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03-06-2015 | Uitgave 11/2015

Quality of Life Research 11/2015

Child and adolescent perceptions of oral health over the life course

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 11/2015
Auteurs:
Carl A. Maida, Marvin Marcus, Ron D. Hays, Ian D. Coulter, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Steve Y. Lee, Patricia S. McClory, Laura V. Van, Yan Wang, Jie Shen, Li Cai, Vladimir W. Spolsky, James J. Crall, Honghu Liu

Abstract

Purpose

To elicit perceptions of oral health in children and adolescents as an initial step in the development of oral health item banks for the Patient-Reported Oral Health Outcomes Measurement Information System project.

Methods

We conducted focus groups with ethnically, socioeconomically, and geographically diverse youth (8–12, 13–17 years) to identify perceptions of oral health status. We performed content analysis, including a thematic and narrative analysis, to identify important themes.

Results

We identified three unique themes that the youth associated with their oral health status: (1) understanding the value of maintaining good oral health over the life course, with respect to longevity and quality of life in the adult years; (2) positive association between maintaining good oral health and interpersonal relationships at school, and dating, for older youth; and (3) knowledge of the benefits of orthodontic treatment to appearance and positive self-image, while holding a strong view as to the discomfort associated with braces.

Conclusions

The results provide valuable information about core domains for the oral health item banks to be developed and generated content for new items to be developed and evaluated with cognitive interviews and in a field test.

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