Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Researchers have noted increasingly the public health importance of addressing discriminatory policies towards lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) populations. At present, however, we know little about the mechanisms through which policies affect LGB populations’ psychological well-being; in other words, how do policies get under our skin? Using data from a study of sexual minority young men (N = 1,487; M = 20.80 (SD = 1.93); 65 % White; 92 % gay), we examined whether statewide bans (e.g., same-sex marriage, adoption) moderated the relationship between fatherhood aspirations and psychological well-being. Fatherhood aspirations were associated with lower depressive symptoms and higher self-esteem scores among participants living in states without discriminatory policies. In states with marriage equality bans, fatherhood aspirations were associated with higher depressive symptoms and lower self-esteem scores, respectively. Fatherhood aspirations were associated negatively with self-esteem in states banning same-sex and second parent adoptions, respectively. Our findings underscore the importance of recognizing how anti-equality LGB policies may influence the psychosocial development of sexual minority men.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Badgett, M. (2001). Money, myths and change: The economic lives of lesbians and gay men. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.
Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Berkowitz, D., & Marsiglio, W. (2007). Gay men: Negotiating procreative, father, and family identities. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69(May), 366–381. CrossRef
D’Augelli, A., Rendina, H. J., Sinclair, K., & Grossman, A. (2008). Lesbian and gay youth’s aspirations for marriage and raising children. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 1(4), 77–98. CrossRef
Gates, G. J., Badgett, M. V., Macomber, J. E., & Chambers, K. (2007). Adoption and foster care by lesbian and gay parents in the United States (1–43). CA: Los Angeles.
Hatzenbuehler, M. L. (2010). Social factors as determinants of mental health disparities in LGB populations: Implications for public policy. Social Issues and Policy Review, 4(1), 31–62. CrossRef
Herek, G. M. (2009). Sexual stigma and sexual prejudice in the United States: A conceptual framework. Contemporary Perspectives on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities, 54, 65–111. CrossRef
Mallon, J. (2004). Gay men choosing parenthood. New York: Columbia University Press.
Marriage Equality USA. (2013). Marriage Equality State-by-State. Retrieved from http://www.marriageequality.org/Marriage Equality State-by-State.
Rabun, C., & Oswald, R. F. (2009). Upholding and expanding the normal family: Future fatherhood through the eyes of gay male emerging adults. Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research and Practice about Men as Fathers, 7(3), 269–285. CrossRef
Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods. Advanced quantitative techniques in the social sciences series (Second). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
Raudenbush, A., Bryk, A., & Congdon, R. (2011). HLM 7 for Windows. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International Inc.
Riggle, E. D. B., Rostosky, S. S., & Horne, S. G. (2009). Marriage amendments and lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals in the 2006 election. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 6(1), 80–89. CrossRef
Riggle, E. D. B., Rostosky, S. S., Prather, R. A., & Hamrin, R. (2005). The execution of legal documents by sexual minority individuals. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 11(1), 138–163. CrossRef
Riskind, R. G., Patterson, C. J., & Nosek, B. A. (2013). Childless lesbian and gay adults’ self-efficacy about achieving parenthood. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 2(3), 222–235. CrossRef
Rosenberg, M. (1979). Conceiving the self. New York: Basic Books.
Rostosky, S. S., Riggle, E. D., Horne, S. G., & Miller, A. D. (2009). Marriage amendments and psychological distress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56(1), 56–66. CrossRef
Snyder, C. R. (1995). Conceptualizing, measuring, and nurturing hope. Journal of Counseling and Development, 73, 99–104. CrossRef
Snyder, C. R., Feldman, D. B., Taylor, J. D., & Schroeder, L. L. (2000). The roles of hopeful thinking in preventing problems and enhancing strengths. Applied and Preventive Psychology, 9, 249–270. CrossRef
Stoddard, S. A., Zimmerman, M. A., & Bauermeister, J. A. (2011). Thinking about the future as a way to succeed in the present: A longitudinal study of future orientation and violent behaviors among African American youth. American Journal of Community Psychology, 48(3–4), 238–246. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Te Riele, K. (2010). Philosophy of hope: Concepts and applications for working with marginalized youth. Journal of Youth Studies, 13(1), 35–46. CrossRef
The Human Rights Campaign. (2011). Parenting. Human Rights Campaign. Retrieved from http://www.hrc.org/issues/parenting.
Valle, M. F., Huebner, E. S., & Suldo, S. M. (2006). An analysis of hope as a psychological strength. Journal of School Psychology, 44(5), 393–406. CrossRef
Weis, R., & Ash, S. E. (2009). Changes in adolescent and parent hopefulness in psychotherapy: Effects on adolescent outcomes as evaluated by adolescents, parents, and therapists. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4(5), 356–364. CrossRef
- How Statewide LGB Policies Go From “Under Our Skin” to “Into Our Hearts”: Fatherhood Aspirations and Psychological Well-Being Among Emerging Adult Sexual Minority Men
José A. Bauermeister
- Springer US