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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 12/2018

10-08-2018

Impact of untreated dental caries severity on the quality of life of preschool children and their families: a cross-sectional study

Auteurs: Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Anelise Daher, Maria do Carmo Matias Freire, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu, Marcelo Bönecker, Luciane Rezende Costa

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 12/2018

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Abstract

Purpose

Untreated dental caries is a persistent oral problem among preschool children. Although there is vast evidence regarding the impact of dental caries on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in this age group, evidence on the impact of untreated caries severity is scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of untreated caries severity on the OHRQoL of preschool children and their families.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted with 563 individuals in the city of Goiania, Brazil. Data were collected through interviews with parents/caregivers and clinical examinations of their children. The OHRQoL was measured by the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale. Untreated dental caries severity was assessed using validated indices. Other independent variables were socioeconomic, toothache prevalence, and the questionnaire respondent. Statistical analysis involved bivariate comparisons and Poisson regression analyses.

Results

A higher prevalence of impact on OHRQoL was found among preschool children with untreated dental caries with clinical consequences (PR 1.31; 95% CI 1.01–1.70) compared to those without caries; those aged 5 years (PR 1.47; 95% CI 1.18–1.82), compared to those aged two; and those with a toothache (PR 1.54; 95% CI 1.34–1.76), compared to those without toothache. Moreover, fathers (PR 0.71; 95% CI 0.55–0.92) and other respondents (PR 0.70; 95% CI 0.52–0.96) perceived less impact on the OHRQoL in comparison to mothers.

Conclusions

Severe untreated dental caries with clinical consequences had a negative impact on the children’s OHRQoL, regardless of toothache and socioeconomic factors.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Impact of untreated dental caries severity on the quality of life of preschool children and their families: a cross-sectional study
Auteurs
Patrícia Corrêa-Faria
Anelise Daher
Maria do Carmo Matias Freire
Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu
Marcelo Bönecker
Luciane Rezende Costa
Publicatiedatum
10-08-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 12/2018
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-018-1966-5