Sage. Huff, C. R., Rattner, A., & Sagarin, E. (1996). Convicted but innocent: Wrongful convictions and public policy. London: Sage.
go back to reference Kebbell, M. R., & Milne, R. (1998). Police officers’ perceptions of eyewitness performance in forensic investigations. The Journal of Social Psychology, 138, 323–330. CrossRefPubMed Kebbell, M. R., & Milne, R. (1998). Police officers’ perceptions of eyewitness performance in forensic investigations. The Journal of Social Psychology, 138, 323–330. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kohnken, G., Milne, R., Memon, A., & Bull, R. (1999). The cognitive interview: A meta-analysis. Psychology, Crime and Law, 5, 3–27. CrossRef Kohnken, G., Milne, R., Memon, A., & Bull, R. (1999). The cognitive interview: A meta-analysis. Psychology, Crime and Law, 5, 3–27. CrossRef
go back to reference Kopelman, M. D., Guinan, E. M., & Lewis, P. D. R. (1995). Delusional memory, confabulation and frontal lobe dysfunction: A case study in De Clérambault’s syndrome. Neurocase, 1, 71–77. Kopelman, M. D., Guinan, E. M., & Lewis, P. D. R. (1995). Delusional memory, confabulation and frontal lobe dysfunction: A case study in De Clérambault’s syndrome. Neurocase, 1, 71–77.
go back to reference Leslie, A. M. (1987). Pretense and representation: The origins of ‘theory of mind’. Psychological Review, 94, 412–426. CrossRef Leslie, A. M. (1987). Pretense and representation: The origins of ‘theory of mind’. Psychological Review, 94, 412–426. CrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism diagnostic observation schedule—Generic. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism diagnostic observation schedule—Generic. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Memon, A., Wark, L., Bull, R., & Koehnken, G. (1997). Isolating the effects of the cognitive interview techniques. British Journal of Psychology, 88, 179–197. Memon, A., Wark, L., Bull, R., & Koehnken, G. (1997). Isolating the effects of the cognitive interview techniques. British Journal of Psychology, 88, 179–197.
go back to reference Mercadante, M. T., Macedo, E. C., Baptista, P. C. M., Paula, C. S., & Schwartzman, J. S. (2006). Saccadic movements using eye-tracking technology in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, 64, 559–562. CrossRefPubMed Mercadante, M. T., Macedo, E. C., Baptista, P. C. M., Paula, C. S., & Schwartzman, J. S. (2006). Saccadic movements using eye-tracking technology in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, 64, 559–562. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Milne, R., Clare, I. C. H., & Bull, R. (1999). Using the cognitive interview with adults with mild learning disabilities. Psychology, Crime and Law, 5, 81–99. CrossRef Milne, R., Clare, I. C. H., & Bull, R. (1999). Using the cognitive interview with adults with mild learning disabilities. Psychology, Crime and Law, 5, 81–99. CrossRef
go back to reference Ministry of Justice, UK. (2008). Criminal statistics: England and Wales 2007 Statistics Bulletin. Ministry of Justice, UK. (2008). Criminal statistics: England and Wales 2007 Statistics Bulletin.
go back to reference Minshew, N. J., & Goldstein, G. (1993). Is autism an amnesic disorder? Evidence from the California verbal learning test. Neuropsychology, 7, 209–216. CrossRef Minshew, N. J., & Goldstein, G. (1993). Is autism an amnesic disorder? Evidence from the California verbal learning test. Neuropsychology, 7, 209–216. CrossRef
go back to reference Minshew, N. J., Luna, B., & Sweeney, J. A. (1999). Oculomotor evidence for neocortical systems but not cerebellar dysfunction in autism. Neurology, 52, 917–922. PubMed Minshew, N. J., Luna, B., & Sweeney, J. A. (1999). Oculomotor evidence for neocortical systems but not cerebellar dysfunction in autism. Neurology, 52, 917–922. PubMed
go back to reference Morris, R. G., Rowe, A., Fox, N., Feigenbaum, J. D., Miotto, E. C., & Howlin, P. (1999). Spatial working memory in Asperger’s syndrome and in patients with focal frontal and temporal lobe lesions. Brain and Cognition, 41, 9–26. CrossRefPubMed Morris, R. G., Rowe, A., Fox, N., Feigenbaum, J. D., Miotto, E. C., & Howlin, P. (1999). Spatial working memory in Asperger’s syndrome and in patients with focal frontal and temporal lobe lesions. Brain and Cognition, 41, 9–26. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Moscovitch, M., & Melo, B. (1997). Strategic retrieval and the frontal lobes: Evidence from confabulation and amnesia. Neuropsychologia, 35, 1017–1034. CrossRefPubMed Moscovitch, M., & Melo, B. (1997). Strategic retrieval and the frontal lobes: Evidence from confabulation and amnesia. Neuropsychologia, 35, 1017–1034. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Parkin, A. J. (1997). The neuropsychology of false memory. Learning and Individual Differences, 9, 341–357. CrossRef Parkin, A. J. (1997). The neuropsychology of false memory. Learning and Individual Differences, 9, 341–357. CrossRef
go back to reference Renner, P., Klinger, L. G., & Klinger, M. R. (2000). Implicit and explicit memory in autism: Is autism an amnesic disorder? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 3–14. CrossRefPubMed Renner, P., Klinger, L. G., & Klinger, M. R. (2000). Implicit and explicit memory in autism: Is autism an amnesic disorder? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 3–14. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Riby, D. M., & Hancock, P. J. B. (2008). Viewing it differently: Social scene perception in Williams syndrome and autism. Neuropsychologia, 46, 2855–28600. CrossRefPubMed Riby, D. M., & Hancock, P. J. B. (2008). Viewing it differently: Social scene perception in Williams syndrome and autism. Neuropsychologia, 46, 2855–28600. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Riby, D., & Hancock, P. J. B. (2009). Looking at movies and cartoons: Eye-tracking evidence from Williams syndrome and autism. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 53, 169–181. CrossRefPubMed Riby, D., & Hancock, P. J. B. (2009). Looking at movies and cartoons: Eye-tracking evidence from Williams syndrome and autism. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 53, 169–181. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Roediger, H. L., III, Weldon, M. S., Challis, B. H., & Craik, F. I. M. (1989). Explaining dissociations between implicit and explicit measures of retention: A processing account. In H. L. Roediger III & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), Varieties of memory and consciousness: Essays in honour of Endel Tulving (pp. 3–41). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc. Roediger, H. L., III, Weldon, M. S., Challis, B. H., & Craik, F. I. M. (1989). Explaining dissociations between implicit and explicit measures of retention: A processing account. In H. L. Roediger III & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), Varieties of memory and consciousness: Essays in honour of Endel Tulving (pp. 3–41). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.
