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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 8/2021

29-05-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Examining the Relationship Between Trait Rumination and Mindfulness Across Development and Risk Status

Auteurs: Caroline M. Swords, Lori M. Hilt

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 8/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

Rumination, the process of perseveratively dwelling on symptoms of distress and their possible causes and consequences, is a transdiagnostic risk factor for psychopathology. Mindfulness, which involves paying attention, on purpose, and nonjudgmentally, is antithetical in nature to rumination and appears effective in reducing ruminative thoughts. However, the nature of the relationships between rumination and specific aspects of mindfulness are not well understood. We aimed to investigate the relationships between rumination and specific aspects of mindfulness across three samples varying in age and risk status.

Methods

Participants included 88 emerging adults (M age = 18.51, SD = .64), 161 community adolescents (M age = 12.68, SD = 1.10), and 80 adolescents selected for moderate-to-high rumination (M age = 14.01, SD = .99). All samples completed questionnaires to assess trait rumination and mindfulness. Samples 1 and 2 completed questionnaires again 3 weeks and 1 year later, respectively.

Results

Linear regression models revealed that nonjudgment was the only facet that significantly predicted concurrent rumination among all samples (R2s = .27–.51). Higher baseline levels of nonjudgment also predicted lower levels of rumination prospectively among emerging adults (R2 = .62) and community adolescents, along with awareness (R2 = .33).

Conclusions

Results suggest that rumination is uniquely associated with the judgment of inner experiences. Therefore, future research may investigate the utility of interventions that focus on nonjudgment for reducing rumination.
Literatuur
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Constructivism in the Human Sciences, 8(2), 73–107. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Constructivism in the Human Sciences, 8(2), 73–107.
go back to reference Watkins, E. R. (2015). Mindfulness in the context of processing mode theory. In K. W. Brown, J. D. Creswell, & R. M. Ryan (Eds.),  Handbook of mindfulness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 90–111). The Guilford Press. Watkins, E. R. (2015). Mindfulness in the context of processing mode theory. In K. W. Brown, J. D. Creswell, & R. M. Ryan (Eds.),  Handbook of mindfulness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 90–111). The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Watkins, E. R., & Roberts, H. (2020). Reflecting on rumination: Consequences, causes, mechanisms and treatment of rumination. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 127, 103573. CrossRef Watkins, E. R., & Roberts, H. (2020). Reflecting on rumination: Consequences, causes, mechanisms and treatment of rumination. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 127, 103573. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Examining the Relationship Between Trait Rumination and Mindfulness Across Development and Risk Status
Auteurs
Caroline M. Swords
Lori M. Hilt
Publicatiedatum
29-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 8/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01654-0

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