24-07-2019 | Original Paper
Improving the Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Fragile X Syndrome by Adapting the Social Communication Questionnaire and the Social Responsiveness Scale-2
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2020Log in om toegang te krijgen
We carried out a psychometric assessment of the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) and the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS-2) in fragile X syndrome (FXS), relative to clinician DSM5-based diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in FXS. This was followed by instrument revisions that included: removal of non-discriminating and/or low face validity items for FXS; use of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to determine optimal cut points for the original and revised measures; an exploratory factor analysis to outline subscales better representing ASD in FXS; and creation of a “triple criteria” diagnosis to better delineate ASD subgroups in FXS. These methods improved the sensitivity and/or specificity of the SCQ and SRS-2, but diagnostic accuracy of ASD remains problematic in FXS.