Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

12-05-2015 | Brief Communication | Uitgave 11/2015

Quality of Life Research 11/2015

Gender differences in psychological well-being: tests of factorial invariance

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 11/2015
Auteurs:
Ren-Hau Li, Chih-Mei Kao, Yi-Ying Wu
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Yi-Ying Wu—Adjunct Assistant Professor.

Abstract

Purpose

This research investigated gender differences in the six factors of Li’s 18-item version of Ryff’s psychological well-being (PWB) scale by using factorial invariance procedures. This version improved on Ryff’s shorter PWB scale in regard to the reliability of each subscale.

Methods

The sample comprised 653 adult participants, specifically, 271 men and 382 women. Factorial invariance tests were conducted using multigroup confirmatory factor analysis.

Results

The results showed that the Li’s version of Ryff’s PWB scale has configural invariance, factor loading invariance, intercept invariance, partial invariance of factor variances and covariances, partial invariance of latent means, and partial invariance of error variances. According to latent means, women had significantly less autonomy (AU) and more environmental mastery (EM) than men did. Moreover, based on interfactor correlations, the correlation of EM and self-acceptance was higher for men than for women, and the correlation of positive relations with others and AU was lower for men than for women.

Conclusions

Gender differences in PWB can be found at the subscale levels of Li’s version, which exhibits metric and scalar invariance.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Podotherapeut Totaal

Binnen de bundel kunt u gebruik maken van boeken, tijdschriften, e-learnings, web-tv's en uitlegvideo's. BSL Podotherapeut Totaal is overal toegankelijk; via uw PC, tablet of smartphone.

Literatuur
Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 11/2015

Quality of Life Research 11/2015 Naar de uitgave