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07-05-2020 | Empirical Research

How is Mindfulness Linked to Negative and Positive Affect? Rumination as an Explanatory Process in a Prospective Longitudinal Study of Adolescents

Auteurs: Michael J. Tumminia, Blake A. Colaianne, Robert W. Roeser, Brian M. Galla

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 10/2020

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Abstract

Research shows greater mindfulness is associated with less negative affect and more positive affect. Fewer studies have examined the mediating psychological processes linking mindfulness to these outcomes in adolescents. This three-wave, prospective longitudinal study examines rumination—the tendency to engage in repetitive and negative self-focused thinking—as one potential explanatory process. High school students (N = 599, Mage = 16.3 years; 49% girls) completed a short-form version of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, in addition to self-report measures of rumination and negative and positive affect three times over the course of a school year. Autoregressive, cross-lagged panel models tested reciprocal, prospective associations between mindfulness, rumination, and negative and positive affect, while accounting for prior levels of each construct, within-wave covariances, and gender and grade level. The results showed that the nonjudgment mindfulness facet (and the total mindfulness score) predicted cross-wave reductions in rumination, that in turn predicted cross-wave reductions in negative affect. No evidence for mediation was found for positive affect, or for any of the other mindfulness facets (describe, acting with awareness, and nonreactivity). This study provides suggestive evidence that individual differences in mindfulness, and in particular nonjudgmental acceptance, prospectively predict less negative affect through lower rumination.
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1
Data from this project have been used in other papers (Abujaradeh et al. 2020; Colaianne et al. 2020), including the validation study of the short-form Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire employed in this analysis. The hypothesis tested here is novel and does not overlap with other papers drawn from this dataset.
 
2
As a robustness check, we reran the main analyses excluding the 8 (1.3%) students who did not provide at least one full wave of data during the study. Results of this reanalysis were substantively the same as those using the full sample.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
How is Mindfulness Linked to Negative and Positive Affect? Rumination as an Explanatory Process in a Prospective Longitudinal Study of Adolescents
Auteurs
Michael J. Tumminia
Blake A. Colaianne
Robert W. Roeser
Brian M. Galla
Publicatiedatum
07-05-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 10/2020
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01238-6

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