Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Recent evidence suggests a potentially important relationship between guilt and compulsive washing. The present studies sought to clarify this relationship. In Study 1, we examined whether washing reduced guilt. Following guilt induction, 132 non-clinical participants were randomized to one of three conditions: hand-wiping, straightening of clutter, or a control task. Contrary to predictions, analyses indicated no differences between conditions in post-task guilt. Moderator analyses indicated that among those in the straightening task, higher ordering symptoms were associated with greater increases in guilt. Study 2 examined whether guilt increased washing behavior. Sixty-one non-clinical participants were randomized to either a guilt induction or neutral condition. Afterwards, participants were timed as they cleansed their hands. Individuals in the guilt induction condition washed significantly longer than those in the neutral condition. These findings suggest that hand-washing does not lead to unique reductions in guilt, but guilt may prolong hand-washing behavior. Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Beck, A. (1972). Depression: Causes and treatment. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Fayard, J. V., Bassi, A. K., Bernstein, D. M., & Roberts, B. W. (2009). Is cleanliness next to godliness? Dispelling old wives’ tales: Failure to replicate Zhong and Liljenquist (2006). Journal of Articles in Support of the Null Hypothesis, 6(2), 21–30.
Klass, E. T. (1990). Guilt, shame, and embarrassment: Cognitive—behavioral approaches. In H. Leitenberg (Ed.), Handbook of social and evaluation anxiety (pp. 385–416). New York: Plenum Press.
Kugler, K., & Jones, W. H. (1992). On conceptualizing and assessing guilt. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 318–327. CrossRef
Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M., & Cuthbert, B. N. (2008). International affective picture system (IAPS): Affective ratings of pictures and instruction manual. Technical report A-8. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida.
Rapoport, J. L. (1989). The boy who couldn’t stop washing: The experience and treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. New York: Penguin Books.
Shafran, E., Watkins, T., & Charman, G. (1996). Guilt in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorder, 10, 509–516. CrossRef
Shakespeare, W. (1964). The tragedy of Macbeth. New York: Oxford University Press.
Steketee, G., Grayson, J., & Foa, E. (1987). A comparison of characteristics of obsessive-compulsive disorder and other anxiety disorders. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 1, 325–335. CrossRef
Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (1994). The PANAS-X: Manual for the positive and negative affect schedule-expanded form. University of Iowa: Unpublished manuscript.
- Guilt and Compulsive Washing: Experimental Tests of Interrelationships
Jesse R. Cougle
Amy R. Goetz
Kirsten A. Hawkins
Kristin E. Fitch
- Springer US