Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 4/2010

01-08-2010 | Original Article

Locus of Control and Self-Efficacy: Potential Mediators of Stress, Illness, and Utilization of Health Services in College Students

Auteurs: Angela Roddenberry, Kimberly Renk

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 4/2010

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Although many studies examine the biological phenomena that mediate the relationship between stress and illness, more research is needed regarding psychological variables that may mediate this relationship. Thus, the current study investigates the mediating effects of locus of control and self-efficacy in the relationships among stress, illness, and the utilization of health services in a sample of 159 college students. Results suggest that participants who endorse higher levels of stress also endorse higher levels of illness, higher levels of external locus of control, and lower levels of self-efficacy. In addition, structural equation modeling suggests that there are direct relationships between stress and illness and between illness and the utilization of health services. Further, locus of control appears to be a partial mediator in the relationship between stress and illness. Given the link established between stress and illness and the individual differences associated with reactions to stressful situations, it is important for future examinations to continue to identify potential mediators of the stress-illness link.
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference Lazarus RS, Folkman S (1984) Stress, appraisal, and coping. Springer, New York Lazarus RS, Folkman S (1984) Stress, appraisal, and coping. Springer, New York
2.
go back to reference Horner K (1996) Locus of control, neuroticism, and stressors: combined influences on reported physical illness. Pers Individ Dif 21:195–204 CrossRef Horner K (1996) Locus of control, neuroticism, and stressors: combined influences on reported physical illness. Pers Individ Dif 21:195–204 CrossRef
3.
go back to reference Lazarus RS (1966) Psychological stress and the coping process. McGraw-Hill, New York Lazarus RS (1966) Psychological stress and the coping process. McGraw-Hill, New York
4.
go back to reference Shapiro DH, Schwartz CE, Astin JA (1996) Controlling ourselves, controlling our world. Am Psychol 51:1213–1230 CrossRefPubMed Shapiro DH, Schwartz CE, Astin JA (1996) Controlling ourselves, controlling our world. Am Psychol 51:1213–1230 CrossRefPubMed
5.
go back to reference Seligman MEP (1991) Learned optimism. Knopf, New York Seligman MEP (1991) Learned optimism. Knopf, New York
6.
go back to reference Cunningham AJ, Lockwood GA, Cunningham JA (1990) A relationship between perceived self-efficacy and quality of life in cancer patients. Patient Educ Couns 17:71–88 CrossRef Cunningham AJ, Lockwood GA, Cunningham JA (1990) A relationship between perceived self-efficacy and quality of life in cancer patients. Patient Educ Couns 17:71–88 CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Thompson S (1981) Will it hurt less if I can control it? A complex answer to a simple question. Psychol Bull 90:89–101 CrossRefPubMed Thompson S (1981) Will it hurt less if I can control it? A complex answer to a simple question. Psychol Bull 90:89–101 CrossRefPubMed
8.
go back to reference Rotter JB (1966) Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychol Monogr 80:1–28 PubMed Rotter JB (1966) Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychol Monogr 80:1–28 PubMed
9.
go back to reference Levenson H (1974) Activism and powerful other: distinctions within the concept of internal-external control. J Pers Assess 38:377–383 Levenson H (1974) Activism and powerful other: distinctions within the concept of internal-external control. J Pers Assess 38:377–383
10.
go back to reference Levenson H (1981) Differentiating among internality, powerful others, and chance. In: Lefcourt HM (ed) Research with the locus of control construct: assessment methods. Academic Press, New York, pp 15–63 Levenson H (1981) Differentiating among internality, powerful others, and chance. In: Lefcourt HM (ed) Research with the locus of control construct: assessment methods. Academic Press, New York, pp 15–63
11.
go back to reference Wallston KA, Wallston BS, DeVellis R (1978) Development of the multidimensional health locus of control scale. Health Educ Monogr 6:160–170 PubMed Wallston KA, Wallston BS, DeVellis R (1978) Development of the multidimensional health locus of control scale. Health Educ Monogr 6:160–170 PubMed
12.
go back to reference Murphy LMB, Thompson JR, Morris MA (1997) Adherence behavior among adolescents with type I insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: the role of cognitive appraisal processes. J Pediatr Psychol 22:811–925 CrossRefPubMed Murphy LMB, Thompson JR, Morris MA (1997) Adherence behavior among adolescents with type I insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: the role of cognitive appraisal processes. J Pediatr Psychol 22:811–925 CrossRefPubMed
13.
