Skip to main content
main-content

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

01-04-2011 | Original Paper | Uitgave 2/2011

Journal of Child and Family Studies 2/2011

Interpretation of Ambiguity in Children: A Prospective Study of Associations With Anxiety and Parental Interpretations

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 2/2011
Auteurs:
Cathy Creswell, Sarah Shildrick, Andy P. Field

Abstract

Interpretation of ambiguity is consistently associated with anxiety in children, however, the temporal relationship between interpretation and anxiety remains unclear as do the developmental origins of interpretative biases. This study set out to test a model of the development of interpretative biases in a prospective study of 110 children aged 5–9 years of age. Children and their parents were assessed three times, annually, on measures of anxiety and interpretation of ambiguous scenarios (including, for parents, both their own interpretations and their expectations regarding their child). Three models were constructed to assess associations between parent and child anxiety and threat and distress cognitions and expectancies. The three models were all a reasonable fit of the data, and supported conclusions that: (i) children’s threat and distress cognitions were stable over time and were significantly associated with anxiety, (ii) parents’ threat and distress cognitions and expectancies significantly predicted child threat cognitions at some time points, and (iii) parental anxiety significantly predicted parents cognitions, which predicted parental expectancies at some time points. Parental expectancies were also significantly predicted by child cognitions. The findings varied depending on assessment time point and whether threat or distress cognitions were being considered. The findings support the notion that child and parent cognitive processes, in particular parental expectations, may be a useful target in the treatment or prevention of anxiety disorders in children.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL houdt u eenvoudig en efficiënt uw vak bij. Met een online abonnement heeft u toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, tijdschriften en online nascholing. Denk hierbij aan e-learnings en web-tv's. Zo kunt u op uw gemak en wanneer het u het beste uitkomt verdiepen in uw vakgebied.

Literatuur
Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2011

Journal of Child and Family Studies 2/2011Naar de uitgave