go back to reference Schacter, D. L., Kagan, J., & Leichtman, M. D. (1995). True and false memories in children and adults: A cognitive neuroscience perspective. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 1, 411–428. CrossRef Schacter, D. L., Kagan, J., & Leichtman, M. D. (1995). True and false memories in children and adults: A cognitive neuroscience perspective. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 1, 411–428. CrossRef
go back to reference Schank, R. C., & Abelson, R. P. (1977). Scripts, plans, goals and understanding: An inquiry into human knowledge structures. Oxford: Lawrence Erlbaum. Schank, R. C., & Abelson, R. P. (1977). Scripts, plans, goals and understanding: An inquiry into human knowledge structures. Oxford: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Stuss, D. T., Alexander, M. P., Lieberman, A., & Levine, H. (1978). An extraordinary form of confabulation. Neurology, 28, 1166–1172. PubMed Stuss, D. T., Alexander, M. P., Lieberman, A., & Levine, H. (1978). An extraordinary form of confabulation. Neurology, 28, 1166–1172. PubMed
go back to reference Tager-Flusberg, H. (1991). Semantic processing in the free-recall of autistic children—further evidence for a cognitive deficit. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9, 417–430. Tager-Flusberg, H. (1991). Semantic processing in the free-recall of autistic children—further evidence for a cognitive deficit. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9, 417–430.
go back to reference Tulving, E. (1974). Cue-dependent forgetting. American Scientist, 62, 74–82. Tulving, E. (1974). Cue-dependent forgetting. American Scientist, 62, 74–82.
go back to reference Tulving, E., & Thomson, D. M. (1973). Encoding specificity and retrieval processes in episodic memory. Psychological Review, 80, 352–373. CrossRef Tulving, E., & Thomson, D. M. (1973). Encoding specificity and retrieval processes in episodic memory. Psychological Review, 80, 352–373. CrossRef
go back to reference Turner, M. S., Cipolotti, L., Yousry, T. A., & Shallice, T. (2008). Confabulation: Damage to a specific inferior medial prefrontal system. Cortex, 44, 637–648. CrossRefPubMed Turner, M. S., Cipolotti, L., Yousry, T. A., & Shallice, T. (2008). Confabulation: Damage to a specific inferior medial prefrontal system. Cortex, 44, 637–648. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1997). Manual for the Wechsler adult intelligence scale (3rd ed.). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (1997). Manual for the Wechsler adult intelligence scale (3rd ed.). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Williams, D. L., Goldstein, G., Carpenter, P. A., & Minshew, N. J. (2005). Verbal and spatial working memory in Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 747–756. CrossRefPubMed Williams, D. L., Goldstein, G., Carpenter, P. A., & Minshew, N. J. (2005). Verbal and spatial working memory in Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 747–756. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Williams, D. L., Goldstein, G., & Minshew, N. J. (2006). The profile of memory function in children with autism. Neuropsychology, 20, 21–29. CrossRefPubMed Williams, D. L., Goldstein, G., & Minshew, N. J. (2006). The profile of memory function in children with autism. Neuropsychology, 20, 21–29. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Witkin, H. A., Oltman, P. K., Raskin, E., & Karp, S. (1971). Manual for the embedded figures test. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist Press. Witkin, H. A., Oltman, P. K., Raskin, E., & Karp, S. (1971). Manual for the embedded figures test. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist Press.
go back to reference World Health Organization. (1993). The international statistical classification of diseases and related mental health problems, tenth revision (ICD-10). Geneva: World Health Organization. World Health Organization. (1993). The international statistical classification of diseases and related mental health problems, tenth revision (ICD-10). Geneva: World Health Organization.
go back to reference Wright, A. M., & Holliday, R. E. (2007a). Enhancing the recall of young, young-old and old-old adults with cognitive interviews. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21, 19–43. CrossRef Wright, A. M., & Holliday, R. E. (2007a). Enhancing the recall of young, young-old and old-old adults with cognitive interviews. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21, 19–43. CrossRef
go back to reference Wright, A. M., & Holliday, R. E. (2007b). Interviewing cognitively impaired older adults: How useful is a cognitive interview? Memory, 15, 17–33. CrossRefPubMed Wright, A. M., & Holliday, R. E. (2007b). Interviewing cognitively impaired older adults: How useful is a cognitive interview? Memory, 15, 17–33. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
The Cognitive Interview for Eyewitnesses with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Katie L. Maras
Dermot M. Bowler
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2010
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-0997-8

Andere artikelen Uitgave 11/2010

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2010 Naar de uitgave