go back to reference Smith CA, Dobbins CJ, Wallston KA (1998) The mediational role of perceived competence in psychological adjustment to rheumatoid arthritis. J Appl Soc Psychol 21:1218–1247 CrossRef Smith CA, Dobbins CJ, Wallston KA (1998) The mediational role of perceived competence in psychological adjustment to rheumatoid arthritis. J Appl Soc Psychol 21:1218–1247 CrossRef
14.
go back to reference Bandura A (1977) Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychol Rev 84:191–215 CrossRefPubMed Bandura A (1977) Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychol Rev 84:191–215 CrossRefPubMed
15.
go back to reference Wiedenfeld SA, Bandura A, Levine S, O’Leary A, Brown S, Raska K (1990) Impact of perceived self-efficacy in coping with stressors on components of the immune system. J Pers Soc Psychol 59:1082–1094 CrossRefPubMed Wiedenfeld SA, Bandura A, Levine S, O’Leary A, Brown S, Raska K (1990) Impact of perceived self-efficacy in coping with stressors on components of the immune system. J Pers Soc Psychol 59:1082–1094 CrossRefPubMed
16.
go back to reference Shelley M, Pakenham KI (2004) External health locus of control and general self-efficacy: moderators of emotional distress among university students. Aust J Psychol 56:191–199 CrossRef Shelley M, Pakenham KI (2004) External health locus of control and general self-efficacy: moderators of emotional distress among university students. Aust J Psychol 56:191–199 CrossRef
17.
go back to reference Bollini AM, Walker EF, Hamann S, Kestler L (2004) The influence of perceived control and locus of control on the cortisol and subjective responses to stress. Biol Psychol 67:245–260 CrossRefPubMed Bollini AM, Walker EF, Hamann S, Kestler L (2004) The influence of perceived control and locus of control on the cortisol and subjective responses to stress. Biol Psychol 67:245–260 CrossRefPubMed
18.
go back to reference Abouserie R (1994) Sources and levels of stress in relation to locus of control and self-esteem in university students. Educ Psychol 14:323–331 CrossRef Abouserie R (1994) Sources and levels of stress in relation to locus of control and self-esteem in university students. Educ Psychol 14:323–331 CrossRef
19.
go back to reference Gadzella B (1994) Locus of control differences among stress groups. Percept Mot Skills 79:1619–1624 PubMed Gadzella B (1994) Locus of control differences among stress groups. Percept Mot Skills 79:1619–1624 PubMed
20.
go back to reference Oaten M, Cheng K (2005) Academic examination stress impairs self-control. J Soc Clin Psychol 24:254–279 CrossRef Oaten M, Cheng K (2005) Academic examination stress impairs self-control. J Soc Clin Psychol 24:254–279 CrossRef
21.
go back to reference Roghmann KJ, Haggerty RJ (1973) The diary as a research instrument in the study of health and illness behavior. Med Care 10:143–163 CrossRef Roghmann KJ, Haggerty RJ (1973) The diary as a research instrument in the study of health and illness behavior. Med Care 10:143–163 CrossRef
22.
go back to reference Tessler R, Mechanic D, Dimond M (1976) The effect of psychological distress on physician utilization: a prospective study. J Health Soc Behav 17:353–364 CrossRefPubMed Tessler R, Mechanic D, Dimond M (1976) The effect of psychological distress on physician utilization: a prospective study. J Health Soc Behav 17:353–364 CrossRefPubMed
23.
go back to reference Gortmaker SL, Eckenrode J, Gore S (1982) Stress and the utilization of health services: a time series and cross-sectional analysis. J Health Soc Behav 23:25–38 CrossRefPubMed Gortmaker SL, Eckenrode J, Gore S (1982) Stress and the utilization of health services: a time series and cross-sectional analysis. J Health Soc Behav 23:25–38 CrossRefPubMed
24.
go back to reference Segerstrom SC, Miller GE (2004) Psychological stress and the human immune system: a meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry. Psychol Bull 130:601–630 CrossRefPubMed Segerstrom SC, Miller GE (2004) Psychological stress and the human immune system: a meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry. Psychol Bull 130:601–630 CrossRefPubMed
26.
go back to reference Ostertag PA, McNamara JR (1991) “Feminization” of psychology: the changing sex ratio and its implications for the profession. Psychol Women Q 15:349–369 CrossRef Ostertag PA, McNamara JR (1991) “Feminization” of psychology: the changing sex ratio and its implications for the profession. Psychol Women Q 15:349–369 CrossRef
27.
go back to reference Olos L, Hoff E (2006) Gender ratios in European psychology. Eur Psychol 11:1–11 CrossRef Olos L, Hoff E (2006) Gender ratios in European psychology. Eur Psychol 11:1–11 CrossRef
28.
go back to reference Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R (1983) A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Soc Behav 24:385–396 CrossRefPubMed Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R (1983) A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Soc Behav 24:385–396 CrossRefPubMed
29.
go back to reference Kohn JP, Frazer GH (1986) An academic stress scale: identification and rated importance of academic stressors. Psychol Rep 59:415–426 Kohn JP, Frazer GH (1986) An academic stress scale: identification and rated importance of academic stressors. Psychol Rep 59:415–426
30.
