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04-05-2019 | Original Article | Uitgave 7/2020 Open Access

Psychological Research 7/2020

Measuring approach–avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen-based arm movements

Tijdschrift:
Psychological Research > Uitgave 7/2020
Auteurs:
Adrian Meule, Anna Richard, Anja Lender, Radomir Dinic, Timo Brockmeyer, Mike Rinck, Jens Blechert
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00426-019-01195-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

Most tasks for measuring automatic approach–avoidance tendencies do not resemble naturalistic approach–avoidance behaviors. Therefore, we developed a paradigm for the assessment of approach–avoidance tendencies towards palatable food, which is based on arm and hand movements on a touchscreen, thereby mimicking real-life grasping or warding movements. In Study 1 (n = 85), an approach bias towards chocolate-containing foods was found when participants reached towards the stimuli, but not when these stimuli had to be moved on the touchscreen. This approach bias towards food observed in grab movements was replicated in Study 2 (n = 60) and Study 3 (n = 94). Adding task features to disambiguate distance change through either corresponding image zooming (Study 2) or emphasized self-reference (Study 3) did not moderate this effect. Associations between approach bias scores and trait and state chocolate craving were inconsistent across studies. Future studies need to examine whether touchscreen-based approach–avoidance tasks reveal biases towards other stimuli in the appetitive or aversive valence domain and relate to relevant interindividual difference variables.

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