go back to reference Stanton WR, Raja S, Langley J (1995) Stability in the structure of health locus of control among adolescents. Br J Clin Psych 34:279–287 Stanton WR, Raja S, Langley J (1995) Stability in the structure of health locus of control among adolescents. Br J Clin Psych 34:279–287
31.
go back to reference Sherer M, Maddux JE, Mercandante B, Prentice-Dunn S, Jacobs B, Rojers RW (1982) The self-efficacy scale: construction and validation. Psychol Rep 51:663–671 Sherer M, Maddux JE, Mercandante B, Prentice-Dunn S, Jacobs B, Rojers RW (1982) The self-efficacy scale: construction and validation. Psychol Rep 51:663–671
32.
go back to reference Endler NS, Kocovski NL, Macrodimitris SD (2001) Coping, efficacy, and perceived control in acute vs chronic illnesses. Pers Individ Dif 30:617–625 CrossRef Endler NS, Kocovski NL, Macrodimitris SD (2001) Coping, efficacy, and perceived control in acute vs chronic illnesses. Pers Individ Dif 30:617–625 CrossRef
33.
go back to reference Owen SV, Froman RD (1988) Development of a college academic self-efficacy scale. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the national council on measurement in education, New Orleans LA Owen SV, Froman RD (1988) Development of a college academic self-efficacy scale. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the national council on measurement in education, New Orleans LA
34.
go back to reference Derogatis LR (1993) Brief symptom inventory: administration, scoring, and procedures manual. NCS Pearson, Minneapolis Derogatis LR (1993) Brief symptom inventory: administration, scoring, and procedures manual. NCS Pearson, Minneapolis
35.
go back to reference Pennebaker JW (1982) The psychology of physical symptoms. Springer, New York Pennebaker JW (1982) The psychology of physical symptoms. Springer, New York
36.
go back to reference MacGeorge EL, Samter W, Feng B, Gillihan SJ, Graves AR (2004) Stress, social support, and health among college students after September 11, 2001. J Coll Stud Dev 45:655–670 CrossRef MacGeorge EL, Samter W, Feng B, Gillihan SJ, Graves AR (2004) Stress, social support, and health among college students after September 11, 2001. J Coll Stud Dev 45:655–670 CrossRef
37.
go back to reference Kline RB (1998) Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. The Guilford Press, New York Kline RB (1998) Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. The Guilford Press, New York
38.
go back to reference Bentler PM (1992) On the fit of models to covariances and methodology to the Bulletin. Psychol Bull 112:400–404 CrossRefPubMed Bentler PM (1992) On the fit of models to covariances and methodology to the Bulletin. Psychol Bull 112:400–404 CrossRefPubMed
39.
go back to reference James LR, Mulaik SS, Brett JM (1982) Causal analysis: assumptions, models, and data. Sage Publications, Beverly Hills James LR, Mulaik SS, Brett JM (1982) Causal analysis: assumptions, models, and data. Sage Publications, Beverly Hills
40.
go back to reference Anderson JC, Gerbing DW (1988) Structural equations modeling in practice: a review and recommended two-step approach. Psychol Bull 103:411–423 CrossRef Anderson JC, Gerbing DW (1988) Structural equations modeling in practice: a review and recommended two-step approach. Psychol Bull 103:411–423 CrossRef
41.
go back to reference Arnett JJ (2000) Emerging adulthood: a theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. Am Psychol 55:469–480 CrossRefPubMed Arnett JJ (2000) Emerging adulthood: a theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. Am Psychol 55:469–480 CrossRefPubMed
42.
go back to reference Kandrack M, Grant KR, Segall A (1991) Gender differences in health related behaviour: some unanswered questions. Soc Sci Med 32:579–590 CrossRefPubMed Kandrack M, Grant KR, Segall A (1991) Gender differences in health related behaviour: some unanswered questions. Soc Sci Med 32:579–590 CrossRefPubMed
43.
go back to reference Liang W, Shediac-Rizkallah MC, Celentano DD, Rohde C (1999) A population-based study of age and gender differences in patterns of health-related behaviors. Am J Prev Med 17:8–17 CrossRefPubMed Liang W, Shediac-Rizkallah MC, Celentano DD, Rohde C (1999) A population-based study of age and gender differences in patterns of health-related behaviors. Am J Prev Med 17:8–17 CrossRefPubMed
44.
go back to reference Shumaker SA, Hill DR (1991) Gender differences in social support and physical health. Health Psychol 10:102–111 CrossRefPubMed Shumaker SA, Hill DR (1991) Gender differences in social support and physical health. Health Psychol 10:102–111 CrossRefPubMed
45.
go back to reference Bird CE, Rieker PP (1999) Gender matters: an integrated model for understanding men’s and women’s health. Soc Sci Med 48:745–755 CrossRefPubMed Bird CE, Rieker PP (1999) Gender matters: an integrated model for understanding men’s and women’s health. Soc Sci Med 48:745–755 CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Locus of Control and Self-Efficacy: Potential Mediators of Stress, Illness, and Utilization of Health Services in College Students
Auteurs
Angela Roddenberry
Kimberly Renk
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 4/2010
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-010-0173-6